By William N. Gtjthrie, D.D.

Rector of St. Mark's-in-the-Bouwerie.


AN American Indian's Song is his very own.   No other /\  man can sing it without his explicit permission.   It is impregnate with his aura.  It is not in our sense, how­ever, property.   It is believed to invest magically the singer with the mood whence it proceeded, and must, therefore, merge in some way the performer's identity with that of the originator's.   To sing another's song is an invasion of his personality, a sort of spiritual piracy involving sacrilege.

When last year in Arcady and Andritzena, I induced primi­tive shepherds to sing and play for me lustily all sorts of occasional songs and rituals, they refused to do a burial chant, most positively. For to perform one would surely cause a death in the house.

A little reflection on these two paragraphs may perhaps, make the reader realize that authorship was once a thing of great hazards. If one had something great and new to say, and wanted it to circulate widely, one would naturally prefer anonymity.

Indeed, by the Hebrews a story was popularly presumed to have its hero for its author. Moses wrote the account of his own death. Deuteronomy was of course, his own work, although obviously intended to alter the traditional religion. Jonah wrote the little novel about himself. David was the author of the Psalms because reported to have instituted the first temple choir, and as a lad to have played the harp soothing the nerves of King Saul. When an author for the book of Job was wanted, though the whole discussion of the work proves it was written to refute the Wisdom literature which by tradition began with the Proverbs of Solomon, Moses was chosen as a suitable author!

So for centuries among the Jews, writers sought to shelter themselves behind the names of the great dead.    In this they were guilty of no fraud. They imagined what Solomon or Enoch would say, or sing, upon a particular theme under given circumstances. It was not really they themselves, but their Solomon, their Enoch, Solomon or Enoch in them, who uttered the new prophesies or temple praises.

Thus aros& that body of literature, called by modern scholars, "Pseudepigrapha," that is, writings erroneously, un-historically, and yet sincerely, ascribed to heroic figures summed from the vasty deep by a self-denying imagination, eager to alter man's belief and custom, to interpret his hope and sorrow, without personal gain or fame, and also, may one add, without the deterrent of persecution to arrest free utterance!

Now it is a foolish modern prejudice against an ancient piece of literature that its author veiled his person in this fashion. The only question is: Was the writing of inherent value?   Did it exercise influence?

It is not too much to say that no modern can intelligently understand the New Testament, unless he is acquainted with the so-called "Apocrypha," and with the "Pseudepigrapha" as well. The very words of Jesus were in many instances, suggested by sayings current in his day, more or less as unconscious quotations from the Testaments of the 12 Patriarchs.

The figure of the Messiah which Jesus adapted to his creative purpose, cannot be imagined by a modern without a perusal of the book of Enoch which is its classic and most entrancing glorification. Without the Odes and Songs of Solomon the atmosphere breathed by the earliest church cannot be divined.

Hitherto access to this literature has been confined to technical scholars. Its assembly would require special in­formation and considerable expenditure. With this enter­prise of the Alpha House, Inc., it becomes democratic prop­erty. We shall have a more intelligent clergy and laity, when this volume has taken its place in every library, and is familiarly brought into every discussion of the historic Christ and of His times.


               THE FORGOTTEN

               BOOKS OF EDEN




TODAY the medley of outward life has made a perplexity of inward life. We moderns have ruffled our old in­certitudes to an absurd point—incertitudes that are older than theology.

Not without justification have priests mounted altars for generations and cried, "Oh my soul, why dost thou trouble me?"

We are active, restless both in body and mind. Curiosity has replaced blind faith. We go groping, peering, searching, scornful of dogmas, back, further back to sources. And just as the physicist thrills at the universes he discovers as he works inward in the quest of his electrons, so the average man exults in his apprehension of fundamentals of psychol­ogy. New cults spring up, attesting to the Truth—as they see it—countless fleets of Theism, Buchmanism, Theosophy, Bahai'ism, etc., sail under brightly colored flags; and Atheism is flaunting itself on the horizon.

Almost the passengers have turned pilots. Everyman is thinking for himself.

The findings here—in this strange volume—bring the reader into a large inland sea, cut off from the traffic and the tempest that have sprung up in the West; and untouched by the cross­currents of dogmas and presumptions that have cluttered historic centuries. Here is virgin water that gushes, troubled by abysmal forces only, out of the very earth itself.

Whence are these writings—these emotions—these profound pages of wisdom? You might as well inquire, whence is human nature? The fact is—they are. It isn't as though you can compare this literature with any other, as you might compare the French Romanticists with the Russian school. If you do so, this man may say it is too fantastic; that man, it is too coarse; the other man, it is too "out of date"! And they straightway lose all sight of the fact that it is simply fundamental.

To be sure scholars will argue, and inquire.   They would  find the exact history; the shape of this or that Greek stem; they would set the opinion of this erudite authority against the opinion of that. It is right that they, as scholars, should do so. It is right that the average man who is not a scholar should also do so—if he wants to; and should not have to do so, if he does not want to.

It is, however, only just to pay a tribute to scholarship which has preceded and made possible this book. The pub­lishers are indispensably indebted to The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha edited by R. H. Charles, D. Litt., D. D.; The Odes and Psalms of Solomon by Dr. Rendel Harris; The Book of Adam and Eve by the Rev. S. C. Malan, D. D., published in England in 1882.

•      •      •      •

It is appropriate to leave this book in your hands with the invocation of San Peladan, which Conrad has translated for us. San Pelandan believed in astrology, spirits of the air, elves, nymphs and everything that is deliciously fantastic. However, he did say:

"0 Nature, indulgent Mother, forgive! Open your arms to the son, prodigal and weary.

"I have attempted to tear asunder the veil you have hung to conceal from us the pain of life, and I have been wounded by the mystery. . . . CEdipus, half way to finding the word of the enigma, young Faust, regretting already the simple life, the life of the heart, I come back to you repentant, reconciled, 0 gentle deceiver 1"

•         •      •      •

Adam and Eve; Solomon; Pharaoh; Aristeas; Ahikar; and the Twelve Intellectual Giants—we come back to you.

                                                                                               R. H. P. Jk.

New York, August 1, 1927.




(THE FOGOTTEN BOOKS OF EDEN – edited by RUTHERFORD H. PLATT, Jr – Published by Word Bible Publishers, Inc - 1926)



Adam and Eve


The Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan.

PRESENT day controversy that rages around the authenticity of the Scriptures and how human life began on this planet must pause to consider the Adam and Eve story. Where does it come from? What does it mean?

The familiar version in Genesis is not the source of this fundamental legend, it is not a spontaneous, Heaven-born account that sprang into place in the Old Testament. It is simply a version, unexcelled perhaps, but a version of a myth or belief or account handed down by word of mouth from generation to generation of mankind-through the incoherent, unrecorded ages of man it came--like an inextinguishable ray of light that ties the time when human life began, with the time when the human mind could express itself and the human hand could write.

This is the most ancient story in the world--it has survived because it embodies the basic fact of human life. A fact that has not changed one iota; amid all the superficial changes of civilization's vivid array, this fact remains: the conflict of Good and Evil; the fight between Man and the Devil; the eternal struggle of human nature against sin,

That the Adam and Eve story pervaded the thoughts of ancient writers is seen in the large number of versions that exist, or whose existence may be traced, through the writings of Greeks, Syrians, Egyptians, Abyssinians, Hebrews, and other ancient peoples. As a lawyer might say who examines so much apparently unrelated evidence--there must be something back of it.

The version which we give here is the work of unknown Egyptians (the lack of historical allusion makes it impossible to date the writing). Parts of this version are found in the Talmud, the Koran, and elsewhere, showing what a vital rôle it played in the original literature of human wisdom. The Egyptian author first wrote in Arabic (which may be taken as the original manuscript) and that found its way farther south and was translated into Ethiopic. For the present English translation we are indebted to Dr. S. C. Malan, Vicar of Broadwindsor, who worked from the Ethiopic edition edited by Dr. E. Trumpp, Professor at the University of Munich. Dr. Trumpp had the advantage of the Arabic original, which makes our bridge over the gap of many centuries a direct one.

The reading of these books is an adventure. You will find the mind of man fed by the passions, hopes, fears of new and strange earthly existence rioting, unrestrained, in the zest of self-expression. You roam in the realms of mythology where swiftly the aspects of nature assume manifold personalities, and the amorphous instinct of sin takes on the grotesqueries of a visible devil.

From such imaginative surroundings you find yourself suddenly staring at commonplace unvarnished events of family life--and such a family as "the first earthly family" was! They had all the troubles, all the petty disagreements, and the taking sides with one another, and the bother moving, and "staying with the baby," that in the total mark family life to-day. You will see it when you peep beneath the overlaying glamour of tradition.

One critic has said of this writing:

"This is we believe, the greatest literary discovery that the world has known. Its effect upon contemporary thought in molding the judgment of the future generations is of incalculable value.

"The treasures of Tut-ank-Amen's Tomb were no more precious to the Egyptologist than are these literary treasures to the world of scholarship."

But we prefer to let the reader make his own exploration and form his own opinion. The writing is arresting enough to inspire very original thoughts concerning it,

In general, this account begins where the Genesis story of Adam and Eve leaves off. Thus the two can not well be compared; here we have a new chapter--a sort of sequel to the other. Here is the story of the twin sisters of Cain and Abel, and it is notable that here the blame for the first murder is placed squarely at the door of a difference over Woman.

The plan of these books is as follows:--

Book I. The careers of Adam and Eve, from the day they left Eden; their dwelling in the Cave of Treasures; their trials and temptations; Satan's manifold apparitions to them. The birth of Cain, of Abel, and of their twin sisters; Cain's love for his own twin sister, Luluwa, whom Adam and Eve wished to join to Abel; the details of Cain's murder of his brother; and Adam's sorrow and death.

Book IL The history of the patriarchs who lived before the Flood; the dwelling of the children of Seth on the Holy Mountain--Mount Hermon--until they were lured by Henun and by the daughters of Cain, to come' down from the mountain. Cain's death, when slain by Lamech the blind; and the lives of other patriarchs until the birth of Noah.



The crystal sea. God commands Adam, expelled from Eden, to dwell in the Cave of Treasures.

ON the third day, God planted the garden in the east of the earth, on the border of the world eastward, beyond which, towards the sun-rising, one finds nothing but water, that encompasses the whole world, and reaches unto the borders of heaven.

2 And to the north of the garden there is a sea of wafer, clear and pure to the taste, like unto nothing else; so that, through the clearness thereof, one may look into the depths of the earth.

3 And when a man washes himself in it, becomes clean of the cleanness thereof, and white of its whiteness--even if he were dark.

4 And God created that sea of His own good pleasure, for He knew what would come of the man He should make; so that after he had left the garden, on account of his transgression, men should be born in the earth, from among whom righteous ones should die, whose souls God would raise at the last day; when they should return to their flesh; should bathe in the water of that sea, and all of them repent of their sins.

5 But when God made Adam go out of the garden, He did not place him on the border of it northward, lest he should draw near to the sea of water, and he and Eve wash themselves in it, be cleansed from their sins, forget the transgression they had committed, and he no longer reminded of it in the thought of their punishment.

6 Then, again, as to the southern side of the garden, God was not pleased to let Adam dwell there; because, when the wind blew from the north, it would bring him, on that southern side, the delicious smell of the trees of the garden.

7 Wherefore God did not put Adam there, lest he should smell the sweet smell of those trees forget his transgression, and find consolation for what he had done, take delight in the smell of the trees, and not be cleansed from his transgression.

8 Again, also, because God is merciful and of great pity, and governs all things in a way He alone knows--He made our father Adam dwell in the western border of the garden, because on that side the earth is very broad.

9 And God commanded him to dwell there in a cave in a rock--the Cave of Treasures below the garden.


Adam and Eve faint upon leaving the Garden. God sends His word to encourage them.

BUT when our father Adam, and Eve, went out of the garden, they trod the ground on their feet, not knowing they were treading.

2 And when they came to the opening of the gate of the garden, and saw the broad earth spread before them, covered with stones large and small, and with sand, they feared and trembled, and fell on their faces, from the fear that came upon them; and they were as dead.

3 Because--whereas they had hitherto been in the garden-land, beautifully planted with all manner of trees--they now saw themselves, in a strange land, which they knew not, and had never seen.

4 And because at that time they were filled with the grace of a bright nature, and they had not hearts turned towards earthly things.

5 Therefore had God pity on them; and when He saw them fallen before the gate of the garden, He sent His Word unto father Adam and Eve, and raised them from their fallen state.


Concerning the promise of the great five days and a half.

GOD said to Adam, "I have ordained on this earth days and years, and thou and thy seed shall dwell and walk in it, until the days and years are fulfilled; when I shall send the Word that created thee, and against which thou hast transgressed, the Word that made thee come out of the garden and that raised thee when thou wast fallen.

2 Yea, the Word that will again save thee when the five days and a half are fulfilled."

3 But when Adam heard these words from God, and of the great five days and a half, he did not understand the meaning of them.

4 For Adam was thinking that there would be but five days and a half for him, to the end of the world.

5 And Adam wept, and prayed God to explain it to him.

6 Then God in His mercy for Adam who was made after His own image and similitude, explained to him, that these were 5,000 and 500 years; and how One would then come and save him and his seed.

7 But God had before that made this covenant with our father, Adam, in the same terms, ere he came out of the garden, when he was by the tree whereof Eve took the fruit and gave it him to eat.

8 Inasmuch as when our father Adam came out of the garden, he passed by that tree, and saw how God had then changed the appearance of it into another form, and how it withered.

9 And as Adam went to it he feared, trembled and fell down; but God in His mercy lifted him up, and then made this covenant with him.

10 And, again, when Adam was by the gate of the garden, and saw the cherub with a sword of flashing fire in his hand, and the cherub grew angry and frowned at him, both Adam and Eve became afraid of him, and thought he meant to put them to death. So they fell on their faces, and trembled with fear.

11 But he had pity on them, and showed them mercy; and turning from them went up to heaven, and prayed unto the Lord, and said:--

12 "Lord, Thou didst send me to watch at the gate of the garden, with a sword of fire.

13 "But when Thy servants, Adam and Eve, saw me, they fell on their faces, and were as dead. O my Lord, what shall we do to Thy servants?"

14 Then God had pity on them, and showed them mercy, and sent His Angel to keep the garden.

15 And the Word of the Lord came unto Adam and Eve, and raised them up.

16 And the Lord said to Adam, "I told thee that at the end of five days and a half, I will send my Word and save thee.

17 "Strengthen thy heart, therefore, and abide in the Cave of Treasures, of which I have before spoken to thee."

18 And when Adam heard this Word from God, he was comforted with that which God had told him. For He had told him how He would save him.



Adam laments the changed conditions. Adam and Eve enter the Cave of Treasures.

BUT Adam and Eve wept for having come out of the garden, their first abode.

2 And, indeed, when Adam looked at his flesh, that was altered, he wept bitterly, he and Eve, over what they had done. And they walked and went gently down into the Cave of Treasures.

3 And as they came to it Adam wept over himself and said to Eve, "Look at this cave that is to be our prison in this world, and a place of punishment!

4 "What is it compared with the garden? What is its narrowness compared with the space of the other?

5 "What is this rock, by the side of those groves? What is the gloom of this cavern, compared with the light of the garden?

6 "What is this overhanging ledge of rock to shelter us, compared with the mercy of the Lord that overshadowed us?

7 "What is the soil of this cave compared with the garden-land? This earth, strewed with stones; and that, planted with delicious fruit-trees?"

8 And Adam said to Eve, "Look at thine eyes, and at mine, which afore beheld angels in heaven, praising; and they, too, without ceasing.

9 "But now we do not see as we did: our eyes have become of flesh; they cannot see in like manner as they saw before."

10 Adam said again to Eve, "What is our body to-day, compared to what it was in former days, when we dwelt in the garden?"

11 After this Adam did not like to enter the cave, under the overhanging rock; nor would he ever have entered it.

12 But he bowed to God's orders; and said to himself, "Unless I enter the cave, I shall again be a transgressor."


In which Eve makes a noble and emotionable intercession, taking the blame on herself.

THEN Adam and Eve entered the cave, and stood praying, in their own tongue, unknown to us, but which they knew well.

2 And as they prayed, Adam raised his eyes, and saw the rock and the roof of the cave that covered him overhead, so that he could see neither heaven, nor God's creatures. So he wept and smote heavily upon his breast, until he dropped, and was as dead.

3 And Eve sat weeping; for she believed he was dead.

4 Then she arose, spread her hands towards God, suing Him for mercy and pity, and said, "O God, forgive me my sin, the sin which I committed, and remember it not against me.

5 "For I alone caused Thy servant to fall from the garden into this lost estate; from light into this darkness; and from the abode of joy into this prison.

6 "O God, look upon this Thy servant thus fallen, and raise him from his death, that he may weep and repent of his transgression which he committed through me.

7 "Take not away his soul this once; but let him live that he may stand after the measure of his repentance, and do Thy will, as before his death.

8 "But if Thou do not raise him up, then, O God, take away my own soul, that I be like him; and leave me not in this dungeon, one and alone; for I could not stand alone in this world, but with him only.

9 "For Thou, O God, didst cause a slumber to come upon him, and didst take a bone from his side, and didst restore the flesh in the place of it, by Thy divine power.

10 "And Thou didst take me, the bone, and make me a woman, bright like him, with heart, reason, and speech; and in flesh, like unto his own; and Thou didst make me after the likeness of his countenance, by Thy mercy and power.

11 "O Lord, I and he are one and Thou, O God, art our Creator, Thou are He who made us both in one day.

12 "Therefore, O God, give him life, that he may be with me in this strange land, while we dwell in it on account of our transgression.

13 "But if Thou wilt not give him life, then take me, even me, like him; that we both may die the same day."

14 And Eve wept bitterly, and fell upon our father Adam; from her great sorrow.



God's admonition to Adam and Eve in which he points out how and why they sinned.

BUT God looked upon them; for they had killed themselves through great grief.

2 But He would raise them and comfort them.

3 He, therefore, sent His Word unto them; that they should stand and be raised forthwith.

4 And the Lord said unto Adam and Eve, "You transgressed of your own free will, until you came out of the garden in which I had placed you.

5 "Of your own free will have you transgressed through your desire for divinity, greatness, and an exalted state, such as I have; so that I deprived you of the bright nature in which you then were, and I made you come out of the garden to this land, rough and full of trouble.

6 "If only you had not transgressed My commandment and had kept My law, and had not eaten of the fruit of the tree, near which I told you not to come! And there were fruit trees in the garden better than that one.

7 "But the wicked Satan who continued not in his first estate, nor kept his faith; in whom was no good intent towards Me, and who though I had created him, yet set Me at naught, and sought the Godhead, so that I hurled him down from heaven,--he it is who made the tree appear pleasant in your eyes, until you ate of it, by hearkening to him.

8 "Thus have you transgressed My commandment, and therefore have I brought upon you all these sorrows.

9 "For I am God the Creator, who, when I created My creatures, did not intend to destroy them. But after they had sorely roused My anger, I punished them with grievous plagues, until they repent.

10 "But, if on the contrary, they still continue hardened in their transgression, they shall be under a curse for ever."


Chap. VII.

The beasts are reconciled.

WHEN Adam and Eve heard these words from God, they wept and sobbed yet more; but they strengthened their hearts in God, because they now felt that the Lord was to them like a father and a mother; and for this very reason, they wept before Him, and sought mercy from Him.

2 Then God had pity on them, and said: "O Adam, I have made My covenant with thee, and I will not turn from it; neither will I let thee return to the garden, until My covenant of the great five days and a half is fulfilled."

3 Then Adam said unto God, "O Lord, Thou didst create us, and make us fit to be in the garden; and before I transgressed, Thou madest all beasts come to me, that I should name them.

4 "Thy grace was then on me; and I named every one according to Thy mind; and Thou madest them all subject unto me.

5 "But now, O Lord God, that I have transgressed Thy commandment, all beasts will rise against me and will devour me, and Eve Thy handmaid; and will cut off our life from the face of the earth.

6 "I therefore beseech Thee, O God, that, since Thou hast made us come out of the garden, and hast made us be in a strange land, Thou wilt not let the beasts hurt us."

7 When the Lord heard these words from Adam, He had pity on him, and felt that he had truly said that the beasts of the field would rise and devour him and Eve, because He, the Lord, was angry with them two on account of their transgression.

8 Then God commanded the beasts, and the birds, and all that moves upon the earth, to come to Adam and to be familiar with him, and not to trouble him and Eve; nor yet any of the good and righteous among their posterity.

9 Then the beasts did obeisance to Adam, according to the commandment of God; except the serpent, against which God was wroth. It did not come to Adam, with the beasts.


The "Bright Nature" of man is taken away.

THEN Adam wept and said, "O God, when we dwelt in the garden, and our hearts were lifted up, we saw the angels that sang praises in heaven, but now we do not see as we were used to do; nay, when we entered the cave, all creation became hidden from us."

2 Then God the Lord said unto Adam, "When thou wast under subjection to Me, thou hadst a bright nature within thee, and for that reason couldst thou see things afar off. But after thy transgression thy bright nature was withdrawn from thee; and it was not left to thee to see things afar off, but only near at hand; after the ability of the flesh; for it is brutish."

3 When Adam and Eve had heard these words from God, they went their way; praising and worshipping Him with a sorrowful heart.

4 And God ceased to commune with them.



Water from the Tree of Life. Adam and Eve near drowning.

THEN Adam and Eve came out of the Cave of Treasures, and drew near to the garden gate, and there they stood to look at it, and wept for having come away from it.

2 And Adam and Eve went from before the gate of the garden to the southern side of it, and found there the water that watered the garden, from the root of the Tree of Life, and that parted itself from thence into four rivers over the earth.

3 Then they came and drew near to that water, and looked at it; and saw that it was the water that came forth from under the root of the Tree of Life in the garden.

4 And Adam wept and wailed, and smote upon his breast, for being severed from the garden; and said to Eve:--

5 "Why hast thou brought upon me, upon thyself, and upon our seed, so many of these plagues and punishments?"

6 And Eve said unto him, "What is it thou hast seen, to weep and to speak to me in this wise?"

7 And he said to Eve, "Seest thou not this water that was with us in the garden, that watered the trees of the garden, and flowed out thence?

8 "And we, when we were in the garden, did not care about it; but since we came to this strange land, we love it, and turn it to use for our body."

9 But when Eve heard these words from him, she wept; and from the soreness of their weeping, they fell into that water; and would have put an end to themselves in it, so as never again to return and behold the creation; for when they looked upon the work of creation, they felt they must put an end to themselves.



Their bodies need water after they leave the Garden.

THEN God, merciful and gracious, looked upon them thus lying in the water, and nigh unto death, and sent an angel, who brought them out of the water, and laid them on the seashore as dead.

2 Then the angel went up to God, was welcome, and said, "O God, Thy creatures have breathed their last."

3 Then God sent His Word unto Adam and Eve, who raised them from their death.

4 And Adam said, after he was raised, "O God, while we were in the garden we did not require, or care for this water; but since we came to this land we cannot do without it."

5 Then God said to Adam, "While thou wast under My command and wast a bright angel, thou knewest not this water.

6 "But after that thou hast transgressed My commandment, thou canst not do without water, wherein to wash thy body and make it grow; for it is now like that of beasts, and is in want of water."

7 When Adam and Eve heard these words from God, they wept a bitter cry; and Adam entreated God to let him return into the garden, and look at it a second time.

8 But God said unto Adam, "I have made thee a promise; when that promise is fulfilled, I will bring thee back into the garden, thee and thy righteous seed."

9 And God ceased to commune with Adam.



A recollection of the glorious days in the Garden.

THEN Adam and Eve felt themselves burning with thirst, and heat, and sorrow.

2 And Adam said to Eve, "We shall not drink of this water, even if we were to die. O Eve, when this water comes into our inner parts, it will increase our punishments and that of our children, that shall come after us."

3 Both Adam and Eve then withdrew from the water, and drank none of it at all; but came and entered the Cave of Treasures.

4 But when in it Adam could not see Eve; he only heard the noise she made. Neither could she see Adam, but heard the noise he made.

5 Then Adam wept, in deep affliction, and smote upon his breast; and he arose and said to Eve, "Where art thou?"

6 And she said unto him, "Lo, I am standing in this darkness."

7 He then said to her, "Remember the bright nature in which we lived, while we abode in the garden!

8 "O Eve! remember the glory that rested on us in the garden. O Eve! remember the trees that overshadowed us in the garden while we moved among them.

9 "O Eve! remember that while we were in the garden, we knew neither night nor day. Think of the Tree of Life, from below which flowed the water, and that shed lustre over us! Remember, O Eve, the garden-land, and the brightness thereof!

10 "Think, oh think of that garden in which was no darkness, while we dwelt therein.

11 "Whereas no sooner did we come into this Cave of Treasures than darkness compassed us round about; until we can no longer see each other; and all the pleasure of this life has come to an end."



How darkness came between Adam and Eve.

THEN Adam smote upon his breast, he and Eve, and they mourned the whole night until dawn drew near, and they sighed over the length of the night in Miyazia.

2 And Adam beat himself, and threw himself on the ground in the cave, from bitter grief, and because of the darkness, and lay there as dead.

3 But Eve heard the noise he made in falling upon the earth. And she felt about for him with her hands, and found him like a corpse.

4 Then she was afraid, speechless, and remained by him.

5 But the merciful Lord looked on the death of Adam, and on Eve's silence from fear of the darkness.

6 And the Word of God came unto Adam and raised him from his death, and opened Eve's mouth that she might speak.

7 Then Adam arose in the cave and said, "O God, wherefore has light departed from us, and darkness come over us? Wherefore dost Thou leave us in this long darkness? Why wilt Thou plague us thus?

8 "And this darkness, O Lord, where was it ere it came upon us? It is such, that we cannot see each other.

9 "For, so long as we were in the garden, we neither saw nor even knew what darkness is. I was not hidden from Eve, neither was she hidden from me, until now that she cannot see me; and no darkness came upon us, to separate us from each other.

10 "But she and I were both in one bright light. I saw her and she saw me. Yet now since we came into this cave, darkness has come upon us, and parted us asunder, so that I do not see her, and she does not see me.

11 "O Lord, wilt Thou then plague us with this darkness?"



The fall of Adam. Why night and day were created.

THEN when God, who is merciful and full of pity, heard Adam's voice, He said unto him:--

2 "O Adam, so long as the good angel was obedient to Me, a bright light rested on him and on his hosts.

3 "But when he transgressed My commandment, I deprived him of that bright nature, and he became dark.

4 "And when he was in the heavens, in the realms of light, he knew naught of darkness.

5 "But he transgressed, and I made him fall from heaven upon the earth; and it was this darkness that came upon him.

6 "And on thee, O Adam, while in My garden and obedient to Me, did that bright light rest also.

7 "But when I heard of thy transgression, I deprived thee of that bright light. Yet, of My mercy, I did not turn thee into darkness, but I made thee thy body of flesh, over which I spread this skin, in order that it may bear cold and heat.

8 "If I had let My wrath fall heavily upon thee, I should have destroyed thee; and had I turned thee into darkness, it would have been as if I killed thee.

9 "But in My mercy, I have made thee as thou art; when thou didst transgress My commandment, O Adam, I drove thee from the garden, and made thee come forth into this land; and commanded thee to dwell in this cave; and darkness came upon thee, as it did upon him who transgressed My commandment.

10 "Thus, O Adam, has this night deceived thee. It is not to last for ever; but is only of twelve hours; when it is over, daylight will return.

11 "Sigh not, therefore, neither be moved; and say not in thy heart that this darkness is long and drags on wearily; and say not in thy heart that I plague thee with it.

12 "Strengthen thy heart, and be not afraid. This darkness is not a punishment. But, O Adam, I have made the day, and have placed the sun in it to give light; in order that thou and thy children should do your work.

13 "For I knew thou shouldest sin and transgress, and come out into this land. Yet would I not force thee, nor be heard upon thee, nor shut up; nor doom thee through thy fall; nor through thy coming out from light into darkness; nor yet through thy coining from the garden into this land.

14 "For I made thee of the light; and I willed to bring out children of light from thee and like unto thee.

15 "But thou didst not keep one day My commandment; until I had finished the creation and blessed everything in it.

16 "Then I commanded thee concerning the tree, that thou eat not thereof. Yet I knew that Satan, who deceived himself, would also deceive thee.

17 "So I made known to thee by means of the tree, not to come near him. And I told thee not to eat of the fruit thereof, nor to taste of it, nor yet to sit under it, nor to yield to it.

18 "Had I not been and spoken to thee, O Adam, concerning the tree, and had I left thee without a commandment, and thou hadst sinned--it would have been an offence on My part, for not having given thee any order; thou wouldst turn round and blame Me for it.

19 "But I commanded thee, and warned thee, and thou didst fall. So that My creatures cannot blame me; but the blame rests on them alone.

20 "And, O Adam, I have made the day for thee and for thy children after thee, for them to work, and toil therein. And I have made the night for them to rest in it from their work; and for the beasts of the field to go forth by night and seek their food.

21 "But little of darkness now remains, O Adam; and daylight will soon appear."



The earliest prophecy of the coming of Christ.

THEN Adam said unto God: "O Lord, take Thou my soul, and let me not see this gloom any more; or remove me to some place where there is no darkness."

2 But God the Lord said to Adam, "Verily I say unto thee, this darkness will pass from thee, every day I have determined for thee, until the fulfilment of My covenant; when I will save thee and bring thee back again into the garden, into the abode of light thou longest for, wherein is no darkness. I will bring thee, to it--in the kingdom of heaven."

3 Again said God unto Adam, "All this misery that thou hast been made to take upon thee because of thy transgression, will not free thee from the hand of Satan, and will not save thee.

4 "But I will. When I shall come down from heaven, and shall become flesh of thy seed, and take upon Me the infirmity from which thou sufferest, then the darkness that came upon thee in this cave shall come upon Me in the grave, when I am in the flesh of thy seed.

5 "And I, who am without years, shall be subject to the reckoning of years, of times, of months, and of days, and I shall be reckoned as one of the sons of men, in order to save thee."

6 And God ceased to commune with Adam.



THEN Adam and Eve wept and sorrowed by reason of God's word to them, that they should not return to the garden until the fulfilment of the days decreed upon them; but mostly because God had told them that He should suffer for their salvation.



The first sunrise. Adam and Eve think it is a fire coming to burn them.

AFTER this Adam and Eve ceased not to stand in the cave, praying and weeping, until the morning dawned upon them.

2 And when they saw the light returned to them, they restrained from fear, and strengthened their hearts.

3 Then Adam began to come out of the cave. And when he came to the mouth of it, and stood and turned his face towards the east, and saw the sun rise in glowing rays, and felt the heat thereof on his body, he was afraid of it, and thought in his heart that this flame came forth to plague him.

4 He wept then, and smote upon his breast, and fell upon the earth on his face, and made his request, saying:--

5 "O Lord, plague me not, neither consume me, nor yet take away my life from the earth."

6 For he thought the sun was God.

7 Inasmuch as while he was in the garden and heard the voice of God and the sound He made in the garden, and feared Him, Adam never saw the brilliant light of the sun, neither did the flaming heat thereof touch his body.

8 Therefore was he afraid of the sun when flaming rays of it reached him. He thought God meant to plague him therewith all the days He had decreed for him.

9 For Adam also said in his thoughts, as God did not plague us with darkness, behold, He has caused this sun to rise and to plague us with burning heat.

10 But while he was thus thinking in his heart, the Word of God came unto him and said:--

11 "O Adam, arise and stand up. This sun is not God; but it has been created to give light by day, of which I spake unto thee in the cave saying, 'that the dawn would break forth, and there would be light by day.'

12 "But I am God who comforted thee in the night."

13 And God ceased to commune with Adam.



The Chapter of the Serpent.

THEN Adam and Eve came out at the mouth of the cave, and went towards the garden.

2 But as they drew near to it, before the western gate, from which Satan came when he deceived Adam and Eve, they found the. serpent that became Satan coming at the gate, and sorrowfully licking the dust, and wriggling on its breast on the ground, by reason of the curse that fell upon it from God.

3 And whereas aforetime the serpent was the most exalted of all beasts, now it was changed and become slippery, and the meanest of them all, and it crept on its breast and went on its belly.

4 And whereas it was the fairest of all beasts, it had been changed, and was become the ugliest of them all. Instead of feeding on the best food, now it turned to eat the dust. Instead of dwelling, as before, in the best places, now it lived in the dust.

5 And, whereas it had been the most beautiful of all beasts, all of which stood dumb at its beauty, it was now abhorred of them.

6 And, again, whereas it dwelt in one beautiful abode, to which all other animals came from elsewhere; and where it drank, they drank also of the same; now, after it had become venomous, by reason of God's curse, all beasts fled from its abode, and would not drink of the water it drank; but fled from it.



The mortal combat with the serpent.

WHEN the accursed serpent saw Adam and Eve, it swelled its head, stood on its tail, and with eyes blood-red, did as if it would kill them.

2 It made straight for Eve, and ran after her; while Adam standing by, wept because he had no stick in his hand wherewith to smite the serpent, and knew not how to put it to death.

3 But with a heart burning for Eve, Adam approached the serpent, and held it by the tail; when it turned towards him and said unto him:--

4 "O Adam, because of thee and of Eve, I am slippery, and go upon my belly." Then by reason of its great strength, it threw down Adam and Eve and pressed upon them, as if it would kill them.

5 But God sent an angel who threw the serpent away from them, and raised them up.

6 Then the Word of God came to the serpent, and said unto it, "In the first instance I made thee glib, and made thee to go upon thy belly; but I did not deprive thee of speech.

7 "Now, however, be thou dumb; and speak no more, thou and thy race; because in the first place, has the ruin of my creatures happened through thee, and now thou wishest to kill them."

8 Then the serpent was struck dumb, and spake no more.

9 And a wind came to blow from heaven by command of God that carried away the serpent from Adam and Eve, threw it on the sea shore, and it landed in India.



Beasts made subject to Adam.

BUT Adam and Eve wept before God. And Adam said unto Him:--

2 "O Lord, when I was in the cave, I said this to Thee, my Lord, that the beasts of the field would rise and devour me, and cut off my life from the earth."

3 Then Adam, by reason of what had befallen him, smote upon his breast, and fell upon the earth like a corpse; then came to him the Word of God, who raised him, and said unto him,

4 "O Adam, not one of these beasts will be able to hurt thee; because when I made the beasts and other moving things come to thee in the cave, I did not let the serpent come with them, lest it should rise against you, make you tremble; and the fear of it should fall into your hearts.

5 "For I knew that that accursed one is wicked; therefore would I not let it come near you with the other beasts.

6 "But now strengthen thy heart and fear not. I am with thee unto the end of the days I have determined on thee."



Adam wishes to protect Eve.

THEN Adam wept and said, "O God, remove us to some other place, that the serpent may not come again near us, and rise against us. Lest it find Thy handmaid Eve alone and kill her; for its eyes are hideous and evil."

2 But God said to Adam and Eve, "Henceforth fear not, I will not let it come near you; I have driven it away from you, from this mountain; neither will I leave in it aught to hurt you."

3 Then Adam and Eve worshipped before God 'and gave Him thanks, and praised Him for having delivered them from death.



Adam and Eve attempt suicide.

THEN Adam and Eve went in search of the garden.

2 And the heat beat like a flame on their faces; and they sweated from the heat, and wept before the Lord.

3 But the place where they wept was nigh unto a high mountain, facing the western gate of the garden.

4 Then Adam threw himself down from the top of that mountain; his face was tom and his flesh was flayed; much blood flowed from him, and he was nigh unto death.

5 Meanwhile Eve remained standing on the mountain weeping over him, thus lying.

6 And she said, "I wish not to live after him; for all that he did to himself was through me."

7 Then she threw herself after him; and was torn and scotched by stones; and remained lying as dead.

8 But the merciful God, who looks upon His creatures, looked upon Adam and Eve as they lay dead, and He sent His Word unto them, and raised them.

9 And said to Adam, "O Adam, all this misery which thou hast wrought upon thyself, will not avail against My rule, neither will it alter the covenant of the 5500 years."



Adam in a chivalrous mood.

THEN Adam said to God, "I wither in the heat; I am faint from walking, and am loth of this world. And I know not when Thou wilt bring me out of it, to rest."

2 Then the Lord God said unto him, "O Adam, it cannot be at present, not until thou hast ended thy days. Then shall I bring thee out of this wretched land."

3 And Adam said to God, "While I was in the garden I knew neither heat, nor languor, neither moving about, nor trembling, nor fear; but now since I came to this land, all this affliction has come upon me."

4 Then God said to Adam, "So long as thou wast keeping My commandment, My light and My grace rested on thee. But when thou didst transgress My commandment, sorrow and misery befell thee in this land."

5 And Adam wept and said, "O Lord, do not cut me off for this, neither smite me with heavy plagues, nor yet repay me according to my sin; For we, of our own will, did transgress Thy commandment, and forsook Thy law, and sought to become gods like unto Thee, when Satan the enemy deceived us."

6 Then God said again unto Adam, "Because thou hast borne fear and trembling in this land, languor and suffering treading and walking about, going upon this mountain, and dying from it, I will take all this upon Myself in order to save thee."



Adam and Eve gird themselves and make the first altar ever built.

THEN Adam wept more and said, "O God, have mercy on me, so far as to take upon Thee, that which I will do."

2 But God took His Word from Adam and Eve.

3 Then Adam and Eve stood on their feet; and Adam said to Eve "Gird thyself, and I also will gird myself." And she girded herself, as Adam told her.

4 Then Adam and Eve took stones and placed them in the shape of an altar; and they took leaves from the trees outside the garden, with which they wiped, from the face of the rock, the blood they had spilled.

5 But that which had dropped on the sand, they took together with the dust wherewith it was mingled and offered it upon the altar as an offering unto God.

6 Then Adam and Eve stood under the altar and wept, thus entreating God, "Forgive us our trespass 1 and our sin, and look upon us with Thine eye of mercy. For when we were in the garden our praises and our hymns went up before Thee without ceasing.

7 "But when we came into this strange land, pure praise was no longer ours, nor righteous prayer, nor understanding hearts, nor sweet thoughts, nor just counsels, nor long discernment, nor upright feelings, neither is our bright nature left us. But our body is changed from the similitude in which it was at first, when we were created.

8 "Yet now look upon our blood which is offered upon these stones, and accept it at our hands, like the praise we used to sing unto Thee at first, when in the garden."

9 And Adam began to make more requests unto God.



A vivid prophecy of the life and death of Christ.

TEN the merciful God, good 'and lover of men, looked upon Adam and Eve, and upon their blood, which they had held up as an offering unto Him; without an order from Him for so doing. But He wondered at them; and accepted their offerings.

2 And God sent from His presence a bright fire, that consumed their offering.

3 He smelt the sweet savour of their offering, and showed them mercy.

4 Then came the Word of God to Adam, and said unto him, "O Adam, as thou hast shed thy blood, so will I shed My own blood when I become flesh of thy seed; and as thou didst die, O Adam, so also will I die. And as thou didst build an altar, so also will I make for thee an altar on the earth; and as thou didst offer thy blood upon it, so also will I offer My blood upon an altar on the earth.

5 "And as thou didst sue for forgiveness through that blood, so also will I make My blood forgiveness of sins, and blot out transgressions in it.

6 "And now, behold, I have accepted thy offering, O Adam, but the days of the covenant, wherein I have bound thee, are not fulfilled. When they are fulfilled, then will I bring thee back into the garden.

7 "Now, therefore, strengthen thy heart; and when sorrow comes upon thee, make Me an offering, and I will be favourable to thee."



God represented as merciful and loving. The establishing of worship.

BUT God knew that Adam had in his thoughts, that he should often kill himself and make an offering to Him of his blood.

2 Therefore did He say unto him, "O Adam, do not again kill thyself as thou didst, by throwing thyself down from that mountain."

3 But Adam said unto God, "It was in my mind to put an end to myself at once, for having transgressed Thy commandments, and for my having come out of the beautiful garden; and for the bright light of which Thou hast deprived me; and for the praises which poured forth from my mouth without ceasing, and for the light that covered me.

4 "Yet of Thy goodness, O God, do not away with me altogether; but be favourable to me every time I die, and bring me to life.

5 "And thereby it will be made known that Thou art a merciful God, who willest not that one should perish; who lovest not that one should fall; and who dost not condemn any one cruelly, badly, and by whole destruction."

6 Then Adam remained silent.

7 And the Word of God came unto him, and blessed him, and comforted him, and covenanted with him, that He would save him at the end of the days determined upon him.

8 This, then, was the first offering Adam made unto God; and so it became his custom to do.



A beautiful prophecy of eternal life and joy (v. 15). The fall of night.

THEN Adam took Eve, and they began to return to the Cave of Treasures where they dwelt. But when they neared it and saw it from afar, heavy sorrow fell upon Adam and Eve when they looked at it.

2 Then Adam said to Eve, "When we were on the mountain we were comforted by the Word of God that conversed with us; and the light that came from the east, shone over us.

3 "But now the Word of God is hidden from us; and the light that shone over us is so changed as to disappear, and let darkness and sorrow come upon us.

4 "And we are forced to enter this cave which is like a prison, wherein darkness covers us, so that we are parted from each other; and thou canst not see me, neither can I see thee."

5 When Adam had said these words, they wept and spread their hands before God; for they were full of sorrow.

6 And they entreated God to bring the sun to them, to shine on them, so that darkness return not upon them, and they come not again under this covering of rock. And they wished to die rather than see the darkness.

7 Then God looked upon Adam and Eve and upon their great sorrow, and upon all they had done with a fervent heart, on account of all the trouble they were in, instead of their former well-being, and on account of all the misery that came upon them in a strange land.

8 Therefore God was not wroth with them; nor impatient with them; but He was longsuffering and forbearing towards them, as towards the children He had created.

9 Then came the Word of God to Adam, and said unto him, "Adam, as for the sun, if I were to take it and bring it to thee, days, hours, years and months would all come to naught, and the covenant I have made with thee, would never be fulfilled.

10 "But thou shouldest then be turned and left in a long plague, and no salvation would be left to thee for ever.

11 "Yea, rather, bear long and calm thy soul while thou abidest night and day; until the fulfilment of the days, and the time of My covenant is come.

12 "Then shall I come and save thee, O Adam, for I do not wish that thou be afflicted.

13 "And when I look at all the good things in which thou didst live, and why thou camest out of them, then would I willingly show thee mercy.

14 "But I cannot alter the covenant that has gone out of My mouth; else would I have brought thee back into the garden.

15 "When, however, the covenant is fulfilled, then shall I show thee and thy seed mercy, and bring thee into a land of gladness, where there is neither sorrow nor suffering; but abiding joy and gladness, and light that never fails, and praises that never cease; and a beautiful garden that shall never pass away."

16 And God said again unto Adam, "Be long-suffering and enter the cave, for the darkness, of which thou wast afraid, shall only be twelve hours long; and when ended, light shall arise."

17 Then when Adam heard these words from God, he and Eve worshipped before Him, and their hearts were comforted. They returned into the cave after their custom, while tears flowed from their eyes, sorrow and wailing came from their hearts, and they wished their soul would leave their body.

18 And Adam and Eve stood praying, until the darkness of night came upon them, and Adam was hid from Eve, and she from him.

19 And they remained standing in prayer.



The second tempting of Adam and Eve. The devil takes on the form of a beguiling light.

WHEN Satan, the hater of all good, saw how they continued in prayer, and how God communed with them, and comforted them, and how He had accepted their offering--Satan made an apparition.

2 He began with transforming his hosts; in his hands was a flashing fire, and they were in a great light.

3 He then placed his throne near the mouth of the cave because he could not enter into it by reason of their prayers. And he shed light into the cave, until the cave glistened over Adam and Eve; while his hosts began to sing praises.

4 And Satan did this, in order that when Adam saw the light, he should think within himself that it was a heavenly light, and that Satan's hosts were angels; and that God had sent them to watch at the cave, and to give him light in the darkness.

5 So that when Adam came out of the cave and saw them, and Adam and Eve bowed to Satan, then he would overcome Adam thereby, and a second time humble him before God.

6 When, therefore, Adam and Eve saw the light, fancying it was real, they strengthened their hearts; yet, as they were trembling, Adam said to Eve:--

7 "Look at that great light, and at those many songs of praise, and at that host standing outside that do not come in to us, do not tell us what they say, or whence they come, or what is the meaning of this light; what those praises are; wherefore they have been sent hither, and why they do not come in.

8 "If they were from God, they would come to us in the cave, and would tell us their errand."

9 Then Adam stood up and prayed unto God with a fervent heart, and said:--

10 "O Lord, is there in the world another god than Thou, who created angels and filled them with light, and sent them to keep us, who would come with them?

11 "But, lo, we see these hosts that stand at the mouth of the cave; they are in a great light; they sing loud praises. If they are of some other god than Thou, tell me; and if they are sent by Thee, inform me of the reason for which Thou hast sent them."

12 No sooner had Adam said this, than an angel from God appeared unto him in the cave, who said unto him, "O Adam, fear not. This is Satan and his hosts; he wishes to deceive you as he deceived you at first. For the first time, he was hidden in the serpent; but this time he is come to you in the similitude of an angel of light; in order that, when you worshipped him, he might enthrall you, in the very presence of God."

13 Then the angel went from Adam, and seized Satan at the opening of the cave, and stripped him of the feint he had assumed, and brought him in his own hideous form to Adam and Eve; who were afraid of him when they saw him.

14 And the angel said to Adam, "This hideous form has been his ever since God made him fall from heaven. He could not have come near you in it; therefore did he transform himself into an angel of light."

15 Then the angel drove away Satan and his hosts from Adam and Eve, and said unto them, "Fear not; God who created you, will strengthen you."

16 And the angel went from them.

17 But Adam and Eve remained standing in the cave; no consolation came to them; they were divided in their thoughts.

18 And when it was morning they prayed; and then went out to seek the garden. For their hearts were towards it, and they could get no consolation for having left it.



The Devil pretends to lead Adam and Eve to the water to bathe.

BUT when the wily Satan saw them, that they were going to the garden, he gathered together his host, and came in appearance upon a cloud, intent on deceiving them.

2 But when Adam and Eve saw him thus in a vision, they thought they were angels of God come to comfort them about their having left the garden, or to bring them back again into it.

3 And Adam spread his hands unto God, beseeching Him to make him understand what they were.

4 Then Satan, the hater of all good, said unto Adam, "O Adam, I am an angel of the great God; and, behold the hosts that surround me.

5 "God has sent me and them to take thee and bring thee to the border of the garden northwards; to the shore of the clear sea, and bathe thee and Eve in it, and raise you to your former gladness, that ye return again to the garden."

6 These words sank into the heart of Adam and Eve.

7 Yet God withheld His Word from Adam, and did not make him understand at once, but waited to see his strength; whether he would be overcome as Eve was when in the garden, or whether he would prevail.

8 Then Satan called to Adam and Eve, and said, "Behold, we go to the sea of water," and they began to go.

9 And Adam and Eve followed them at some little distance.

10 But when they came to the mountain to the north of the garden, a very high mountain, without any steps to the top of it, the Devil drew near to Adam and Eve, and made them go up to the top in reality, and not in a vision; wishing, as he did, to throw them down and kill them, and to wipe off their name from the earth; so that this earth should remain to him and his hosts alone.



God tells Adam of the Devil's purpose. (v. 4).

BUT when the merciful God saw that Satan wished to kill Adam with his manifold devices, and saw that Adam was meek and without guile, God spake unto Satan in a loud voice, and cursed him.

2 Then he and his hosts fled, and Adam and Eve remained standing on the top of the mountain, whence they saw below them the wide world, high above which they were. But they saw none of the host which anon were by them.

3 They wept, both Adam and Eve, before God, and begged for forgiveness of Him.

4 Then came the Word from God to Adam, and said unto him, "Know thou and understand concerning this Satan, that he seeks to deceive thee and thy seed after thee."

5 And Adam wept before the Lord God, and begged and entreated Him to give him something from the garden, as a token to him, wherein to be comforted.

6 And God looked upon Adam's thought, and sent the angel Michael as far as the sea that reaches unto India, to take from thence golden rods and bring them to Adam.

7 This did God in His wisdom, in order that these golden rods, being with Adam in the cave, should shine forth with light in the night around him, and put an end to his fear of the darkness.

8 Then the angel Michael went down by God's order, took golden rods, as God had commanded him, and brought them to God.



Adam receives the first worldly goods.

AFTER these things, God commanded the angel Gabriel to go down to the garden, and say to the cherub who kept it, "Behold, God has commanded me to come into the garden, and to take thence sweet smelling incense, and give it to Adam."

2 Then the angel Gabriel went down by God's order to the garden, and told the cherub as God had commanded him.

3 The cherub then said, "Well." And Gabriel went in and took the incense.

4 Then God commanded His angel Raphael to go down to the garden, and speak to the cherub about some myrrh, to give to Adam.

5 And the angel Raphael went down and told the cherub as God had commanded him, and the cherub said, "Well." Then Raphael went in and took the myrrh.

6 The golden rods were from the Indian sea, where there are precious stones. The incense was from the eastern border of the garden; and the myrrh from the western border, whence bitterness came upon Adam.

7 And the angels brought these three things to God, by the Tree of Life, in the garden.

8 Then God said to the angels, "Dip them in the spring of water; then take them and sprinkle their water over Adam and Eve, that they be a little comforted in their sorrow, and give them to Adam and Eve.

9 And the angels did as God had commanded them, and they gave all those things to Adam and Eve on the top of the mountain upon which Satan had placed them, when he sought to make an end of them.

10 And when Adam saw the golden rods, the incense and the myrrh, he was rejoiced and wept because he thought that the gold was a token of the kingdom whence he had come, that the incense was a token of the bright light which had been taken from him, and that the myrrh was a token of the sorrow in which he was.




They make themselves more comfortable in the Cave of Treasures on the third day.

AFTER these things God said unto Adam, "Thou didst ask of Me something from the garden, to be comforted therewith, and I have given thee these three tokens as a consolation to thee; that thou trust in Me and in My covenant with thee.

2 "For I will come and save thee; and kings shall bring me when in the flesh, gold, incense and myrrh; gold as a token of My kingdom; incense as a token of My divinity; and myrrh as a token of My suffering and of My death.

3 "But, O Adam, put these by thee in the cave; the gold that it may shed light over thee by night; the incense, that thou smell its sweet savour; and the myrrh, to comfort thee in thy sorrow."

4 When Adam heard these words from God, he worshipped

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before Him. He and Eve worshipped Him and gave Him thanks, because He had dealt mercifully with them.

5 Then God commanded the three angels, Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, each to bring what he had brought, and give it to Adam. And they did so, one by one.

6 And God commanded Suriyel and Salathiel to bear up Adam and Eve, and bring them down from the top of the high mountain, and to take them to the Cave of Treasures.

7 There they laid the gold on the south side of the cave, the incense on the eastern side, and the myrrh on the western side. For the mouth of the cave was on the north side.

8 The angels then comforted Adam and Eve, and departed.

9 The gold was seventy rods; the incense, twelve pounds; and the myrrh, three pounds.

10 These remained by Adam in the House of Treasures; therefore was it called "of concealment." But other interpreters say it was called the "Cave of Treasures," by reason of the bodies of righteous men that were in it.

11 These three things did God give to Adam, on the third day after he had come out of the garden, in token of the three days the Lord should remain in the heart of the earth.

12 And these three things, as they continued with Adam in the cave, gave him light by night; and by day they gave him a little relief from his sorrow.



Adam and Eve go into the water to pray.

AND Adam and Eve remained in the Cave of Treasures until the seventh day; they neither ate of the fruit of the earth, nor drank water.

2 And when it dawned on the eighth day, Adam said to Eve, "O Eve, we prayed God to give us somewhat from the garden, and He sent His angels who brought us what we had desired.

3 "But now, arise, let us go to the sea of water we saw at first, and let us stand in it, praying that God will again be favourable to us and take us back to the garden; or give us something; or that He will give us comfort in some other land than this in which we are."

4 Then Adam and Eve came out of the cave, went and stood on the border of the sea in which they had before thrown themselves, and Adam said to Eve:--

5 "Come, go down into this place, and come not out of it until the end of thirty days, when I shall come to thee. And pray to God with fervent heart and a sweet voice, to forgive us.

6 "And I will go to another place, and go down into it, and do like thee."

7 Then Eve went down into the water, as Adam had commanded her. Adam also went down into the water; and they stood praying; and besought the Lord to forgive them their offence, and to restore them to their former state.

8 And they stood thus praying, unto the end of the five-and-thirty days.



Satan falsely promises the "bright light!'

BUT Satan, the hater of all good, sought them in the cave, but found them not, although he searched diligently for them.

2 But he found them standing in the water praying and thought within himself, "Adam and Eve are thus standing in that water beseeching God to forgive them their transgression,

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and to restore them to their former estate, and to take them from under my hand.

3 "But I will deceive them so that they shall come out of the water, and not fulfil their vow."

4 Then the hater of all good, went not to Adam, but be went to Eve, and took the form of an angel of God, praising and rejoicing, and said to her--

5 "Peace be unto thee! Be glad and rejoice! God is favourable unto you, and He sent me to Adam. I have brought him the glad tidings of salvation, and of his being filled with bright light as he was at first.

6 "And Adam, in his joy for his restoration, has sent me to thee, that thou come to me, in order that I crown thee with light like him.

7 "And he said to me, 'Speak unto Eve; if she does not come with thee, tell her of the sign when we were on the top of the mountain; how God sent His angels who took us and brought us to the Cave of Treasures; and laid the gold on the southern side; incense, on the eastern side; and myrrh on the western side.' Now come to him."

8 When Eve heard these words from him, she rejoiced greatly. And thinking that Satan's appearance was real, she came out of the sea.

9 He went before, and she followed him until they came to Adam. Then Satan hid himself from her, and she saw him no more.

10 She then came and stood before Adam, who was standing by the water and rejoicing in God's forgiveness.

11 And as she called to him, he turned round, found her there and wept when he saw her, and smote upon his breast; and from the bitterness of his grief, he sank into the water.

12 But God looked upon him and upon his misery, and upon his being about to breathe his last. And the Word of God came from heaven, raised him out of the water, and said unto him, "Go up the high bank to Eve." And when he came up to Eve he said unto her, "Who said to thee 'come hither'?"

13 Then she told him the discourse of the angel who had appeared unto her and had given her a sign.

14 But Adam grieved, and gave her to know it was Satan. He then took her and they both returned to the cave.

15 These things happened to them the second time they went down to the water, seven days after their coming out of the garden.

16 They fasted in the water thirty-five days; altogether forty-two days since they had left the garden.



Adam recalls the creation of Eve. He eloquently appeals for food and drink.

AND on the morning of the forty-third day, they came out of the cave, sorrowful and weeping. Their bodies were lean, and they were parched from hunger and thirst, from fasting and praying, and from their heavy sorrow on account of their transgression.

2 And when they had come out of the cave they went up the mountain to the west of the garden.

3 There they stood and prayed and besought God to grant them forgiveness of their sins.

4 And after their prayers Adam began to entreat 'God, saying, "O my Lord my God, and my Creator, thou didst command the four elements to be gathered together, and they were gathered together by Thine order.

5 "Then Thou spreadest Thy

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hand and didst create me out of one element, that of dust of the earth; and Thou didst bring me into the garden at the third hour, on a Friday, and didst inform me of it in the cave.

6 "Then, at first, I knew neither night nor day, for I had a bright nature; neither did the light in which I lived ever leave me to know night or day.

7 "Then, again, O Lord, in that third hour in which Thou didst create me, Thou broughtest to me all beasts, and lions, and ostriches, and fowls of the air, and all things that move in the earth, which Thou hadst created at the first hour before me of the Friday.

8 "And Thy will was that I should name them all, one by one, with a suitable name. But Thou gavest me understanding and knowledge, and a pure heart and a right mind from Thee, that I should name them after Thine own mind regarding the naming of them.

9 "O God, Thou madest them obedient to me, and didst order that not one of them break from my sway, according to Thy commandment, and to the dominion which Thou hast given me over them. But now they are all estranged from me.

10 "Then it was in that third hour of Friday, in which Thou didst create me, and didst command me concerning the tree, to which I was neither to draw near, nor to eat thereof; for Thou saidst to me in the garden, 'When thou eatest of it, of death thou shalt die.'

11 "And if Thou hadst punished me as Thou saidst, with death, I should have died that very moment.

12 "Moreover, when Thou commandedst me regarding the tree, I was neither to approach nor to cat thereof, Eve was not with me; Thou hadst not Yet created her, neither hadst Thou yet taken her out of my side; nor had she yet heard this order from Thee.

13 "Then, at the end of the third hour of that Friday, O Lord, Thou didst cause a slumber and a sleep to come over me, and I slept, and was overwhelmed in sleep.

14 "Then Thou didst draw a rib out of my side, and created it after my own similitude and image. Then I awoke; and when I saw her and knew who she was, I said, 'This is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; henceforth she shall be called woman.'

15 "It was of Thy good will, O God, that Thou broughtest a slumber and a sleep over me, and that Thou didst forthwith bring Eve out of my side, until she was out, so that I did not see how she was made; neither could I witness, O my Lord, how awful and great are Thy goodness and glory.

16 "And of Thy goodwill, O Lord, Thou madest us both with bodies of a bright nature, and Thou madest us two, one; and Thou gavest us Thy grace, and didst fill us with praises of the Holy Spirit; that we should be neither hungry nor thirsty, nor know what sorrow is, nor yet faintness of heart; neither suffering, fasting, nor weariness.

17 "But now, O God, since we transgressed Thy commandment and broke Thy law, Thou hast brought us out into a strange land, and has caused suffering, and faintness, hunger and thirst to come upon us.

1S "Now, therefore, O God, we pray Thee, give us something to eat from the garden, to satisfy our hunger with it; and something wherewith to quench our thirst.

19 "For, behold, many days, O God, we have tasted nothing and drunk nothing, and our flesh is dried up, and our

p. 25

strength is wasted, and sleep is gone from our eyes from faintness and weeping.

20 "Then, O God, we dare not gather aught of the fruit of trees, from fear of Thee. For when we transgressed at first Thou didst spare us, and didst not make us die.

21 "But now, we thought in our hearts, if we eat of the fruit of trees, without God's order, He will destroy us this time, and will wipe us off from the face of the earth.

22 "And if we drink of this water, without God's order, He will make an end of us, and root us up at once.

23 "Now, therefore, O God, that I am come to this place with Eve, we beg Thou wilt give us of the fruit of the garden, that we may be satisfied with it.

24 "For we desire the fruit that is on the earth, and all else that we lack in it."



God's reply.

THEN God looked again upon Adam and his weeping and groaning, and the Word of God came to him, and said unto him:--

2 "O Adam, when thou wast in My garden, thou knewest neither eating nor drinking; neither faintness nor suffering; neither leanness of flesh, nor change; neither did sleep depart from thine eyes. But since thou transgressedst, and camest into this strange land, all these trials are come upon thee."




THEN God commanded the cherub, who kept the gate of the garden with a sword of fire in his hand, to take some of the fruit of the fig-tree, and to give it to Adam.

2 The cherub obeyed the command of the Lord God, and went into the garden and brought two figs on two twigs, each fig hanging to its leaf; they were from two of the trees among which Adam and Eve hid themselves when God went to walk in the garden, and the Word of God came to Adam and Eve and said unto them, "Adam, Adam, where art thou?"

3 And Adam answered, "O God, here am I. When I heard the sound of Thee and Thy voice, I hid myself, because I am naked."

4 Then the cherub took two figs and brought them to Adam and Eve. But he threw them to them from afar; for they might not come near the cherub by reason of their flesh, that could not come near the fire.

5 At first, angels trembled at the presence of Adam and were afraid of him. But now Adam trembled before the angels and was afraid of them.

6 Then Adam drew near and took one fig, and Eve also came in turn and took the other.

7 And as they took them up in their hands, they looked at them, and knew they were from the trees among which they had hidden them elves.



Forty-three days of penance do not redeem one hour of sin (v. 6).

THEN Adam said to Eve, "Seest thou not these figs and their leaves, with which we covered ourselves when we were stripped of our bright nature? But now, we know not what misery and suffering may come upon us from eating them.

2 "Now, therefore, O Eve, let us restrain ourselves and not eat of them, thou and I; and let us ask God to give us of the fruit of the Tree of Life."

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3 Thus did Adam and Eve restrain themselves, and did not eat of these figs.

4 But Adam began to pray to God and to beseech Him to give him of the fruit of the Tree of Life, saying thus: "O God, when we transgressed Thy commandment at the sixth hour of Friday, we were stripped of the bright nature we had, and did not continue in the garden after our transgression, more than three hours.

5 "But on the evening Thou madest us come out of it. O God, we transgressed against Thee one hour, and all these trials and sorrows have come upon us until this day.

6 "And those days together with this the forty-third day, do not redeem that one hour in which we transgressed!

7 "O God, look upon us with an eye of pity, and do not requite us according to our transgression of Thy commandment, in presence of Thee.

8 "O, God, give us of the fruit of the Tree of Life, that we may eat of it, and live, and turn not to see sufferings and other trouble, in this earth; for Thou art God.

9 "When we transgressed Thy commandment, Thou madest us come out of the garden, and didst send a cherub to keep the Tree of Life, lest we should eat thereof, and live; and know nothing of faintness after we transgressed.

10 "But now, O Lord, behold, we have endured all these days, and have borne sufferings. Make these forty-three days an equivalent for the one hour in which we transgressed."



"When 5500 years are fulfilled . . . ."

AFTER these things the Word of God came to Adam, and said unto him:--

2 "O Adam, as to the fruit of the Tree of Life, for which thou askest, I will not give it thee now, but when the 5500 years are fulfilled. Then will I give thee of the fruit of the Tree of Life, and thou shalt eat, and live for ever, thou, and Eve, and thy righteous seed.

3 "But these forty-three days cannot make amends for the hour in which thou didst transgress My commandment.

4 "O Adam, I gave thee to eat of the fig-tree in which thou didst hide thyself. Go and eat of it, thou and Eve.

5 "I will not deny thy request, neither will I disappoint thy hope; therefore, bear up unto the fulfilment of the covenant I made with thee."

6 And God withdrew His Word from Adam.




Adam is cautious--but too late.

THEN Adam returned to Eve, and said to her, "Arise, and take a fig for thyself, and I will take another; and let us go to our cave."

2 Then Adam and Eve took each a fig and went towards the cave; the time was about the setting of the sun; and their thoughts made them long to eat of the fruit.

3 But Adam said to Eve, "I am afraid to eat of this fig. I know not what may come upon me from it."

4 So Adam wept, and stood praying before God, saying, "Satisfy my hunger, without my having to eat this fig; for after I have eaten it, what will it profit me? And what shall I desire and ask of Thee, O God, when it is gone?"

5 And he said again, "I am afraid to eat of it; for I know not what will befall me through it."



The first Human hunger.

THEN the Word of God came to Adam, and said unto him, "O, Adam, why hadst thou not this dread, neither this fasting, nor this care ere this? And why hadst thou not this fear before thou didst transgress?

2 "But when thou camest to dwell in this strange land, thy animal body could not be on earth without earthly food, to strengthen it and to restore its powers."

3 And God withdrew His Word from Adam.



The first Human thirst.

THEN Adam took the fig, and laid it on the golden rods. Eve also took her fig, and put it upon the incense.

2 And the weight of each fig was that of a water-melon; for the fruit of the garden was much larger than the fruit of this land.

3 But Adam and Eve remained standing and fasting the whole of that night, until the morning dawned.

4 When the sun rose they were at their prayers, and Adam said to Eve, after they had done praying:--

5 "O Eve, come, let us go to the border of the garden looking south; to the place whence the river flows, and is parted into four heads. There we will pray to God, and ask Him to give us to drink of the Water of Life.

6 "For God has not fed us with the Tree of Life, in order that we may not live. We will, therefore, ask him to give us of the Water of Life, and to quench our thirst with it, rather than with a drink of water of this land."

7 When Eve heard these words from Adam, she agreed; and they both arose and came to the southern border of the garden, upon the brink of the river of water at some little distance from the garden.

8 And they stood and prayed before the Lord, and asked Him to look upon them this once, to forgive them, and to grant them their request.

9 After this prayer from both of them, Adam began to pray with his voice before God, and said:--

10 "O Lord, when I was in the garden and saw the water that flowed from under the Tree of Life, my heart did not desire, neither did my body require to drink of it; neither did I know thirst, for I was living; and above that which I am now.

11 "So that in order to live I did not require any Food of Life, neither did I drink of the Water of Life.

12 "But now, O God, I am dead; my flesh is parched with thirst. Give me of the Water of Life that I may drink of it and live.

13 "Of Thy mercy, O God, save me from these plagues and trials, and bring me into another land different from this, if Thou wilt not let me dwell in Thy garden."



A promise of the Water of Life. The third prophecy of the coming of Christ.

THEN came the Word of God to Adam, and said unto him:--

2 "O Adam, as to what thou sayest, 'Bring me into a land where there is rest,' it is not another land than this, but it is the kingdom of heaven where alone there is rest.

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3 "But thou canst not make thy entrance into it at present; but only after thy judgment is past and fulfilled.

4 "Then will I make thee go up into the kingdom of heaven, thee and thy righteous seed; and I will give thee and them the rest thou askest for at present.

5 "And if thou saidst, 'Give me of the Water of Life that I may drink and live'--it cannot be this day, but on the day that I shall descend into hell, and break the gates of brass, and bruise in pieces the kingdoms of iron.

6 "Then will I in mercy save thy soul and the souls of the righteous, to give them rest in My garden. And that shall be when the end of the world is come.

7 "And, again, as regards the Water of Life thou seekest, it will not be granted thee this day; but on the day that I shall shed My blood upon thy head in the land of Golgotha.

8 "For My blood shall be the Water of Life unto thee, at that time, and not to thee alone, but unto all those of thy seed who shall believe in Me; that it be unto them for rest for ever."

9 The Lord said again unto Adam, "O Adam, when thou wast in the garden, these trials did not come to thee

10 "But since thou didst transgress My commandment, all these sufferings have come upon thee.

11. "Now, also, does thy flesh require food and drink; drink then of that water that flows by thee on the face of the earth."

12 Then God withdrew His Word from Adam.

13 And Adam and Eve worshipped the Lord, and returned from the river of water to the cave. It was noon-day; and when they drew near to the cave, they saw a large fire by it.



The Devil attempts arson.

THEN Adam and Eve were afraid, and stood still. And Adam said to Eve, "What is that fire by our cave? We do nothing in it to bring about this fire.

2 "We neither have bread to bake therein, nor broth to cook there. As to this fire, we know not the like, neither do we know what to call it.

3 "But ever since God sent the cherub with a sword of fire that flashed and lightened in his hand, from fear of which we fell down and were like corpses, have we not seen the like.

4 "But now O Eve, behold, this is the same fire that was in the cherub's hand, which God has sent to keep the cave in which we dwell.

5 "O Eve, it is because God is angry with us, and will drive us from it.

6 "O Eve, we have again transgressed His commandment in that cave, so that He had sent this fire to burn around it, and to prevent us from going into it.

7 "If this be really so, O Eve, where shall we dwell? And whither shall we flee from before the face of the Lord? Since, as regards the garden, He will not let us abide in it, and He has deprived us of the good things thereof; but He has placed us in this cave, in which we have borne darkness, trials and hardships, until at last we found comfort therein.

8 "But now that He has brought us out into another land, who knows what may happen in it? And who knows but that the darkness of that land may be far greater than the darkness of this land?

9 "Who knows what may happen in that land by day or by night? And who knows whether it will be far or near, O Eve? Where it will please God to put us, may be far from the garden, O Eve! or where God will prevent us from beholding Him, because we have transgressed His commandment, and because we have made requests unto Him at all times?

10 "O Eve, if God will bring us into a strange land other than this, in which we find consolation, it must be to put our souls to death, and blot out our name from the face of the earth.

11 "O Eve, if we are farther estranged from the garden and from God, where shall we find Him again, and ask Him to give us gold, incense, myrrh, and some fruit of the fig-tree?

12 "Where shall we find Him, to comfort us a second time? Where shall we find Him, that He may think of us, as regards the covenant He has made on our behalf T'

13 Then Adam said no more. And they kept looking, he and Eve, towards the cave, and at the fire that flared up around it.

14 But that fire was from Satan. For he had gathered trees and dry grasses, and had carried and brought them to the cave, and had set fire to them, in order to consume the cave and--what was in it.

15 So that Adam and Eve should be left in sorrow, and he should cut off their trust in God, and make them deny Him.

16 But by the mercy of God he could not burn the cave, for God sent His angel round the cave to guard it from such a fire, until it went out.

17 And this fire lasted from noon-day until the break of day. That was the forty-fifth day.



The power of fire over man.

YET Adam and Eve were standing and looking at the fire, and unable to come near the cave from their dread of the fire.

2 And Satan kept on bringing trees and throwing them into the fire, until the flame thereof rose up on high, and covered the whole cave, thinking, as he did in his own mind, to consume the cave with much fire. But the angel of the Lord was guarding it.

3 And yet he could not curse Satan, nor injure him by word, because he had no authority over him, neither did he take to doing so with words from his mouth.

4 Therefore did the angel bear with him, without saying one bad word until the Word of God came who said to Satan, "Go hence; once before didst thou deceive My servants, and this time thou seekest to destroy them.

5 "Were it not for My mercy I would have destroyed thee and thy hosts from off the earth. But I have had patience with thee, unto the end of the world."

6 Then Satan fled from before the Lord. But the fire went on burning around the cave like a coal-fire the whole day; which was the forty-sixth day Adam and Eve had spent since they came out of the garden.

7 And when Adam and Eve saw that the heat of the fire had somewhat cooled down, they began to walk towards the cave to get into it as they were wont; but they could not, by reason of the heat of the fire.

8 Then they both took to weeping because of the fire that made separation between them and the cave, and that drew towards them, burning. And they were afraid.

9 Then Adam said to Eve, "See this fire of which we have a portion in us: which formerly yielded to us, but no longer does so, now that we have transgressed the limit of creation, and changed our condition, and our nature is altered. But the fire is not changed in its nature, nor altered from its creation. Therefore has it now power over us; and when we come near it, it scorches our flesh."



Why Satan didn't fulfil his promises.

THEN Adam rose and prayed unto God, saying, "See, this fire has made separation between us and the cave in which Thou hast commanded us to dwell; but now, behold, we cannot go into it."

2 Then God heard Adam, and sent him His Word, that said:--

3 "O Adam, see this fire! how different the flame and heat thereof are from the garden of delights and the good things in it!

4 "When thou wast under My control, all creatures yielded to thee; but after thou hast transgressed My commandment, they all rise over thee."

5 Again said God unto him, "See, O Adam, how Satan has exalted thee! He has deprived thee of the Godhead, and of an exalted state like unto Me, and has not kept his word to thee; but, after all, is become thy foe. It is he who made this fire in which he meant to burn thee and Eve.

6 "Why, O Adam, has he not kept his agreement with thee, not even one day; but has deprived thee of the glory that was on thee--when thou didst yield to his command?

7 "Thinkest thou, Adam, that he loved thee when he made this agreement with thee? Or, that he loved thee and wished to raise thee on high?

8 "But no, Adam, he did not do all that out of love to thee; but he wished to make thee come out of light into darkness, and from an exalted state to degradation; from glory to abasement; from joy to sorrow; and from rest to fasting and fainting."

9 God said also to Adam, "See this fire kindled by Satan around thy cave; see this wonder that surrounds thee; and know that it will encompass about both thee and thy seed, when ye hearken to his behest; that he will plague you with fire; and that ye shall go down into hell after ye are dead.

10 "Then shall ye see the burning of his fire, that will thus be burning around you and your seed. There shall be no deliverance from it for you, but at My coming; in like manner as thou canst not now go into thy cave, by reason of the great fire around it; not until My Word shall come that will make a way for thee on the day My covenant is fulfilled.

11 "There is no way for thee at present to come from hence to rest, not until My Word comes, who is My Word. Then will He make a way for thee, and thou shalt have rest." Then God called with His Word to that fire that burned around the cave, that it part itself asunder, until Adam had gone through it. Then the fire parted itself by God's order, and a way was made for Adam.

12 And God withdrew His Word from Adam.



"How many times have I delivered thee out of his hand . . ."

THEN Adam and Eve began again to come into the cave. And when they came to the way between the fire, Satan blew into the fire like a whirlwind, and made on Adam and Eve a burning coal-fire; so that their bodies were singed; and the coal-fire scorched them.

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2 And from the burning of the fire Adam and Eve cried aloud, and said, "O Lord, save us! Leave us not to be consumed and plagued by this burning fire; neither require us for having transgressed Thy commandment."

3 Then God looked upon their bodies, on which Satan had caused fire to bum, and God sent His angel that stayed the burning fire. But the wounds remained on their bodies.

4 And God said unto Adam, "See Satan's love for thee, who pretended to give thee the Godhead and greatness; and, behold, he burns thee with fire, and seeks to destroy thee from off the earth.

5 "Then look at Me, O Adam; I created thee, and how many times have I delivered thee out of his hand? If not, would he not have destroyed thee?"

6 God said again to Eve, "What is that he promised thee in the garden, saying, 'At the time ye shall eat of the tree, your eyes will be opened, and you shall become like gods, knowing good and evil.' But lo! he has burnt your bodies with fire, and has made you taste the taste of fire, for the taste of the garden; and has made you see the burning of fire, and the evil thereof, and the power it has over you.

7 "Your eyes have seen the good he has taken from you, and in truth he has opened your eyes; and you have seen the garden in which ye were with Me, and ye have also seen the evil that has come upon you from Satan. But as to the Godhead he cannot give it you, neither fulfil his speech to you. Nay, he was bitter against you and your seed, that will come after you."

8 And God withdrew His Word from them.



The Devil's own Scheming.

THEN Adam and Eve came into the cave, yet trembling at the fire that had scorched their bodies. So Adam said to Eve:--

2 "Lo, the fire has burnt our flesh in this world; but how will it be when we are dead, and Satan shall punish our souls? Is not our deliverance long and far off, unless God come, and in mercy to us fulfil His promise?"

3 Then Adam and Eve passed into the cave, blessing themselves for coming into it once more. For it was in their thoughts, that they never should enter it, when they saw the fire around it.

4 But as the sun was setting the fire was still burning and nearing Adam and Eve in the cave, so that they could not sleep in it. After the sun had set, they went out of it. This was the forty-seventh day after they came out of the garden.

5 Adam and Eve then came under the top of hill by the garden to sleep, as they were wont.

6 And they stood and prayed God to forgive them their sins, and then fell asleep under the summit of the mountain.

7 But Satan, the hater of all good, thought within himself: Whereas God has promised salvation to Adam by covenant, and that He would deliver him out of all the hardships that have befallen him-but has not promised me by covenant, and will not deliver me out of my hardships; nay, since He has promised him that He should make him and his seed dwell in the kingdom in which I once was--I will kill Adam.

8 The earth shall be rid of him; and shall be left to me alone; so that when he is dead he may not have any seed left to inherit the kingdom that shall remain my own realm; God will then be in want of me, and He will restore me to it with my hosts.



Fifth apparition of Satan to Adam and Eve.

AFTER this Satan called to his hosts, all of which came to him, and said unto him:--

2 "O, our Lord, what wilt thou do?"

3 He then said unto them, "Ye know that this Adam, whom God created out of the dust, is he who has taken our kingdom. Come, let us gather together and kill him; or hurl a rock at him and at Eve, and crush them under it."

4 When Satan's hosts heard these words, they came to the part of the mountain where Adam and Eve were asleep.

5 Then Satan and his hosts took a huge rock, broad and even, and without blemish, thinking within himself, "If there should be a hole in the rock, when it fell on them, the hole in the rock might come upon them, and so they would escape and not die."

6 He then said to his hosts, "Take up this stone, and throw it flat upon them, so that it roll not from them to somewhere else. And when ye have hurled it, flee and tarry not."

7 And they did as he bid them. But as the rock fell down from the mountain upon Adam and Eve, God commanded it to become a kind of shed over them, that did them no harm. And so it was by God's order.

8 But when the rock fell, the whole earth quaked with it, and. was shaken from the size of the rock.

9 And as it quaked and shook, Adam and Eve awoke from sleep, and found themselves under a rock like a shed. But they knew not how it was; for when they fell asleep they were under the sky, and not under a shed; and when they saw it, they were afraid.

10 Then Adam said to Eve, "Wherefore has the mountain bent itself, and the earth quaked and shaken on our account? And why has this rock spread itself over us like a tent?

11 "Does God intend to plague us and to shut us up in this prison? Or will He close the earth upon us?

12 "He is angry with us for our having come out of the cave without His order; and for our having done so of our own accord, without consulting Him, when we left the cave and came to this place."

13 Then Eve said, "If, indeed, the earth quaked for our sake, and this rock forms a tent over us because of our transgression, then woe be to us, O Adam, for our punishment will be long.

14 "But arise and pray Ito God to let us know concerning this, and what this rock is, that is spread over us like a tent."

15 Then Adam stood up and prayed before the Lord, to let him know about this strait. And Adam thus stood praying until the morning.



The first prophecy of the Resurrection.

THEN the Word of God came and said:--

2 "O Adam, who counselled thee, when thou earnest out of the cave, to come to this place?"

3 And Adam said unto God, "O Lord, we came to this place because of the heat of the fire, that came upon us inside the cave."

4 Then the Lord God saidunto Adam, "O Adam, thou dreadest the heat of fire for one night, but how will it be when thou dwellest in hell?

5 "Yet, O Adam, fear not, neither say in thy heart that I have spread this rock as an awning over thee, to plague thee therewith.

6 "It came from Satan, who had promised thee the Godhead and majesty. It is he who threw down this rock to kill thee under it, and Eve with thee, and thus to prevent you from living upon the earth.

7 "But, in mercy for you, just as that rock was falling down upon you, I commanded it to form an awning over you; and the rock under you, to lower itself.

8 "And this sign, O Adam, will happen to Me at My coming upon earth: Satan will raise the people of the Jews Jo put Me to death; and they will lay Me in a rock, and seal a large stone upon Me, and I shall remain within that rock three days and three nights.

9 "But on the third day I shall rise again, and it shall be salvation to thee, O Adam, and to thy seed, to believe in Me. But, O Adam, I will not bring thee from under this rock until three days and three nights are passed."

10 And God withdrew His Word from Adam.

11 But Adam and Eve abode under the rock three days and three nights, as God had told them.

12 And God did so to them because they had left their cave and had come to this same place without God's order.

13 But, after three days and three nights, God opened the rock and brought them out from under it. Their flesh was dried up, and their eyes and their hearts were troubled from weeping and sorrow.



Adam and Eve seek to cover their nakedness.

THEN Adam and Eve went forth and came into the Cave of Treasures, and they stood praying in it the whole of that day, until the evening.

2 And this took place at the end of fifty days after they had left the garden.

3 But Adam and Eve rose again and prayed to God in the cave the whole of that night, and begged for mercy from Him.

4 And when the day dawned, Adam said unto Eve, "Come! let us go and do some work for our bodies."

5 So they went out of the cave, and came to the northern border of the garden, and they sought something to cover their bodies withal. But they found nothing, and knew not how to do the work. Yet their bodies were stained, and they were speechless from cold and heat.

6 Then Adam stood and asked God to show him something wherewith to cover their bodies.

7 Then came the Word of God and said unto him, "O Adam, take Eve and come to the seashore, where ye fasted before. There ye shall find skins of sheep, whose flesh was devoured by lions, and whose skins were left. Take them and make raiment for yourselves, and clothe yourselves withal."



"What is his beauty that you should have followed him?"

WHEN Adam heard these words from God, he took Eve and removed from the northern end of the garden to the south of it, by the river of water, where they once fasted.

2 But as they were going in the way, and before they reached that place, Satan, the wicked one, had heard the Word of God communing with Adam respecting his covering.

3 It grieved him, and he hastened to the place where the sheep-skins were, with the intention of taking them and throwing them into the sea, or of burning them with fire, that Adam and Eve should not find them.

4 But as he was about to take them, the Word of God came from heaven, and bound him by the side of those skins until Adam and Eve came near him. But as they neared him they were afraid of him, and of his hideous look.

5 Then came the Word of God to Adam and Eve, and said to them, "This is he who was hidden in the serpent, and who deceived you, and stripped you of the garment of light and glory in which you were.

6 "This is he who promised you majesty and divinity. Where, then, is the beauty that was on him? Where is his divinity? Where is his light? Where is the glory that rested on him?

7 "Now his figure is hideous; he is become abominable among angels; and he has come to be called Satan.

8 "O Adam I he wished to take from you this earthly garment of sheep-skins, and to destroy it, and not let you be covered with it.

9 "What, then, is his beauty that you should have followed him? And what have you gained by hearkening to him? See his evil works and then look at Me; at Me, your Creator, and at the good deeds I do you.

10 "See, I bound him until you came and saw him and beheld his weakness, that no power is left with him."

11 And God released him from his bonds.



Adam and Eve sew the first shirt.

AFTER this Adam and Eve said no more, but wept before God on account of their creation, and of their bodies that required an earthly covering.

2 Then Adam said unto Eve, "O Eve, this is the skin of beasts with which we shall be covered. But when we have put it on, behold, a token of death shall have come upon us, inasmuch as the owners of these skins have died, and have wasted away. So also shall we die, and pass away."

3 Then Adam and Eve took the skins, and went back to the Cave of Treasures; and when in it, they stood and prayed as they were wont.

4 And they thought how they could make garments of those skins; for they had no skill for it.

5 Then God sent to them His angel to show them how to work it out. And the angel said to Adam, "Go forth, and bring some palm-thorns." Then Adam went out, and brought some, as the angel had commanded him.

6 Then the angel began before them to work out the skins, after the manner of one who prepares a shirt. And he took the thorns and stuck them into the skins, before their eyes.

7 Then the angel again stood up and prayed God that the thorns in those skins should be hidden, so as to be, as it were, sewn with one thread.

8 And so it was, by God's order; they became garments for Adam and Eve, and He clothed them withal.

9 From that time the nakedness of their bodies was covered from the sight of each other's eyes.

10 And this happened at the end of the fifty-first day.

11 Then when Adam's and Eve's bodies were covered, they stood and prayed, and sought mercy of the Lord, and forgiveness, and gave Him thanks for that He had had mercy on them, and had covered their nakedness. And they ceased not from prayer the whole of that night.

12 Then when the mom dawned at the rising of the sun, they said their prayers after their custom; and then went out of the cave.

13 And Adam said unto Eve, "Since we know not what there is to the westward of this cave, let us go forth and see it to-day." Then they came forth and went towards the western border.



The prophecy of the Western Lands.

THEY were not very far from the cave, when Satan came towards them, and hid himself between them and the cave, under the form of two ravenous lions three days without food, that came towards Adam and Eve, as if to break them in pieces and devour them.

2 Then Adam and Eve wept, and prayed God to deliver them from their paws.

3 Then the Word of God came to them, and drove away the lions from them.

4 And God said unto Adam, "O Adam, what seekest thou on the western border? And why hast thou left of thine own accord the eastern border, in which was thy dwelling-place?

5 "Now, then, turn back to thy cave, and remain in it, that Satan do not deceive thee, nor work his purpose upon thee.

6 "For in this western border, O Adam, there will go from thee a seed, that shall replenish it; and that will defile themselves with their sins, and with their yielding to the behests of Satan, and by following his works.

7 "Therefore will I bring upon them the waters of a flood, and overwhelm them all. But I will deliver what is left of the righteous among them; and I will bring them to a distant land, and the land in which thou dwellest now shall remain desolate and without one inhabitant in it."

8 After God had thus discoursed to them, they went back to the Cave of Treasures. But their flesh was dried up, and their strength failed from fasting and praying, and from the sorrow they felt at having trespassed against God.



Adam and Eve go exploring.

THEN Adam and Eve stood up in the cave and prayed the whole of that night until the morning dawned. And when the sun was risen they both went out of the cave; their heads wandering from heaviness of sorrow, and they not knowing whither they went.

2 And they walked thus unto the southern border of the garden. And they began to go up that border until they came to the eastern border beyond which there was no farther space.

3 And the cherub who guarded the garden was standing at the western gate, and guarding it against Adam and Eve, lest they should suddenly come into the garden. And the cherub turned round, as if to put them to death; according to the commandment God had given him.

4 When Adam and Eve came to the eastern border of the garden--thinking in their hearts that the cherub was not watching--as they were standing by the gate as if wishing to go in, suddenly came the cherub with a flashing sword of fire in his hand; and when he saw them, he went forth to kill them. For he was afraid lest God should destroy him if they went into the garden without His order.

5 And the sword of the cherub seemed to flame afar off. But when he raised it over Adam and Eve, the flame thereof did not flash forth.

6 Therefore did the cherub think that God was favourable to them, and was bringing them back into the garden. And the cherub stood wondering.

7 He could not go up to Heaven to ascertain God's order regarding their getting into the garden; he therefore abode standing by them, unable as he was to part from them; for he was afraid lest they should enter the garden without leave from God, who then would destroy him.

8 When Adam and Eve saw the cherub coming towards them with a flaming sword of fire in his hand, they fell on their faces from fear, and were as dead.

9 At that time the heavens and the earth shook; and other cherubim came down from heaven to the cherub who guarded the garden, and saw him amazed and silent.

10 Then, again, other angels came down nigh unto the place where Adam and Eve were. They were divided between joy and sorrow.

11 They were glad, because they thought that God was favourable to Adam, and wished him to return to the garden; and wished to restore him to the gladness he once enjoyed.

12 But they sorrowed over Adam, because he was fallen like a dead man, he and Eve; and they said in their thoughts, "Adam has not died in this place; but God has put him to death, for his having come to this place, and wishing to get into the garden without His leave."



The Conflict of Satan.

THEN came the Word of God to Adam and Eve, and raised them from their dead state, saying unto them, "Why came ye up hither? Dr, you intend to go into the garden, from which I brought you out? it can not be to-day; but only when the covenant I have made with you is fulfilled."

2 Then Adam, when he heard the Word of God, and the fluttering of the angels whom he did not see, but only heard the sound of them with his ears, he and Eve wept, and said to the angels:--

3 "O Spirits, who wait upon God, look upon me, and upon my being unable to see you! For when I was in my former bright nature) then I could see you. I sang praises as you do; and my heart was far above you.

4 "But now, that I have transgressed, that bright nature is gone from me, and I am come to this miserable state. And now am I come to this, that I cannot see you, and you do not serve me As you were wont. For I am become animal flesh.

5 "Yet now O angels of God, ask God with me, to restore me to that wherein I was formerly; to rescue me from this misery, and to remove from me the sentence of death He passed upon me, for having trespassed against Him."

6 Then, when the angels heard these words, they all grieved over him; and cursed Satan who had beguiled Adam, until he came from the garden to misery; from life to death; from peace to trouble; and from gladness to a strange land.

7 Then the angels said unto Adam, "Thou didst hearken to Satan, and didst forsake the Word of God who created thee; and thou didst believe that Satan would fulfil all he had promised thee.

8 "But now, O Adam, we will make known to thee, what came upon us through him, before his fall from heaven.

9 "He gathered together his hosts, and deceived them, promising them to give them a great kingdom, a divine nature; and other promises he made them.

10 "His hosts believed that. his word was true, so they yielded to him, and renounced the glory of God.

11 "He then sent for us according to the orders in which we were-to come under his command, and to hearken to his vain promise. But we would not, and we took not his advice.

12 "Then after he had fought with God, and had dealt forwardly with Him, he gathered together his hosts, and made war with us. And if it had not been for God's strength that was with us, we could not have prevailed against him to hurl him from heaven.

13 "But when he fell from among us, there was great joy in heaven, because of his going down from us. For had he continued in heaven, nothing, not even one angel would have remained in it.

14 "But God in His mercy, drove him from among us to this dark earth; for he had become darkness itself and a worker of unrighteousness.

15 "And he has continued, O Adam, to make war against thee, until he beguiled thee and made thee come out of the garden, to this strange land, where all these trials have come to thee. And death, which God brought upon him he has also brought to thee, O Adam, because thou didst obey him, and didst transgress against God."

16 Then a the angels rejoiced and praised God, and asked Him not to destroy Adam this time, for his having sought to enter the garden; but to bear with him until the fulfilment of the promise; and to help him in this world until he was free from Satan's hand.



A chapter of divine comfort.

THEN came the Word of God to Adam, and said unto him:--

2 "O Adam, look at that garden of joy and at this earth of toil, and behold the angels who are in the garden-that is full of them, and see thyself alone on this earth, with Satan whom thou didst obey.

3 "Yet, if thou hadst submitted, and been obedient to Me, and hadst kept My Word, thou wouldst be with My angels in My garden.

4 "But when thou didst transgress and hearken to Satan, thou didst become his guest among his angels, that are full of wickedness; and thou camest to this earth, that brings forth to thee thorns and thistles.

5 "O Adam, ask him who deceived thee, to give thee the divine nature he promised thee, or to make thee a garden as I had made for thee; or to fill thee with that same bright nature with which I had filled thee.

6 "Ask him to make thee a body like the one I made thee, or to give thee a day of rest as I gave thee; or to create within thee a reasonable soul, as I did create for thee; or to remove thee hence to some other earth than this one which I gave thee. But, O Adam, he will not fulfil even one of the things he told thee.

7 "Acknowledge, then, My favour towards thee, and My mercy on thee, My creature; that I have not requited thee for thy transgression against Me, but in My pity for thee I have promised thee that at the end of the great five days and a half I will come and save thee."

8 Then God said again to Adam and Eve, "Arise, go down hence, lest the cherub with a sword of fire in his hand destroy you."

9 But Adam's heart was comforted by God's words to him, and he worshipped before Him.

10 And God commanded His angels to escort Adam and Eve to the cave with joy, instead of the fear that had come upon them.

11 Then the angels took up Adam and Eve, and brought them down from the mountain by the garden, with songs and psalms, until they brought them to the cave. There the angels began to comfort and to strengthen them, and then departed from them towards heaven, to their Creator, who had sent them.

12 But, after the angels were gone from Adam and Eve, came Satan, with shamefacedness, and stood at the entrance of the cave in which were Adam and Eve. He then called to Adam, and said, "O Adam, come, let me speak to thee."

13 Then Adam came out of the cave, thinking he was one of God's angels that was come to give him some good counsel.



"Therefore did I fall. . .

BUT when Adam came out and saw his hideous figure, he was afraid of him, and said unto him, "Who art thou?"

2 Then Satan answered and said unto him, "It is I, who hid myself within the serpent, and who talked to Eve, and beguiled her until she hearkened to my command. I am he who sent her, through the wiles of my speech, to deceive thee, until thou and she ate of the fruit of the tree, and ye came away from under the command of God."

3 But when Adam heard these words from him, he said unto him, "Canst thou make me a garden as God made for me? Or canst thou clothe me in the same bright nature in which God had clothed me?

4 "Where is the divine nature thou didst promise to give me? Where is that fair speech of thine, thou didst hold with us at first, when we were in the garden?"

5 Then Satan said unto Adam, "Thinkest thou, that when I have spoken to one about anything, I shall ever bring it to him or fulfil my word? Not so. For I myself have never even thought of obtaining what I asked.

6 "Therefore did I fall, and did I make you fall by that for which I myself fell; and with you also, whosoever accepts my counsel, falls thereby.

7 "But now, O Adam, by reason of thy fall thou art under my rule, and I am king over thee; because thou hast hearkened to me, and hast transgressed against thy God. Neither will there be any deliverance from my hands until the day promised thee by thy God."

8 Again he said, "Inasmuch as we do not know the day agreed upon with thee by thy God, nor the hour in which thou shalt be delivered, for that reason will we multiply war and murder upon thee and thy seed after thee.

9 "This is our will and our good pleasure, that we may not leave one of the sons of men to inherit our orders in heaven.

10 "For as to our abode, O Adam, it is in burning fire; and we will not cease our evil doing no, not one day nor one hour. And I, O Adam, shall sow fire upon thee when thou comest into the cave to dwell there."

11 When Adam heard these words he wept and mourned, and said unto Eve, "Hear what he said; that he will not fulfil aught of what he told thee in the garden. Did he really then become king over us?

12 "But we will ask God, who created us, to deliver us out of his hands."



"About sunset on the 53rd day . . . ."

THEN Adam and Eve spread their hands unto God, praying and entreating Him to drive Satan away from them; that he do them no violence, and do not force them to deny God.

2 Then God sent to them at once His angel, who drove away Satan--from them. This happened about sunset, on the fifty-third day after they had come out of the garden.

3 Then Adam and Eve went into the cave, and stood up and turned their faces to the earth, to pray to God.

4 But ere they prayed Adam said unto Eve, "Lo, thou hast seen what temptations have befallen us in this land. Come, let us arise, and ask God to forgive us the sins we have committed; and we will not come out until the end of the day next to the fortieth. And if we die herein, He will save us."

5 Then Adam and Eve arose, and joined together in entreating God.

6 They abode thus praying in the cave; neither did they come out of it, by night or by day, until their prayers went up out of their mouths, like a flame of fire.



Eighth apparition of Satan to Adam and Eve.

BUT Satan, the hater of all good, did not allow them to end their prayers. For he called to his hosts, and they came, all of them. He then said to them, "Since Adam and Eve, whom we beguiled, have agreed together to pray to God night and day, and to entreat Him to deliver them, and since they will not come out of the cave until the end of the fortieth day.

2 "And since they will continue their prayers as they have both agreed to do, that He will deliver them out of our hands, and restore them to their former state, see what we shall do unto them." And his hosts said unto him, "Power is thine, O our Lord, to do what thou listest."

3 Then Satan, great in wickedness, took his hosts and came into the cave, in the thirtieth night of the forty days and one; and he smote Adam and Eve, until he left them dead.

4 Then came the Word of God unto Adam and Eve, who raised them from their suffering, and God said unto Adam, "Be strong, and be not afraid of him who has just come to thee."

5 But Adam wept and said, "Where wast Thou, O my God, that they should smite me with such blows, and that this suffering should come upon us; upon me and upon Eve, Thy handmaid?"

6 Then God said unto him, "O Adam, see, he is lord and master of all thou hast, he who said, he would give thee divinity. Where is this love for thee? And where is the gift he promised?

7 "For once has it pleased him, O Adam, to come to thee, to comfort thee, and to strengthen thee, and to rejoice with thee, and to send his hosts to guard thee; because thou hast hearkened to him, and hast yielded to his counsel; and hast transgressed My commandment but has followed his behest?"

8 Then Adam wept before the Lord, and said, "O Lord because I transgressed a little, Thou hast sorely plagued me in return for it, I ask Thee to deliver me out of his hands; or else have pity on me, and take my soul out of my body now in this strange land."

9 Then God said unto Adam, "If only there had been this sighing and praying before, ere thou didst transgress! Then wouldst thou have rest from the trouble in which thou art now."

10 But God had patience with Adam, and let him and Eve remain in the cave until they had fulfilled the forty days.

11 But as to Adam and Eve, their strength and flesh withered from fasting and praying, from hunger and thirst; for they had not tasted either food or drink since they left the garden; nor were the functions of their bodies yet settled; and they had no strength left to continue in prayer from hunger, until the end of the next day to the fortieth. They were fallen down in the cave; yet what speech escaped from their mouths, was only in praises.



The Devil appears like an old man. He offers "a place of rest."

THEN on the eighty-ninth day, Satan came to the cave, clad in a garment of light, and girt about with a bright girdle.

2 In his hands was a staff of light, and he looked most awful: but his face was pleasant and his speech was sweet,

3 He thus transformed himself in order to deceive Adam and Eve, and to make them come out of the cave, ere they had fulfilled the forty days.

4 For he said within himself, "Now that when they had fulfilled the forty days' fasting and praying, God would restore them to their former estate; but if He did not do so, He would still be favourable to them; and even if He had not mercy on them, would He yet give them something from the garden to comfort them; as already twice before."

5 Then Satan drew near the cave in this fair appearance, and said:--

6 "O Adam, rise ye, stand up, thou and Eve, and come along with me, to a good land; and fear not. I am flesh and bones like you; and at first I was a creature that God created.

7 "And it was so, that when He had created me, He placed me in a garden in the north, on the border of the world.

8 "And He said to me, 'Abide here!' And I abode there according to His Word, neither did I transgress His commandment.

9 "Then He made a slumber to come over me, and He brought thee, O Adam, out of my side, but did not make thee abide by me.

10 "But God took thee in His divine hand, and placed thee in a garden to the eastward.

11 "Then I grieved because of thee, for that while God had taken thee out of my side, He had not let thee abide with me.

12 "But God said unto me: 'Grieve not because of Adam, whom I brought out of thy side; no harm will come to him.

13 "'For now I have brought out of his side a help-meet for him; and I have given him joy by so doing.'"

14 Then Satan said again, "I did not know how it is ye are in this cave, nor anything about this trial that has come upon you-until God said to me, 'Behold, Adam has transgressed, he whom I had taken out of thy side, and Eve also, whom I took out of his side; and I have driven them out of the garden; I have made them dwell in a land of sorrow and misery, because they transgressed against Me, and have hearkened to Satan. And lo, they are in suffering unto this day, the eightieth.'

15 "Then God said unto me, 'Arise, go to them, and make them come to thy place, and suffer not that Satan come near them, and afflict them. For they are now in great misery; and lie helpless from hunger.'

16 "He further said to me, 'When thou hast taken them to thyself, give them to eat of the fruit of the Tree of Life, and give them to drink of the water of peace; and clothe them in a garment of light, and restore them to their former state of grace, and leave them not in misery, for they came from thee. But grieve not over them, nor repent of that which has come upon them.'

17 "But when I heard this, I was sorry; and my heart could not patiently bear it for thy sake, O my child.

18 "But, O Adam, when I heard the name of Satan, I was afraid, and I said within myself, I will not come out, lest he ensnare me, as he did my children, Adam and Eve.

19 "And I said, 'O God, when I go to my children, Satan will meet me in the way, and war against me, as he did against them.'

20 "Then God said unto me, 'Fear not; when thou findest him, smite him with the staff that is in thine hand, and be not afraid of him for thou art of old standing, and he shall not prevail against thee.'

21 "Then I said, 'O my Lord, I am old, and cannot go. Send Thy angels to bring them.'

22 "But God said unto me, 'Angels, verily, are not like them; and they will not consent to come with them. But I have chosen thee, because they are thy offspring, and like thee, and will hearken to what thou sayest.'

23 "God said further to me, 'If thou hast not strength to walk, I will send a cloud to carry thee and alight thee at the entrance of their cave; then the cloud will return and leave thee there.

24 "'And if they will come with thee, I will send a cloud to carry thee and them.'

25 "Then He commanded a cloud, and it bare me up and brought me to you; and then went back.

26 "And now O my children, Adam and Eve, look at my hoar hairs and at my feeble estate, and at my coming from that distant place. Come, come with me, to a place of rest."

27 Then he began to weep and to sob before Adam and Eve, and his tears poured upon the earth like water.

28 And when Adam and Eve raised their eyes and saw his beard, and heard his sweet talk, their hearts softened towards him; they hearkened unto him, for they believed he was true.

29 And it seemed to them that they really were his offspring, when they saw that his face was like their own; and they trusted him.



They begin to follow Satan.

THEN he took Adam and Eve by the hand, and began to bring them out of the cave.

2 But when they were come a little way out of it, God knew that Satan had overcome them, and had brought them out ere the forty days were ended, to take them to some distant place, and to destroy them.

3 Then the Word of the Lord God again came and cursed Satan, and drove him away from them.

4 And God began to speak unto Adam and Eve, saying to them, "What made you come out of the cave, unto this place?"

5 Then Adam said unto God, "Didst thou create a man before us? For when we were in the cave there suddenly came unto us a good old man who said to us, 'I am a messenger from God unto you, to bring you back to some place of rest.'

6 "And we did believe, O God, that he was a messenger from Thee; and we came out with him; and knew not whither we should go with him."

7 Then God said unto Adam, "See, that is the father of evil arts, who brought thee and Eve out of the Garden of Delights. And now, indeed, when he saw that thou and Eve both joined together in fasting and praying, and that you came not out of the cave before the end of the forty days, he wished to make your purpose vain, to break your mutual bond; to cut off all hope from you, and to drive you to some place where he might destroy you.

8 "Because he was unable to do aught to you, unless he showed himself in the likeness of you.

9 "Therefore did he come to you with a face like your own, and began to give you tokens as if they were all true.

10 "But I in mercy and with the favour I had unto you, did not allow him to destroy you; but I drove him away from you.

11 "Now, therefore, O Adam, take Eve, and return to your cave, and remain in it until the morrow of the fortieth day. And when ye come out, go towards the eastern gate of the garden."

12 Then Adam and Eve worshipped God, and praised and blessed Him for the deliverance that had come to them from Him. And they returned towards the cave. This happened at eventide of the thirty-ninth day.

13 Then Adam and Eve stood up and with great zeal, prayed to God, to be brought out of their want for strength; for their strength had departed from them, through hunger and thirst and prayer. But they watched the whole of that night praying, until morning.

14 Then Adam said unto Eve, "Arise, let us go towards the eastern gate of the garden as God told us."

15 And they said their prayers as they were wont to do every day; and they went out of the cave, to go near to the eastern gate of the garden.

16 Then Adam and Eve stood up and prayed, and besought God to strengthen them, and to send them something to satisfy their hunger.

17 But when they had ended their prayers, they remained where they were by reason of their failing strength.

18. Then came the Word of God again, and said unto them, "O Adam, arise, go and bring hither two figs."

19 Then Adam and Eve arose, and went until they drew near to the cave.



Two fruit trees.

BUT Satan the wicked was envious, because of the consolation God had given them.

2 So he prevented them, and went into the cave and took the two figs, and buried them outside the cave, so that Adam and Eve should not find them. He also had in his thoughts to destroy them.

3 But by God's mercy, as soon as those two figs were in the earth, God defeated Satan's counsel regarding them; and made them into two fruit-trees, that overshadowed the cave. For Satan had buried them on the eastern side of it.

4 Then when the two trees were grown, and were covered with fruit, Satan grieved and mourned, and said, "Better were it to have left those figs as they were; for now, behold, they have become two fruit-trees, whereof Adam will eat all the days of his life. Whereas I had in mind, when I buried them, to destroy them entirely, and to hide them for aye.

5 "But God has overturned my counsel; and would not that this sacred fruit should perish; and He has made plain my intention, and has defeated the counsel I had formed against His servants."

6 Then Satan went away ashamed, of not having wrought out his design.



The first joy of trees.

BUT Adam and Eve, as they drew near to the cave, saw two fig-trees, covered with fruit, and overshadowing the cave.

2 Then Adam said to Eve, "It seems to me we have gone astray. When did these two trees grow here? It seems to me that the enemy wishes to lead us astray, Sayest thou that there is in the earth another cave than this?

3 "Yet, O Eve, let us go into the cave, and find in it the two figs; for this is our cave, in which we were. But if we should not find the two figs in it, then it cannot be our cave."

4 They went then into the cave, and looked into the four corners of it, but found not the two figs.

5 And Adam wept and said to Eve, "Are we come to a wrong cave, then, O Eve? It seems to me these two fig-trees are the two figs that were in the cave." And Eve said, "I, for my part, do not know."

6 Then Adam stood up and prayed and said, "O God, Thou didst command us to come back to the cave, to take the two figs, and then to return to Thee.

7 "But now, we have not found them. O God, hast Thou taken them, and sown these two trees, or have we gone astray in the earth; or has the enemy deceived us? If it be real, then, O God, reveal to us the secret of these two trees and of the two figs."

8 Then came the Word of God to Adam, and said unto him, "O Adam, when I sent thee to fetch the figs, Satan went before thee to the cave, took the figs, and buried them outside, eastward of the cave, thinking to destroy them; and not sowing them with good intent.

9 "Not for his mere sake, then, have these trees grown up at once; but I had mercy on thee and I commanded them to grow. And they grew to be two large trees, that you be overshadowed by their branches, and find rest; and that I make you see My power and My marvellous works.

10 "And, also, to show you Satan's meanness, and his evil works, for ever since ye came out of the garden, he has not ceased, no, not one day, from doing you some harm. But I have not given him power over you."

11 And God said, "Henceforth, O Adam, rejoice on account of the trees, thou and Eve; and rest under them when ye feel weary. But eat not of their fruit, nor come near them."

12 Then Adam wept, and said, "O God, wilt Thou again kill us, or wilt Thou drive us away from before Thy face, and cut our life from off the face of the earth?

13 "O God, I beseech Thee, if Thou knowest that there be in these trees either death or some other evil, as at the first time, root them up from near our cave, and wither them; and leave us to die of the heat, of hunger and of thirst.

14 "For we know Thy marvellous works, O God, that they are great, and that by Thy power Thou canst bring one thing out of another, without one's wish. For Thy power can make rocks to become trees, and trees to become rocks."



Adam and Eve partake of the first earthly food.

THEN God looked upon Adam and upon his strength of mind, upon his endurance of hunger and thirst, and of the heat. And he changed the two fig-trees into two figs, as they were at first, and then said to Adam and to Eve, "Each of you may take one fig." And they took them, as the Lord commanded them.

2 And he said to them, "Go ye into the cave, and eat the figs, and satisfy your hunger, lest ye die."

3 So, as God commanded them, they went into the cave, about the time when the sun was setting. And Adam and Eve stood up and prayed at the time of the setting sun.

4 Then they sat down to eat the figs; but they knew not how to eat them; for they were not accustomed to eat earthly food. They feared also lest, if they ate, their stomach should be burdened and their flesh thickened, and their hearts take to liking earthly food.

5 But while they were thus seated, God, out of pity for them, sent them His angel, lest they should perish of hunger and thirst.

6 And the angel said unto Adam and Eve, "God says to you that ye have not strength to fast until death; eat, therefore, and strengthen your bodies; for ye are now animal flesh, that cannot subsist without food and drink."

7 Then Adam and Eve took the figs and began to eat of them. But God had put into them a mixture as of savoury bread and blood.

8 Then the angel went from Adam and Eve, who ate of the figs until they had satisfied their hunger. Then they put by what remained; but by the power of God, the figs became full as before, because God blessed them.

9 After this Adam and Eve arose, and prayed with a joyful heart and renewed strength, and praised and rejoiced abundantly the whole of that night. And this was the end of the eighty-third day.



Adam and Eve acquire digestive organs. Final hope of returning to the Garden is quenched.

AND when it was day, they rose and prayed, after their custom, and then went out of the cave.

2 But as they felt great trouble from the food they had eaten, and to which they were not used, they went about in the cave saying to each other:--

3 "What has happened to us through eating, that this pain should have come upon us? Woe be to us, we shall die! Better for us to have died than to have eaten; and to have kept our bodies pure, than to have defiled them with food."

4 Then Adam said to Eve, "This pain did not come to us in the garden, neither did we eat such bad food there. Thinkest thou, O Eve, that God will plague us through the food that is in us, or that our inwards will come out; or that God means to kill us with this pain before He has fulfilled His promise to us?"

5 Then Adam besought the Lord and said, "O Lord, let us not perish through the food we have eaten. O Lord, smite us not; but deal with us according to Thy great mercy, and forsake us not until the day of the promise Thou hast made us."

6 Then God looked upon them, and at once fitted them for eating food; as unto this day; so that they should not perish.

7 Then Adam and Eve came back into the cave sorrowful and weeping because of the alteration in their nature. And they both knew from that hour that they were altered beings, that their hope of returning to the garden was now cut off; and that they could not enter it.

8 For that now their bodies had strange functions; and all flesh that requires food and drink for its existence, cannot be in the garden.

9 Then Adam said to Eve, "Behold, our hope is now cut off; and so is our trust to enter the garden. We no longer belong to the inhabitants of the garden; but henceforth we are earthy and of the dust, and of the inhabitants of the earth, We shall not return to the garden, until the day in which God has promised to save us, and to bring us again into the garden, as He promised us."

10 Then they prayed to God that He would have mercy on them; after which, their mind was quieted, their hearts were broken, and their longing was cooled down; and they were like strangers on earth. That night Adam and Eve spent in the cave, where they slept heavily by reason of the food they had eaten.



Adam does his first day's work.

WHEN it was morning, the day after they had eaten food, Adam and Eve prayed in the cave, and Adam said unto Eve, "Lo, we asked for food of God, and He gave it. But now let us also ask Him to give us a drink of water."

2 Then they arose, and went to the bank of the stream of water, that was on the south border of the garden, in which they had before thrown themselves. And they stood on the bank, and prayed to God that He would command them to drink of the water.

3 Then the Word of God came to Adam, and said unto him, "O Adam, thy body is become brutish, and requires water to drink. Take ye, and drink, thou and Eve; give thanks and praise."

4 Adam and Eve then drew near, and drank of it, until their bodies felt refreshed. After having drunk, they praised God, and then returned to their cave, after their former custom. This happened at the end of eighty-three days.

5 Then on the eighty-fourth day, they took two figs and hung them in the cave, together with the leaves thereof, to be to them a sign and a blessing from God. And they placed them there until there should arise a posterity to them, who should see the wonderful things God had done to them.

6 Then Adam and Eve again stood outside the cave, and besought God to show them some food wherewith to nourish their bodies.

7 Then the Word of God came and said unto him, "O Adam, go down to the westward of the cave, as far as a land of dark soil, and there thou shalt find food."

8 And Adam hearkened unto the Word of God, took Eve, and went down to a land of dark soil, and found there wheat growing, in the ear and ripe, and figs to eat; and Adam rejoiced over it.

9 Then the Word of God came again to Adam, and said unto him, "Take of this wheat and make thee bread of it, to nourish thy body withal." And God gave Adam's heart wisdom, to work out the corn until it became bread.

10 Adam accomplished all that, until he grew very faint and weary. He then returned to the cave; rejoicing at what he had learned of what is done with wheat, until it is made into bread for one's use.



"Then Satan began to lead astray Adam and Eve. . . ."

BUT when Adam and Eve went down to the land of black mud, and came near to the wheat God had showed them, and saw it ripe and ready for reaping, as they had no sickle to reap it withal--they girt themselves, and began to pull up the wheat, until it was all done.

2 Then they made it into a heap; and, faint from heat and from thirst, they went under a shady tree, where the breeze fanned them to sleep.

3 But Satan saw what Adam and Eve had done. And he called his hosts, and said to them, "Since God has shown to Adam and Eve all about this wheat, wherewith to strengthen their bodies--and, lo, they are come and have made a heap of it, and faint from the toil are now asleep--come, let us set fire to this heap of corn, and burn it, and let us take that bottle of water that is by them, and empty it out, so that they may find nothing to drink, and we kill them with hunger and thirst.

4 "Then, when they wake up from their sleep, and seek to return to the cave, we will come to them in the way, and will lead them astray; so that they die of hunger and thirst; when they may, perhaps, deny God, and He destroy them. So shall we be rid of them."

5 Then Satan and his hosts threw fire upon the wheat and consumed it.

6 But from the heat of the flame Adam and Eve awoke from their sleep, and saw the wheat burning, and the bucket of water by them, poured out.

7 Then they wept and went back to the cave.

8 But as they were going up from below the mountain where they were, Satan and his hosts met them in the form of angels, praising God.

9 Then Satan said to Adam, "O Adam, why art thou so pained with hunger and thirst? It seems to me that Satan has burnt up the wheat." And Adam said to him, "Ay."

10 Again Satan said to Adam, "Come back with us; we are angels of God. God sent us to thee, to show thee another field of corn, better than that; and beyond it is a fountain of good water, and many trees, where thou shalt dwell near it, and work the corn-field to better purpose than that which Satan has consumed."

11 Adam thought that he was true, and that they were angels who talked with him; and he went back with them.

12. Then Satan began to lead astray Adam and Eve eight days, until they both fell down as if dead, from hunger, thirst, and faintness. Then he fled with his hosts, and left them.



How destruction and trouble is of Satan when he is the master. Adam and Eve establish the custom of worship.

THEN God looked upon Adam and Eve, and upon what had come upon them from Satan, and how he had made them perish.

2 God, therefore, sent His Word, and raised up Adam and Eve from their state of death.

3 Then, Adam, when he was raised, said, "O God, Thou hast burnt and taken from us the corn Thou hadst given us, and Thou hast emptied out the bucket of water. And Thou hast sent Thy angels, who have waylaid us from the corn-field. Wilt Thou make us perish? If this be from Thee, O God, then take away our souls; but punish us not."

4 Then God said to Adam, "I did not burn down the wheat, and I did not pour the water out of the bucket, and I did not send My angels to lead thee astray.

5 "But it is Satan, thy master who did it; he to whom thou hast subjected thyself; My commandment being meanwhile set aside. He it is, who burnt down the corn, and poured out the water, and who has led thee astray; and all the promises he has made you, verily are but feint, and deceit, and a lie.

6 "But now, O Adam, thou shalt acknowledge My good deeds done to thee."

7 And God told His angels to take Adam and Eve, and to bear them up to the field of wheat, which they found as before, with the bucket full of water.

8 There they saw a tree, and found on it solid manna; and wondered at God's power. And the angels commanded them to eat of the manna when they were hungry.

9 And God adjured Satan with a curse, not to come again, and destroy the field of corn.

10 Then Adam and Eve took of the corn, and made of it an offering, and took it and offered it up on the mountain, the place where they had offered up their first offering of blood.

11 And they offered this oblation again on the altar they had built at first. And they stood up and prayed, and besought the Lord saying, "Thus, O God, when we were in the garden, did our praises go up to Thee, like this offering; and our innocence went up to thee like incense. But now, O God, accept this offering from us, and turn us not back, reft of Thy mercy."

12 Then God said to Adam and Eve, "Since ye have made this oblation and have offered it to Me, I shall make it My flesh, when I come down upon earth to save you; and I shall cause it to be offered continually upon an altar, for forgiveness and for mercy, unto those who partake of it duly."

13 And God sent a bright fire upon the offering of Adam and Eve, and filled it with brightness, grace, and light; and the Holy Ghost came down upon that oblation.

14 Then God commanded an

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angel to take fire-tongs, like a spoon, and with it to take an offering and bring it to Adam and Eve. And the angel did so, as God had commanded him, and offered it to them.

15 And the souls of Adam and Eve were brightened, and their hearts were filled with joy and gladness and with the praises of God.

16 And God said to Adam, "This shall be unto you a custom, to do so, when affliction and sorrow come upon you. But your deliverance and your entrance into the garden, shall not be until the days are fulfilled, as agreed between you and Me; were it not so, I would, of My mercy and pity for you, bring you back to My garden and to My favour for the sake of the offering you have just made to My name."

17 Adam rejoiced at these words which he heard from God; and he and Eve worshipped before the altar, to which they bowed, and then went back to the Cave of Treasures.

18 And this took place at the end of the twelfth day after the eightieth day, from the time Adam and Eve came out of the garden.

19 And they stood up the whole night praying until morning; and then went out of the cave.

20 Then Adam said to Eve, with joy of heart, because of the offering they had made to God, and that had been accepted of Him, "Let us do this three times every week, on the fourth day Wednesday, on the preparation day Friday, and on the Sabbath Sunday, all the days of our life."

21 And as they agreed to these words between themselves, God was pleased with their thoughts, and with the resolution they had each taken with the other.

22 After this, came the Word of God to Adam, and said, "O Adam, thou hast determined beforehand the days in which sufferings shall come upon Me, when I am made flesh; for they are the fourth Wednesday, and the preparation day Friday.

23 "But as to the first day, I created in it all things, and I raised the heavens. And, again, through My rising again on this day, will I create joy, and raise them on high, who believe in Me; O Adam, offer this oblation, all the days of thy life."

24 Then God withdrew His Word from Adam.

25 But Adam continued to offer this oblation thus, every week three times, until, the end of seven weeks. And on the first day, which is the fiftieth, Adam made an offering as he was wont, and he and Eve took it and came to the altar before God, as He had taught them.



Twelfth apparition of Satan to Adam and Eve, while Adam was praying over the offering upon the altar; when Satan smote him.

THEN Satan, the hater of all good, envious of Adam and of his offering through which he found favour with God, hastened and took a sharp stone from among sharp iron-stones; appeared in the form of a man, and went and stood by Adam and Eve.

2 Adam was then offering on the altar, and had begun to pray, with his hands spread unto God.

3 Then Satan hastened with the sharp iron-stone he had with him, and with it pierced Adam on the right side, when flowed blood and water, then Adam fell upon the altar like a corpse. And Satan fled.

4 Then Eve came, and took Adam and placed him below the altar. And there she stayed, weeping over him; while a stream of blood flowed from Adam's side upon his offering.

5 But God looked upon the death of Adam. He then sent His Word, and raised him up and said unto him, "Fulfil thy offering, for indeed, Adam, it is worth much, and there is no shortcoming in it."

6 God said further unto Adam, "Thus will it also happen to Me, on the earth, when I shall be pierced and blood shall flow blood and water from My side and run over My body, which is the true offering; and which shall be offered on the altar as a perfect offering."

7 Then God commanded Adam to finish his offering, and when he had ended it he worshipped before God, and praised Him for the signs He had showed him.

8 And God healed Adam in one day, which is the end of the seven weeks; and that is the fiftieth day.

9 Then Adam and Eve returned from the mountain, and went into the Cave of Treasures, as they were used to do. This completed for Adam and Eve, one hundred and forty days since their coming out of the garden.

10 Then they both stood up that night and prayed to God. And when it was morning, they went out, and went down westward of the cave, to the place where their corn was, and there rested under the shadow of a tree, as they were wont.

11 But when there a multitude of beasts came all round them. It was Satan's doing, in his wickedness; in order to wage war against Adam through marriage.



Thirteenth apparition of Satan to Adam and Eve, to make war against him, through his marriage with Eve.

AFTER this Satan, the hater of all good, took the form n angel, and with him two others, so that they looked like the three angels who had brought to Adam gold, incense, and myrrh.

2 They passed before Adam and Eve while they were under the tree, and greeted Adam and Eve with fair words that were full of guile.

3 But when Adam and Eve saw their comely mien, and heard their sweet speech, Adam rose, welcomed them, and brought them to Eve, and they remained all together; Adam's heart the while, being glad because he thought concerning them, that they were the same angels, who had brought him gold, incense, and myrrh.

4 Because, when they came to Adam the first time, there came upon him from them, peace and joy, through their bringing him good tokens; so Adam thought that they were come a second time to give him other tokens for him to rejoice withal. For he did not know it was Satan; therefore did he receive them with joy and companied with them.

5 Then Satan, the tallest of them, said, "Rejoice, O Adam, and be glad. Lo, God has sent us to thee to tell thee something."

6 And Adam said, "What is it?" Then Satan answered, "It is a light thing, yet it is a word of God, wilt thou hear it from us and do it? But if thou hearest not, we will return to God, and tell Him that thou wouldest not receive His word."

And Satan said again to Adam, "Fear not, neither let a trembling come upon thee; dost not thou know us?"

8 But Adam said, "I know you not."

9 Then Satan said to him, "I am the angel who brought thee gold, and took it to the cave; this other one is he who brought thee incense; and that third one, is he who brought thee myrrh when thou wast on the top of the mountain, and who carried thee to the cave.

10 "But as to the other angels our fellows, who bare you to the cave, God has not sent them with us this time; for He said to us, 'You suffice.'"

11 So when Adam heard these words he believed them, and said to these angels, "Speak the word of God, that I may receive it."

12 And Satan said unto him "Swear, and promise me that thou wilt receive it."

13 Then Adam said, "I know not how to swear and promise."

14 And Satan said to him, "Hold out thy hand, and put it inside my hand."

15 Then Adam held out his hand, and put it into Satan's hand; when Satan said unto him, "Say, now--so true as God is living, rational, and speaking, who raised the heavens in the space, and established the earth upon the waters, and has created me out of the four elements, and out of the dust of the earth--I will not break my promise, nor renounce my word."

16 And Adam swore thus.

17 Then Satan said to him, "Lo, it is now some time since thou camest out of the garden, and thou knowest neither wickedness nor evil. But now God s says to thee, to take Eve who came out of thy side, and to wed her, that she bear thee children, to comfort thee, and to drive from thee trouble and sorrow; now this thing is not difficult, neither is there any scandal in it to thee."



Adam is troubled by his wedding with Eve.

BUT when Adam heard these words from Satan, he sorrowed much, because of his oath and of his promise, and said, "Shall I commit adultery with my flesh and my bones, and shall I sin against myself, for God to destroy me, and to blot me out from off the face of the earth?

2 "Since, when at first, I ate of the tree, He drove me out of the garden into this strange land, and deprived me of my bright nature, and brought death upon me. If, then, I should do this, He will cut off my life from the earth, and He will cast me into hell, and will plague me there a long time.

3 "But God never spoke the words thou hast told me; and ye are not God's angels, nor yet sent from Him. But ye are devils, come to me under the false appearance of angels . Away from me; ye cursed of God!"

4 Then those devils fled from before Adam. And he and Eve arose, and returned to the Cave of Treasures, and went into it.

5 Then Adam said to Eve, "If thou sawest what I did, tell it not; for I sinned against God n swearing by His great name, and I have placed my hand another time into that of Satan." Eve, then, held her peace, as Adam told her.

6 Then Adam arose, and spread his hands unto God, beseeching and entreating Him with tears, to forgive him what he had done. And Adam remained thus standing and praying forty days and forty nights. He neither ate nor drank until he dropped down upon the earth from hunger and thirst.

7 Then God sent His Word unto Adam, who raised him up from where he lay, and said unto him, "O Adam, why hast thou sworn by My name, and why hast thou made agreement with Satan another time?"

8 But Adam wept, and said, "O God, forgive me, for I did this unwittingly; believing they were God's angels."

9 And God forgave Adam, saying, to him, "Beware of Satan."

10 And He withdrew His Word from Adam.

11 Then Adam's heart was comforted; and he took Eve, and they went out of the cave, to make some food for their bodies.

12 But from that day Adam struggled in his mind about his wedding Eve; afraid as he was to do it, lest God should be wroth with him.

13 Then Adam and Eve went to the river of water, and sat on the bank, as people do when they enjoy themselves.

14 But Satan was jealous of them; and would destroy them.



Adam's heart is set on fire.

THEN Satan, and ten from his hosts, transformed themselves into maidens, unlike any others in the whole world for grace.

2 They came up out of the river in presence of Adam and Eve, and they said among themselves, "Come, we will look at the faces of Adam and of Eve, who are of the men upon earth. How beautiful they are, and how different is their look from our own faces." Then they came to Adam and Eve, and greeted them; and stood wondering at them.

3 Adam and Eve looked at them also, and wondered at their beauty, and said, "Is there, then, under us, another world, with such beautiful creatures as these in it"'

4 And those maidens said to Adam and Eve, "Yes, indeed, we are an abundant creation."

5 Then Adam said to them, "But how do you multiply?"

6 And they answered him, "We have husbands who wedded us, and we bear them children, who grow up, and who in their turn wed and are wedded, and also bear children; and thus we increase. And if so be, O Adam, thou wilt not believe us, we will show thee our husbands and our children."

7 Then they shouted over the river as if to call their husbands and their children, who came up from the river, men and children; and every one came to his wife, his children being with him.

8 But when Adam and Eve saw them, they stood dumb, and wondered at them.

9 Then they said to Adam and Eve, "You see our husbands and our children, wed Eve as we wed our wives, and you shall have children the same as we." This was a device of Satan to deceive Adam.

10 Satan also thought within himself, "God at first commanded Adam concerning the fruit of the tree, saying to him, 'Eat not of it; else of death thou shalt die.' But Adam ate of it, and yet God did not kill him; He only decreed upon him death, and plagues and trials, until the day he shall come out of his body.

11 "Now, then, if I deceive him to do this thing, and to wed Eve without God's commandment, God will kill him then."

12 Therefore did Satan work this apparition before Adam and Eve; because he sought to kill him, and to make him disappear from off the face of the earth.

13 Meanwhile the fire of sin came upon Adam, and he thought of committing sin. But he restrained himself, fearing lest if he followed this advice of Satan God would put him to death.

14 Then Adam and Eve arose, and prayed to God, while Satan and his hosts went down into the river, in presence of Adam and Eve; to let them see that they were going back to their own regions.

15 Then Adam and Eve went back to the Cave of Treasures, as they were wont; about evening time.

16 And they both arose and prayed to God that night. Adam remained standing in prayer, yet not knowing how to pray, by reason of the thoughts of his heart regarding his wedding Eve; and he continued so until morning.

17 And when light arose, Adam said unto Eve, "Arise, let us go below the mountain, where they brought us gold, and let us ask the Lord concerning this matter."

18 Then Eve said, "What is that matter, O Adam?"

19 And he answered her, "That I may request the Lord to inform me about wedding thee; for I will not do it without His order, lest He make us perish, thee and me. For those devils have set my heart on fire, with thoughts of what they showed us, in their sinful apparitions."

20 Then Eve said to Adam, "Why need we go below the mountain? Let us rather stand up and pray in our cave to God, to let us know whether this counsel is good or not."

21 Then Adam rose up in prayer and said, "O God, thou knowest that we transgressed against Thee, and from the moment we transgressed, we were bereft of our bright nature; and our body became brutish, requiring food and drink; and with animal desires.

22 "Command us, O God, not to give way to them without Thy order, lest Thou bring us to nothing. For if Thou give us not the order, we shall be overpowered, and follow that advice of Satan; and Thou wilt again make us perish.

23 "If not, then take our souls from us; let us be rid of this animal lust. And if Thou give us no order respecting this thing, then sever Eve from me, and me from her; and place us each far away from the other.

24 "Yet again, O God, when Thou hast put us asunder from each other, the devils will deceive us with their apparitions, and destroy our hearts, and defile our thoughts towards each other. Yet if it is not each of us towards the other, it will, at all events, be through their appearance when they show themselves to us." Here Adam ended his prayer.



The betrothal of Adam and Eve.

THEN God looked upon the words of Adam that they were true, and that he could long await His order, respecting the counsel of Satan.

2 And God approved Adam in what he had thought concerning this, and in the prayer he had offered in His presence; and the Word of God came unto Adam and said to him, "O Adam, if only thou hadst had this caution at first, ere thou earnest out of the garden into this land!"

3 After that, God sent His angel who had brought gold, and the angel who had brought incense, and the angel who had brought myrrh to Adam, that they should inform him respecting his wedding Eve.

4 Then those angels said to Adam, "Take the gold and give it to Eve as a wedding gift, and betroth her; then give her some incense and myrrh as a present; and be ye, thou and she, one flesh."

5 Adam hearkened to the angels, and took the gold and put it into Eve's bosom in her garment; and bethrothed her with his hand.

6 Then the angels commanded Adam and Eve, to arise and pray forty days and forty nights; and after that, that Adam should come in to his wife; for then this would be an act pure and undefiled; and he should have children who would multiply, and replenish the face of the earth.

7 Then both Adam and Eve received the words of the angels; and the angels departed from them.

8 Then Adam and Eve began to fast and to pray, until the end of the forty days; and then they came together, as the angels had told them. And from the time Adam left the garden until he wedded Eve, were two hundred and twenty-three days, that is seven months and thirteen days.

9 Thus was Satan's war with Adam defeated.



The birth of Cain and Luluwa. Why they received those names.

AND they dwelt on the earth working, in order to continue in the well-being of their bodies; and were so until the nine months of Eve's childbearing were ended, and the time drew near when she must be delivered.

2 Then she said unto Adam, "This cave is a pure spot by reason of the signs wrought in it since we left the garden; and we shall again pray in it. It is not meet, then, that I should bring forth in it; let us rather repair to that of the sheltering rock, which Satan hurled at us, when he wished to kill us with it; but that was held up and spread as an awning over us by the command of God; and formed a cave."

3 Then Adam removed Eve to that cave; and when the time came that she should bring forth, she travailed much. So was Adam sorry, and his heart suffered for her sake; for she was nigh unto death; that the word of God to her should be fulfilled: "In suffering shalt thou bear a child, and in sorrow shalt thou bring forth thy child."

4 But when Adam saw the strait in which Eve was, he arose and prayed to God, and said, "O Lord, look upon me with the eye of Thy mercy, and bring her out of her distress."

5 And God looked at His maid-servant Eve, and delivered her, and she brought forth her first-born son, and with him a daughter.

6 Then Adam rejoiced at Eve's deliverance, and also over the children she had borne him. And Adam ministered unto Eve in the cave, until the end of eight days; when they named the son Cain, and the daughter Luluwa.

7 The meaning of Cain is "hater," because he hated his sister in their mother's womb; ere they came out of it. Therefore did Adam name him Cain.

8 But Luluwa means "beautiful," because she was more beautiful than her mother.

9 Then Adam and Eve waited until Cain and his sister were forty days old, when Adam said unto Eve, "We will make an offering and offer it up in behalf of the children."

10 And Eve said, "We will make one offering for the firstborn son; and afterwards we shall make one for the daughter."



The family revisits the Cave of Treasures. Birth of Abel and Aklemia.

THEN Adam prepared an offering, and he and Eve offered it up for their children, and brought it to the altar they had built at first.

2 And Adam offered up the offering, and besought God to accept his offering.

3 Then God accepted Adam's offering, and sent a light from heaven that shone upon the offering. And Adam and the son drew near to the offering, but Eve and the daughter did not approach unto it.

4 Then Adam came down from upon the altar, and they were joyful; and Adam and Eve waited until the daughter was eighty days old; then Adam prepared an offering and took it to Eve and to the children; and they went to the altar, where Adam offered it up, as he was wont, asking the Lord to accept his offering.

5 And the Lord accepted the offering of Adam and Eve. Then Adam, Eve, and the children, drew near together, and came down from the mountain, rejoicing.

6 But they returned not to the cave in which they were born; but came to the Cave of Treasures, in order that the children should go round it, and be blessed with the tokens brought from the garden.

7 But after they had been blessed with these tokens, they went back to the cave in which they were born.

8 However, before Eve had offered up the offering, Adam had taken her, and had gone with her to the river of water, in which they threw themselves at first; and there they washed themselves. Adam washed his body and Eve hers also clean, after the suffering and distress that had come upon them.

9 But Adam and Eve, after washing themselves in the river of water, returned every night to the Cave of Treasures, where they prayed and were blessed; and then went back to their cave where the children were born

10 So did Adam and Eve until the children had done sucking. Then, when they were weaned, Adam made an offering for the souls of his children; other than the three times he made an offering for them, every week.

11 When the days of nursing the children were ended, Eve again conceived, and when her days were accomplished she brought forth another son and daughter; and they named the son Abel, and the daughter Aklia.

12 Then at the end of forty days, Adam made an offering for the son, and at the end of eighty days he made another offering for the daughter, and did by them, as he had done before by Cain and his sister Luluwa.

13 He brought them to the Cave of Treasures, where they received a blessing, and then returned to the cave where they were born. After the birth of these, Eve ceased from childbearing.



Cain becomes jealous because of his sisters.

A ND the children began to wax stronger, and to grow in stature; but Cain was hardhearted, and ruled over his younger brother.

2 And oftentimes when his father made an offering, he would remain behind and not go with them, to offer up.

p. 55

3 But, as to Abel, he had a meek heart, and was obedient to his father and mother, whom he often moved to make an offering, because he loved it; and prayed and fasted much.

4 Then came this sign to Abel. As he was coming into the Cave of Treasures, and saw the golden rods, the incense and the myrrh, he inquired of his parents Adam and Eve concerning them, and said unto them, "How did you come by these?"

5 Then Adam told him all that had befallen them. And Abel felt deeply about what his father told him.

6 Furthermore his father Adam, told him of the works of God, and of the garden; and after that, he remained behind his father the whole of that night in the Cave of Treasures.

7 And that night, while he was praying, Satan appeared unto him under the figure of a man, who said to him, "Thou hast oftentimes moved thy father to make an offering, to fast and to pray, therefore I will kill thee, and make thee perish from this world."

8 But as for Abel, he prayed to God, and drove away Satan from him; and believed not the words of the devil. Then when it was day, an angel of God appeared unto him, who said to him, "Shorten neither fasting, prayer, nor offering up an oblation unto thy God. For, lo, the Lord has accepted thy prayer. Be not afraid of the figure which appeared unto thee in the night, and who cursed thee unto death." And the angel departed from him.

9 Then when it was day, Abel came to Adam and Eve, and told them of the vision he had seen. But when they heard it, they grieved much over it, yet said nothing to him about it; they only comforted him.

10 But as to hard-hearted Cain, Satan came to him by night, showed himself and said unto him, "Since Adam and Eve love thy brother Abel much more than they love thee, and wish to join him in marriage to thy beautiful sister, because they love him; but wish to join thee in marriage to his ill-favoured sister, because they hate thee;

11 "Now, therefore, I counsel thee, when they do that, to kill thy brother; then thy sister will be left for thee; and his sister will be cast, away."

12 And Satan departed from him. But the wicked One remained behind in the heart of Cain, who sought many a time, to kill his brother.



Cain, 15 years old, and Abel 12 years old, grow apart.

BUT when Adam saw that the elder brother hated the younger, he endeavoured to soften their hearts, and said unto Cain, "Take, O my son, of the fruits of thy sowing, and make an offering unto God, that He may forgive thee thy wickedness and thy sin."

2 He said also to Abel, "Take thou of thy sowing and make an offering and bring it to God, that He may forgive thy wickedness and thy sin."

3 Then Abel hearkened unto his father's voice, and took of his sowing, and made a good offering, and said to his father, Adam, "Come with me, to show me how to offer it up."

4 And they went, Adam and Eve with him, and showed him how to offer up his gift upon the altar. Then after that, they stood up and prayed that God would accept Abel's offering.

5 Then God looked upon Abel and accepted his offering. And God was more pleased with Abel than with his offering, because of his good heart and pure body. There was no trace of guile in him.

6 Then they came down from the altar, and went to the cave in which they dwelt. But Abel, by reason of his joy at having made his offering, repeated it three times a week, after the example of his father Adam.

7 But as to Cain, he took no pleasure in offering; but after much anger on his father's part, he offered up his gift once; and when he did offer up, his eye was on the offering he made, and he took the smallest of his sheep for an offering, and his eye was again on it. '

8 Therefore God did not accept his offering, because his heart was full of murderous thoughts.

9 And they all thus lived together in the cave in which Eve had brought forth, until Cain was fifteen years old, and Abel twelve years old.



Jealousy overcomes Cain. He makes trouble in the family. How the first murder was planned.

THEN Adam said to Eve, "Behold the children are grown up; we must think of finding wives for them."

2 Then Eve answered, "How can we do it?"

3 Then Adam said to her, "We will join Abel's sister in marriage to Cain, and Cain's sister to Abel."

4 Then said Eve to Adam, "I do not like Cain because he is hard-hearted; but let them bide until we offer up unto the Lord in their behalf."

5 And Adam said no more.

6 Meanwhile Satan came to Cain in the figure of a man of the field, and said to him, "Behold Adam and Eve have taken counsel together about the marriage of you two; and they have agreed to marry Abel's sister to thee, and thy sister to him.

7 "But if it was not that I love thee, I would not have told thee this thing. Yet if thou wilt take my advice, and hearken to me, I will bring: thee on thy wedding day beautiful robes, gold and silver in plenty, and my relations will attend thee."

8 Then Cain said with joy, "Where are thy relations?"

9 And Satan answered, "My relations are in a garden in the north, whither I once meant to bring thy father Adam; but he would not accept my offer.

10 "But thou, if thou wilt receive my words and if thou wilt come unto me after thy wedding, thou shalt rest from the misery in which thou art; and thou shalt rest and be better off than thy father Adam."

11 At these words of Satan Cain opened his ears, and leant towards his speech.

12 And he did not remain in the field, but he went to Eve, his mother, and beat her, and cursed her, and said to her, "Why are ye about taking my sister to wed her to my brother? Am I dead""

13 His mother, however, quieted him, and sent him to the field where be had been.

14 Then when Adam came, she told him of what Cain had done.

15 But Adam grieved and held his peace, and said not a word.

16 Then on the morrow Adam said unto Cain his son, "Take of thy sheep, young and good, and offer them up unto thy God; and I will speak to thy brother, to make unto his God an offering of corn."

17 They both hearkened to their father Adam, and they took their offerings, and offered them up on the mountain by the altar.

18 But Cain behaved haughtily towards his brother, and thrust him from the altar, and would not let him offer up his gift upon the altar; but he offered his own upon it, with a proud heart, full of guile, and fraud.

19 But as for Abel, he set up stones that were near at hand, and upon that, he offered up his gift with a heart humble and free from guile.

20 Cain was then standing by the altar on which he had offered up his gift; and he cried unto God to accept his offering; but God did not accept it from him; neither did a divine fire come down to consume his offering.

21 But he remained standing over against the altar, out of humour and wroth, looking towards his brother Abel, to see if God would accept his offering or not.

22 And Abel prayed unto God to accept his offering. Then a divine fire came down and consumed his offering. And God smelled the sweet savour of his offering; because Abel loved Him and rejoiced in Him.

23 And because God was well pleased with him He sent him an angel of light in the figure of man who had partaken of his offering, because He had smelled the sweet savour of his offering, and they comforted Abel and strengthened his heart.

24 But Cain was looking on all that took place at his brother's offering, and was wroth on account of it.

25 Then he opened his mouth and blasphemed God, because He had not accepted his offering.

26 But God said unto Cain, "Wherefore is thy countenance sad? Be righteous, that I may accept thy offering. Not against

Me hast thou murmured, but against thyself."

27 And God said this to Cain in rebuke, and because He abhorred him and his offering.

28 And Cain came down from the altar, his colour changed and of a woeful countenance, and came to his father and mother and told them all that had befallen him. And Adam grieved much because God had not accepted Cain's offering.

29 But Abel came down rejoicing, and with a gladsome heart, and told his father and mother how God had accepted his offering. And they rejoiced at it and kissed his face.

30 And Abel said to his father, "Because Cain thrust me from the altar, and would not allow me to offer my gift upon it, I made an altar for myself and offered my gift upon it."

31 But when Adam heard this he was very sorry, because it was the altar he had built at first, and upon which he had offered his own gifts.

32 As to Cain, he was so sullen and so angry that he went into the field, where Satan came to him and said to him, "Since thy brother Abel has taken refuge with thy father Adam, because thou didst thrust him from the altar, they have kissed his face, and they rejoice over him, far more than over thee."

33 When Cain heard these words of Satan, he was filled with rage; and he let no one know. But he was laying wait to kill his brother, until he brought him into the cave, and then said to him:--

34 "O brother, the country is so beautiful, and there are such beautiful and pleasurable trees in it, and charming to look at! But brother, thou hast never been one day in the field to take thy pleasure therein.

35 "To-day, O, my brother, I very much wish thou wouldest come with me into the field, to enjoy thyself and to bless our fields and our flocks, for thou art righteous, and I love thee much, O my brother! but thou hast estranged thyself from me."

36 Then Abel consented to go with his brother Cain into the field.

37 But before going out, Cain said to Abel, "Wait for me, until I fetch a staff, because of wild beasts."

38 Then Abel stood waiting in his innocence. But Cain, the forward, fetched a staff and went out.

39 And they began, Cain and his brother Abel, to walk in the way; Cain talking to him, and comforting him, to make him forget everything.


A wicked plan is carried to a tragic conclusion. Cain is frightened. "Am I my brother's keeper?" The seven punishments. Peace is shattered.

AND so they went on, until they came to a lonely place, where there were no sheep; then Abel said to Cain, "Behold, my brother, we are weary of walking; for we see none of the trees, nor of the fruits, nor of the verdure, nor of the sheep, nor any one of the things of which thou didst tell me. Where are those sheep of thine thou didst tell me to bless?"

2 Then Cain said to him, "Come on, and presently thou shalt see many beautiful things. but go before me, until I come up to thee."

3 Then went Abel forward, but Cain remained behind him.

4 And Abel was walking in his innocence, without guile; not believing his brother would kill him.

5 Then Cain, when he came up to him, comforted him with his talk, walking a little behind him; then he hastened, and smote him with the staff, blow upon blow, until he was stunned,

6 But when Abel fell down upon the ground, seeing that his brother meant to kill him, he said to Cain, "O, my brother, have pity on me. By the breasts we have sucked, smite me not! By the womb that bare us and that brought us into the world, smite me not unto death with that staff! If thou wilt kill me, take one of these large stones, and kill me outright."

7 Then Cain, the hard-hearted, and cruel murderer, took a large stone, and smote his brother with it upon the head, until his brains oozed out, and he weltered in his blood, before him.

8 And Cain repented not of what he had done.

9 But the earth, when the blood of righteous Abel fell upon it, trembled, as it drank his blood, and would have brought Cain to naught for it.

10 And the blood of Abel cried mysteriously to God, to avenge him of his murderer.

11 Then Cain began at once to dig the earth wherein to lay his brother; for he was trembling from the fear that came upon him, when he saw the earth tremble on his account.

12 He then cast his brother into the pit he made, and covered him with dust. But the earth would not receive him; but it threw him up at once.

13 Again did Cain dig the earth and hid his brother in it; but again did the earth throw him up on itself; until three times did the earth thus throw up on itself the body of Abel.

14 The muddy earth threw him up the first time, because he was not the first creation; and it threw him up the second time and would not receive him, because he was righteous and good, and was killed without a cause; and the earth threw him up the third time and would not receive him, that there might remain before his brother a witness against him.

15 And so did the earth mock Cain, until the Word of God, came to him concerning his brother.

16 Then was God angry, and much displeased at Abel's death; and He thundered from heaven, and lightnings went before Him, and the Word of the Lord God came from heaven to Cain, and said unto him, "Where is Abel thy brother?"

17 Then Cain answered with a proud heart and a gruff voice, "How, O God? am I my brother's keeper?"

18 Then God said unto Cain, "Cursed be the earth that has drunk the blood of Abel thy brother; and thou, be thou trembling and shaking; and this will be a sign unto thee, that whosoever finds thee, shall kill thee."

19 But Cain wept because God had said those words to him; and Cain said unto Him "O God, whosoever finds me shall kill me, and I shall be blotted out from the face of the earth."

20 Then God said unto Cain, "Whosoever shall find thee shall not kill thee;" because before this, God had been saying to Cain, "I shall forego seven punishments on him who kills Cain." For as to the word of God to Cain, "Where is thy brother?" God said it in mercy for him, to try and make him repent.

21 For if Cain had repented at that time, and had said, "O God, forgive me my sin, and the murder of my brother," God would then have forgiven him his sin.

22 And as to God saying to Cain, "Cursed be the ground that has drunk the blood of thy brother" that also, was God's mercy on Cain. For God did not curse him, but He cursed the ground; although it was not the ground that had killed Abel, and had committed iniquity.

23 For it was meet that the curse should fall upon the murderer; yet in mercy did God so manage His thoughts as that no one should know it, and turn away from Cain.

24 And He said to him, "Where is thy brother?" To which he answered and said, "I know not." Then the Creator said to him, "Be trembling and quaking."

25 Then Cain trembled and became terrified; and through this sign did God make him an example before all the creation, as the murderer of his brother. Also did God bring trembling and terror upon him, that he might see the peace in which he was at first, and see also the trembling and terror he endured at the last; so that he might humble himself before God, and repent of his sin, and seek the peace he enjoyed at first.

26 And in the word of God that said, "I will forego seven punishments on whomsoever kills Cain," God was not seeking to kill Cain with the sword, but He sought to make him die of fasting, and praying and weeping by hard rule, until the time that he was delivered from his sin.

27 And the seven punishments are the seven generations during which God awaited Cain for the murder of his brother.

28 But as to Cain, ever since he had killed his brother, he could find no rest in any place; but went back to Adam and Eve, trembling, terrified, and defiled with blood. . . .


(THE FOGOTTEN BOOKS OF EDEN – edited by RUTHERFORD H. PLATT, Jr – Published by Word Bible Publishers, Inc - 1926)








THIS new fragment of early literature came to light through certain manuscripts which were recently found in Russia and Servia and so far as is yet known has been preserved only in Slavonic. Little is known of its origin except that in its present form it was written somewhere about the beginning of the Christian era.   Its final ditor was a Greek and the place of its composition Egypt.   Its value lies in the unquestioned influence which it has exerted on the writers of the New Testament. Some of the dark passages of the latter being all but inexplicable without its aid.

Although the very knowledge that such a book ever existed was lost.for probably 1200 years, it_neyertheless was much used by both Christian and heretic in the early centuries and forms a most valuable document in any study of the forms of early Christianity.

The writing appeals to the reader who thrills to lend wings to his thoughts and fly to mystical realms. Here is a strange dramati­zation of eternity—with views on Creation, Anthropology, and Ethics. As the world was made in six days, so its history would be accomplished in 6,000 years (or 6,000,000 years), and this would be followed by 1,000 years of rest (possibly when the "balance of conflicting moral forces has been struck and human life has reached the ideal state). At its close would begin the 8th Eternal Day, when time should be no more.




An account of the mechanism of the world showing the machinery of the sun and moon in operation. Astronomy and an interesting ancient calendar. See Chapter 15-17 also 21. What the world was like before Creation, see Chapter 84- Chapter 26 is especially picturesque. A unique account of how Satan was created

(Chapter 29.)

THERE was a wise man, a great artificer, and the Lord conceived love for him and received him, that he should behold the uppermost dwellings and be an eye-witness of the wise and great and inconceivable and immutable realm of God Almighty, of the very wonderful and glorious and bright and many-eyed station of the Lord's servants, and of the inaccessible throne of the Lord, and of the degrees and manifestations of the incorporeal hosts, and of the ineffable ministration of the multitude of the elements, and of the various apparition and inexpressible singing of the host of Cherubim, and of the boundless light.



The Instruction.How Enoch instructed his sons.


LISTEN to me, my children, , I know not whither I go, or what will befall me; now therefore, my children, I tell you: turn not from God before the face of the vain, who made not Heaven and earth, for these shall perish and those who wor­ship them, and may the Lord make confident your hearts in the fear of him. And now, my children, let no one think to seek me, until the Lord return me to you.


Of Enoch's assumption;

how the angels took him into the first heaven.


IT came to pass, when Enoch had told his sons, that the angels took him on to their wings and bore him up on to Jhg,,,. first .heaven and placed him on the clouds. And there I looked, and again I looked higher, and saw_ the ether, and they placed me on the first heaven and showed me a very great Sea, ;reater than the earthly sea.


Of the Angels ruling the stars.

THEY brought before myface the elders and rulers of the stellar orders, and showed me two hundred angels, who rule the stars and their services to the heavens, and fly with their wings and come round all those, who sail.



Of  how  the Angels keep   the store-houses of the snow.

AND here I looked down and saw the treasure-houses of the snow, and the angels who keep their terrible store-houses, and the clouds whence they come out and into which they go.


Of the dew and of the olive-oil, and   various flowers.

THEY showed me the treasure-house of the dew, like oil of the olive, and the appear­ance of its form, as of all the flowers of the earth; further many angels guarding the treas­ure-houses of these things, and how they are made to shut and open.



Of how Enoch was taken on to the second heaven.

AND those men took me and led me up on to the sec­ond heaven, and showed me darkness, greater than earthly darkness, and there I saw pris­oners hanging, watched, awaiting the great and boundless judge­ment, and , these angels were dark-looking, more than earthly darkness, and incessantly making weeping through all hours.

2 And I said to the men who were with me: 'Wherefore ar these incessantly tortured?' they answered me: /These are God's ipostates, who obeyed not God's ommands, but took counsel with their own will, and turned away with their prince, who also is 'astened on the fifth heaven.

3 And I felt great pity for them, and they saluted me, and said to me: 'Man of God, pray for us to the'Lord'; and I an­swered to them: 'Who_ am I, a mortal man, that I sFould pray for "angels? who knoweth whither I go, or what will befall me? or who will pray for me?'



Of the assumption of Enoch to the third heaven.

AND those men took me thence, and led me up on to the third heaven, and placed me there; and I looked down­wards, and saw the produce of these places, such as has never been known for goodness.

2  And I  saw all the sweet flowering trees and beheld their fruits,  which  were sweet-smell­ ing, and all the foods borne by

them   bubbling   with   fragra nt  exhalation.

3  And in the midst of the trees that of life, in that place whereon  the  Lord  rests,  when he goes up into paradise;   and this tree is of ineffable goodness and fragrance, and adorned more than every existing thing; and on all is in form goldlooking and vermilion and firelike and covers all, and it has produce from all fruits.

4  Its root is in the garden at the earth's end.

5  And paradise is between  corruptibility and  incorruptibil­ity.

6  And two springs come out which   send   forth   honey   and milk, and their springs send forth oil and wine, and they separate into four parts,  and go round with quiet course, and go down into the PARADISE OF EDEN, between   corruptibility and incorruptibility.

7  And thence they go  forth along the earth, and have a revo­

lution to  their circle even as other elements.

8  And here there is no un­ fruitful tree, and every place is blessed.

9  And there are three hundrec angels very bright, who keep the garden, and with incessant sweet singing  and  never-silent  voices serve the Lord throughout all days and hours.

10  And  I said: 'How  very sweet is this place,' and those

men said to me:


The showing to Enoch of the place of the righteous and compassionate.

THIS place, 0 Enoch, is prepared for the righteous, who endure all manner of of­fence from those that exasperate their souls, who avert their eyes from iniquity, and make right­eous judgement, and give bread to the hungering, and cover the naked with clothing, and raise up the fallen, and help injured orphans, and who walk without fault before the face of the Lord, and serve him alone, and for them is prepared this place for eternal inheritance.


Here they showed Enoch the terrible place and various tortures.

AND those two men led me up on to the Northern side, and showed me there a very terrible place, and there were all manner of tortures in that place: cruel darkness and un-illumined gloom, and there is no light there, but murky fire con­stantly flameth aloft, and there is a fiery river coming forth, and that whole place is every­where fire, and everywhere there is frost and ice, thirst and shiver­ing, while the bonds are very cruel, and the angels fearful and merciless, bearing angry weapons, merciless   torture,   and  I  said:

2  Woe, woe, how very terrible is this place.'

3  And those men said to me: This place, 0 Enoch, is prepared for those who  dishonour God, who on earth practise sin against nature, which is child-corruption after the sodomitic    fashion, magic-making, enchantments and devilish   witchcrafts,   and   who boast of their wicked deeds, stealing, lies, calumnies, envy, rancour, fornication, murder, and who, accursed, steal the souls of men, who, seeing the poor take away their goods and themselves wax rich, injuring them for other men's goods; who being able to satisfy the empty, made the hungering to die; being able to clothe, stripped the naked; and who knew not their creator, and bowed down to soulless (se. life­ less) Gods, who cannot see nor hear, vain gods, who also built hewn images and bow down to unclean handiwork, for all these is prepared this place amongst these, for eternal inheritance.



Here they took Enoch up on to the fourth heaven where is the course of sun and moon.

THOSE men took me, and led me up on to the fourth heaven, and showed me all the successive goings, and all the rays of the light of sun and moon.

2  And I measured their goings, and  compared  their light,  and saw that the sun's light is greater than the moon's.

3  Its circle and the wheels on which it goes always, like a wind going past with very marvellous speed, and day and night it has no rest.*

'4 Its passage and return are accompanied by four great stars, and each star has under it a thousand stars, to the right of the sun's wheel, and by four to the left, each having under it a thousand stars, altogether eight thousand, issuing with the sun continually.

5  And by day fifteen myriads of angels attend it, and by night a thousand.

6  And  six-winged  ones  issue with the angels before the sun's wheel into the fiery flames, and a hundred angels kindle the sun and set it alight.



Of the very marvellous elements of the sun.

AND I looked and saw other flying elements of the sun, whose names are Phoenixes and Chalkydri, marvellous and won­derful, with feet and tails in the form of a lion, and a crocodile's head, their appearance is em­purpled, like the rainbow; their size_ is nine hundred measures, their wings are like those of angels, each has twelve, and they attend and accompany the sun, bearing heat and dew, as it is ordered them from God.

2 Thus the sun revolves and goes, and rises under the heaven and its course goes under the earth with the light of its rays incessantly.



The angels took Enoch anc placed him in the east at the sun's gates.

THOSE men bore me away to the east, and placed me at the sun's gates,  where the sun goes forth according to the  regulation  of the seasons  anc

*Cf. "Eapid Transit."  

he circuit of the months of the whole year, and the number of ;he hours day and night.

2 And I saw six gates open, each gate having sixty-one stadia and a quarter of one stadium, and I measured them truly, and understood their size to be so much, through which the sun goes forth, and goes to the west, and is made even, and rises throughout all the months, and turns back again from the six gates according to the succession of the seasons; thus the period of the whole year is finished after the returns of the four seasons.



                             They took Enoch to the West.

AND again those men led me away to the western parts, and showed me six great gates open corresponding to the East­ern gates, opposite to where the sun sets, according to the num­ber of the days three hundred and sixty-five and a quarter.

2 Thus again it goes down to the western gates, and draws away its light, the greatness of its brightness, under the earth; for since the crown of its shin­ing is in heaven with the Lord, and guarded by four hundred angels, while the sun goes round on wheel under the earth, and stands seven great hours in night, and spends half its course under the earth, when it comes to the eastern approach in the eighth hour of the night, it brings its lights, and the crown of shining, and the sun flames forth more than fire.



The elements of the sun, the Phoenixes and Chalkydri broke into song.


THEN the elements of the sun, called Phoenixes  and  Chalkydri break into song, therefore every bird flutters with its wings, rejoicing at the giver of light, and they broke into song at the command of the Lord.

2  The giver of light comes to give   brightness   to   the   whole world, and the morning guard takes shape, which is the rays of the sun, and the sun of the earth goes out, and receives its brightness to light up the wholeface   of   the   earth,   and   they showed me this calculation of the sun's going.

3  And the gates which it en­ ters, these are the great gates of the computation of the hours of the year; for this reason the sun is a great creation, whose { circuit lasts twenty-eight years, anoT begins again from the begin­ning.



They took Enoch and again placed him in the east

at the course of the moon.


THOSE men showed me the other course, that of the moon,    twelve great gates,crowned from west to east, by which the moon goes in and out of the customary times.

2 It goes in at the first gate to the western places of the sun, by the first gates with thirty-one days exactly, by the second gates with thirty-one days exactly, by the third with thirty days exactly, by the fourth with thirty days exactly, by the fifth with thirty-one days exactly, by the sixth with thirty-one days exactly, by the seventh with thirty days exactly, by the eighth with thirty-one days per­fectly, by the ninth with thirty-one days exactly, by the tenth with thirty days perfectly, by the eleventh with thirty-one days exactly, by the twelfth with twenty-eight days exactly.

3  And  it  goes  through   the western gates in the order and number of the eastern, and ac­ complishes the   three...,hundred and sixty-five and a quarter days of the solar year, while the lunar year has three hundred and fifty-four, and there are wanting to it twelve days of the solar circle, wlieh are the lunar epacts of the whole year.

4  [Thus, too, the great circle contains five hundred, and thirty-

two years.]

5  The  quarter of a day is omitted   for   three   years,   the fourth fulfils it exactly.

6  Therefore   they   are   taken outside of heaven for three years and are not added to the num­ ber of days, because they change the time of the years to two new months towards  completion, to two others towards diminution.

7  And when the western gates are finished, it returns and goes

to the eastern to the lights, and goes thus day and night about

the heavenly circles, lower than all circles,  swifter than "We heav­

enly winds, and spirits and ele­ments  and  angels flying;   each angel has six wings.

8  It has a sevenfold course in nineteen years.



Of the singings of the angels, which it is impossible to describe.


IN the midst of the heavens X I saw armed soldiers, serv­ing the. Lord, with tympana and organs, with incessant voice, with sweet voice, with sweet and .incessant voice and various sing ing, which it is impossible to describe, and which astonishes every mind, so wonderful and marvellous is the singing of those angels, and I was delighted list­ening to it.



Of the taking of Enoch on to the fifth heaven.


THE men took me on to the fifth heaven and placed me, there I saw many and count­less soldiers, called Grigori, of human appearance, and their size was greater than that of great giants and their faces withered, and the silence of their mouths perpetual, and there was no service on the fifth heaven, and I said to the men who were with me:

2  Wherefore  are  these  very withered  and their faces mel­ ancholy, and their mouths silent, and wherefore is there no serv­ ice on this heaven?'

3  And they said to me: These are the Grigori, who with their

prince    Satanail    rejected    the Lord of light, and after them are those who are held in great darkness on the second heaven, and three of them went down on to earth from the Lord's throne, to the place Ermon, and broke through their vows on the shoul­ der of the hill Ermon* and saw the daughters of men how good they are, and took to themselves wives,   and  befouled  the  earth with   their   deeds,   who   in   all  times of their age made lawless­ ness and mixing, and giants are

born  and  marvellous big men and great enmity.

4  And therefore God judged them with great judgement, and

they  weep   for  their  brethren and they will be punished on the Lord's great day.

5  And I said to the Grigori: 'I saw your brethren and their

works, and their great torments, and I prayed for them, but the Lord has condemned them to be under earth till heaven and earth shall end for ever.'

6  And I said: 'Wherefore do you wait, brethren, and do not serve before the Lord's face, and have not put your services before the Lord's face, lest you anger your Lord utterly?'

7 And they listened to my ad­monition, and spoke to the four ranks in heaven, and lo! as I stood with those two men four trumpets trumpeted together with great voice, and the Grigori broke into song with one voice, and their voice went up before the Lord pitifully and affectingly.



Of the taking of Enoch on to the sixth heaven.

AND thence those men took me and bore me up on to the sixth heaven, and there I saw seven bands of angels, very bright and very glorious, and their faces shining more than the sun’s shining, glistening, and there is no difference in their faces, or behaviour, or manner of dress; and these make the orders, and learn the goings of the stars, and the alteration of the moon, or revolution of the sun, and the good government of the world.

2  And when they see evil doing they make commandments and instruction, and sweet and loud singing, and all songs of praise.

3  These are the archangels who are above angels, measure all life in heaven and on earth, and the angels who are are ap­  pointed over seasons and years, the angels who are over rivers

and sea, and who are over the fruits of the earth, and the angels

who are over every grass, giving food to all, to every living thing, deeds, and their lives before the Lord' face; in their midst are and the angels who write all the souls of men, and all their six Phoenixes and six Cherubim and six sixwinged ones  continually

with one voice singing one voice and it is not possibleto describi their singing, and they rejoict before the Lord at his




Hence they took Enoch into th Seventh Heaven.

AND those two men lifted me up thence on to th seventh Heaven, and I saw therv a very great light, and fierj troops of great archangels, in­corporeal forces, and dominions, oTdefs and governments, cher­ubim and seraphim, thrones and many-eyed ones, nine regiments, the Ioanit stations of light, and I became afraid, and began to tremble with great terror, and those men took me, and led me after them, and said to me:

2  'Have   courage,  Enoch,   do not fear,' and showed me the Lord from afar, sitting on His very high throne. For what is there on the tenthTTSaven; since the Lord dwells here?

3  On the tenth heaven is God, in the Hebrew tongue he is called


4  And all the heavenly troops would come and stand on the ten steps according to their rank, and  would  bow  down  to   the Lord,  and would again go to their places in joy and felicity, singing songs in the boundless fight with small and   tender voices, gloriously serving him.



Of how the angels here left Enoch, at the end of the seventh Heaven, and went away from him unseen.


AND the cherubim and seraphim standing about the throne, the six-winged and manyeyed ones do not depart,  standin,g before the Lord's face doing his will, and , cover his whole throne, singing with gentle voice before the Lord's face: Holy, holy, holy     Lord Ruler of Sabaoth,  heavens  and  earth  are full of Thy glory.'

2  When I saw all these things, those men said to me: 'Enoch, thus far is it commanded us to journey  with  thee,'  and those men went away from me and thereupon I saw them not.

3  And I remained alone at the end of the seventh heaven and became afraid, and fell on my face, and said to myself: 'Woe

is me, what has befallen me?'

4  And the Lord sent one of his glorious ones, the archangel

Gabriel^ and  he  safd  to  me: 'Have*" courage,  Enoch,  do  not fear, arise before the Lord's face into eternity, arise, come with me?

5  And I answered him, andsaid in myself: 'My Lord, my soul is departed from me, from terror   and   trembling,'   and I called to the men who led me up to this place, on them I relied, and it is with them I go before the Lord's face.

6  And Gabriel caught me up,as a leaf caught up by the wind, and placed me before the Lord's face.

7  And I saw the eighth Heaven, which is called in the Hebrew tongue M u z a 1 o t h, changer of the seasons, of drought, and of wet, and of the twelve,.signs., of .the zodiac, which are above the seventh Heaven.

8  And I saw the ninth Heaven, which is called in Hebrew Ku-

chavim, where are the heavenly homes of the twelve signs of the




In the tenth Heaven the arch­angel Michael led Enoch to before the Lord's face.

ON the tenth Heaven, Aravoth I saw the appearance of the Lord's face, like iron made to glow in fire, and brought out, mitting sparks, and it burns.

2 Thus I saw the Lord's face, but the Lord's face is ineffable, marvellous and very awful, and very, very terrible.

3  And who am I to tell of the Lord's  unspeakable  being, and

of his very wonderful face?  And I cannot tell the quantity of his many instructions, and various voices, the Lord's throne very great and not made with hands, nor the quantity of those stand­ ing round him, troops of cher­ ubim  and  seraphim,  nor their incessant singing, nor his immu­ table beauty, andwhb shall tell of the ineffable greatness of his glory?

4  And I fell prone and bowed down to the Lord, and the Lord

with his lips said to me:

5  'Have  courage,  Enoch, do not fear, arise and stand before

my face into eternity.'

6  And  the archistratege Mi­ chael liftedTni up, and led me to

before the Lord's face.

7  And the Lord said to his servants   tempting   them:   'Let Enoch stand before my face into eternity,' and the glorious ones bowed down to the Lord, and said:  'Let Enoch go according to Thy word.'

8  And   the   Lord   said   to Michael:  'Go and take Enoch from out his earthly garments, and anoint him with my sweet ointment, and put him into the garments of My glory.'

9  And Michael did thus, as the Lord told him.   He anointed

me, and dressed me, and the ap­ pearance  of  that ointment   is more than the great light, and his ointment is like sweet Sew; and its smell mild, shining like the sun's ray, and I looked at myself, and was like one of his glorious ones.

10And the Lord summoned one of his archangels by name

Pravuil, whose knowledge was quicker in wisdom than the other

archangels,  who  wrote  all  the deeds of the Lord; and the Lord said to Pravuil:

11 'Bring put the books from my store-houses, and a reed of quick-writing, and give it to Enoch, and deliver to him the choice and comforting books out of thy hand.'



Of Enoch's writing, how he wrote his wonderful journey-ings and the heavenly appari­tions and himself wrote three hundred and sixty-six books.

AND he was telling me all the works of heaven, earth and sea, and all the elements,, their passages and goings, and the thunderings of the thunders, the sun and moon, the goings and changes of the stars, the seasons, years, days, and hours, the risings of the wind, the num­bers of the angels, and the for­mation of their songs, and all human things, the tongue of every human song and life, the commandments, instructions, and sweet-voiced singings, and all things that it is fitting to learn.

2 And Pravuil told me: 'All the things that I have told thee, we have written. Sit and write all the souls of mankind, how­ever many of them are born, and the places prepared for them to eternity; for all souls are pre­pared to eternity, before the formation of the world.'

3 And all double thirty days and thirty nights, and I wrote out all things exactly, and wrote three hundred and sixty-six books.



Of the great secrets of God, which God revealed and told to Enoch, and spoke with him face to face.

AND the Lord summoned me, and said to me:  'Enoch, sit   down on my left with Gabriel’.

 2 And I bowed down to the Lord, and the Lord spoke to me: Enoch, beloved, all thou seest, SIT things that are standing finished I tell to thee even be­fore the very beginning, all that I created from non-being, and visible things from invisible.

3  Hear, Enoch, and take in these my words, for not to My

angels have I told my secret, and I have not told them their rise, norjtny endless realm, nor have they   understood   my   creating, which I tell thee to-day.

4  For before all things were visible, I alone used to go about

in the invisible things, like the sun from east to west, and from west to east.

5  But even the sun has peace in itself, while I found no peace,

because I was creating all things, and I conceived the thought of placing foundations, and of creat­ ing visible creation.



God relates to Enoch, how out of the very lowest darkness comes down the visible and invisible.


I COMMANDED in the very lowest parts, that visible things should come down from invisible, and Adoil came down very great, and I beheld him, and lo! he had a belly of great light.

2  And I said to him:   'Be­ come undone, Adoil, and let the

visible come out of thee.'

3  And he came undone, and a great light came out.   And I

was in the midst of the great light, and as there is born light

from light, there came forth a great age, and showed all crea­

tion,  which I  had thought to create.

4  And I saw that it was good.

5  And I placed for myself a throne, and took my seat on it,

and said to the light: 'Go thou up higher and fit thyself high above the throne, and be a foun­dation to the highest things.'

6 And above the light there is nothing else, and then I bent up and looked up from my throne.



God summons from the very low­est a second time that Archas, heavy and very red should come forth.


AND I summoned the very lowest a second time, and said:   'Let  Archas   come  forth hard,' and he came forth hard from the invisible.

2  And   Archas   came   forth, hard, heavy, and very red.

3  And   I   said:   'Be  opened, Archas, and let there be born

from thee,' and he came undo ne,an age came forth, very great and very dark, bearing the crea­ tion of all lower things, and I saw that it was good and said to him:

4  'Go thou down below, and make thyself firm, and be for a

foundation for the lower things,' and it happened and he went down and fixed himself, and be­ came   the   foundation   for   the lower things, and below the dark­ ness there is nothing else.



Of how God founded the water, and surrounded it with light, and established on it seven islands.


AND I commanded that there should be taken from light and darkness, and I said: 'Be thick,' and it became thus, and I spread it out with the light, and it became water, and I spread it out over the darkness, below the light, and then I made firm the waters, that is to say the bottomless, and I made foun­dation of light around the water, and created seven circles from inside, and imaged it (sc. the water) like crystal wet and dry, that is to say like glass, and the circumcession of the waters and the other elements, and I showed each one of them its road, and the seven stars each one of them in its heaven, that they go thus, and I saw that it was good.

2 And I separated between light and between darkness, that is to say in the midst of the water hither and thither, and I said to the light, that it should be the day, and to the darkness, that it should be the night, and there was evening and there was morning the first day.



The week in which God showed Enoch all his wisdom and power, throughout all the seven days, how he created all the heavenly and earthly forces and all moving things even down to man.


AND then I made firm the heavenly circle, and made that the lower water which is under heaven collect itself to­gether, into one whole, and that the chaos become dry, and it became so.

2  Out of the waves I created rock hard and big, and from the

rock I piled up the dry, and the dry I called earth, and the midst of the earth I called abyss, that is to say the bottomless, I col­ lected the sea in one place and bound it together with a yoke.

3  And I said to the sea: 'Be­ hold I give thee thy eternal lim­

its,  and  thou  shalt  not  break loose from thy component parts.'

4  Thus I made fast the firma ment.   This day I called me th




Then it became evening, and then again morning, and it was the second day. [Monday is the first day.'] The fiery Essence.


AND for all the heavenly xV. troops I imaged the image and essence of fire, and my eye ooked at the very hard, firm rock, and from the gleam of my eye . the lightning received its wonderful nature, which is both fire in water and water in fire, and one does not put out the other, nor does the one dry up the other, therefore the lightning is brighter ffian the sun, softer than water and firmer than hard rock.

2 And from the rock I cut off a great fire, and from the fire

I created the orders of the in-Sorpoxeal ten troops of angels,

and their weapons are fiery and their raiment a burning flame, and I commanded that each one should stand in his order.


Here Satanail with his angels was thrown down from the height.


3 And one from out the order of angels, having turned away

with the order that was under him, conceived  an   impossible though  to   place   His   throne  higher "tEan  the  clouds  above the earth, that he might become equal in rank to my power.

4 And I threw him out from the height with his angels, and

he was flying in the air continu­ ously above the bottomless.



And then I created all the heavens, and the third day was, [Tuesday]


ON   the   third   day  I   com­manded the earth to make grow great and fruitful trees, and hills, and seed to sow, and I lanted Paradise, and enclosed it, and placed as armed guardians naming angels, and thus I created renewal.

2  Then   came   evening,   and came morning the fourth day

3  [Wednesday].  On the fourth day I commanded that there should be great lights on the heavenly circles.

4  On the first uppermost circL I placed the stars, Kruno, and on the second Aphrodit, on the third Aris, on the fifth Zeus, on the sixth Ermis, on the seventh lesser  the moon,  and  adorned it with the lesser stars.

5  And on the lower I placed the sun for the illumination of day, and the moon and stars for the illumination of night.

6  The sun that it should go according  to  each   animal   (sc signs of the zodiac), twelve, and I   appointed  the  succession  of the months and their names and lives, their   thunderings, and their hour-markings, how they should succeed.

7  Then   evening   came   and morning came the fifth day.

8  [Thursday].  On the fifth day I commanded the sea, that it should bring forth fishes, and feathered birds of many varie­ ties,  and  all  animals  creeping over the earth, going forth over the   earth   on   four  legs,   and soaring in the air, male sex and

female, and every soul breathing the spirit of life.

9  And   there   came   evening, and   there   came  morning   the sixth day.

10[Friday].  On  the  sixth day I commanded my wisdom to create man from seven con­ sistencies: one, his flesh from the earth;  two, his blood from the dew;  three, his eyes from the

sun; four, his bones from stone; five,   his   intelligence   from   the

swiftness of the angels and from cloud; six, his veins and his TSafr from the grass of the earth; seven, his soul from my breath and from the wind.

11And I gave him seven na­ tures: to the flesh hearing, the eyes for sight, to the soul smell, the veins for touch, the blood for taste, the bones for endurance, to the intelligence sweetness (sc. enjoyment).

12   I conceived a cunning say­ ing to say, I created man from invisible and from visible nature, of both are his death and life

and image, he knows speech like some   created   thing,   small   in, greatness   and   again   great   in smallness, and I placed him on earth,  a^jecond angel, honour­ able, great and glorious, and I appointed him as ruler to rule on earth and to have my wis­ dom, and there was none like him of earth of all my existing creatures.

13   And  I   appointed  him   a name, from the four component

parts,   from   east,   from   west from south, from north, and I

appointed for him four special stars,   and  I   called  his  name

Adam, and showed him the two ways, the light and the darkness, and I told him:

14   'This   is   good,   and   that bad,' that I should learn whether

he has love towards me, or ha tred, that it be clear which in

his race love me.

15    For I have seen his nature, but he has not seen his own

nature,   therefore   through   not seeing he will sin worse, and I

said 'After sin what is there but death?'

16 And I put sleep into him md he fell asleep.  And I took from him a rib, and created him a wife, that death should come

to him by his wife, and I took his last word and called her name

mother, that is to say, Eva.



God gives over paradise to Adam, and gives him a command

to see the heavens opened, and that he should see the angels singing

the song oj victory,


ADAM has life on earth, and I created a garden in Eden an the east, that he should ob­serve the testament and keep the command.

2  I made the heavens open to him,   that   he  should  see   the

angels singing the song of vic­ tory, and the gloomless light.

3  And he was continuously in paradise, and the devil under­

stood that I wanted to create an­ other world, because Adam was lord on earth, to rule and con­ trol it.

4  The devil is the evilg spirit, of the lower places, as a fugitive he made Sotona from the heavens as his name was Satanail, thus he bekam diferent from the angles, bat his nature did not change his inteligens as far as his understanding of rigteous and sinful things.

5  And he understud his condemnation and the sin wich he had sinned before, therefore he conceived thought against Adam, in such formhe inetered and seduced Eva, but did not tuch Adam.

6 But I cursed ignorance, but what I had blessed previously, those I did not curse, I cursed not man, nor the earth, nor other creatures, but man's evil fruit, and his works.




After Adam's sin God sends him away into the earth

'whence I took thee,' but does not wish to ruin him

 for all years to come.


 I SAID to him: 'Earth thou art,   and   into   the   earth hence I took thee thou shalt go, and I will not ruin thee, but send thee whence I took thee.

2  Then I can again take thee at My second coming.'

3  And I blessed all my crea­ tures visible and invisible.   And

Adam was five and half hours in paradise.

4  And I blessed the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, on

which he  rested  from  all  his works.



God shows Enoch the age of this world, its existence of

seven thousand years, and the eighth thousand is the end,

 neither years, nor months, nor weeks, nor days.


AND I appointed the eighth day also, that the eighth day should be the first-created 'after my work, and that the first seven revolve in the form, of the seventh thousand, and that at the beginning of the eighth thousand there should be a time of not-counting, endless, with neither years nor months nor weeks nor days nor hours.

2  And now, Enoch, all that I have told thee, all that thou hast understood, all that thou hast seen of heavenly things, all that thou hast seen on earth,  and all that I have written in books by my great wisdom, all these things I have devised and cre­ ated from the uppermost foun­ dation to the lower and to the end, and there is no counsellor nor inheritor to my creations.

3  I am  self-eternal, not made with hands, and without change.

4  My  thought  is  my   coun­ sellor, my wisdom and my word

are made, and my eyes observe all things how they stand here and tremble with terror.

5.If I turn away my face, then all things will be destroyed.

6 And apply thy mind, Enoch, and know him who is speaking to thee, and take thou the books which thou thyself hast written.

7  And I give thee Samuil anc Raguil, who led thee up, and the

books,  and go  down  to  earth, and tell thy sons all that I have

told thee, and all that thou hast seen, from the lower heaven up to my throne, and all the troops.

8  For I created all forces, and there is none that resisteth me

or that does not subject him self to me.   For all subject them­

selves   to   my   monarchy,   and labour for my sole rule.

9  Give them the books of the handwriting, and they will read

them and will know me for the creator of all  things,  and will

Understand how there is no other God but me.

10   And let them distribute the books of thy handwriting—children to children, generation to generation, nations to nations.

11And I will give thee, Enoch, my intercessor, the archistratege

Michael, for the handwritings of thy fathers Adam, Seth, Enos,

Cainan,  Mahaleleel,  and  Jared thy father.




God convicts the idolaters and sodomitic jornicators, and therefore brings down a deluge upon them.

THEY have rejected my com­mandments and my yoke, worthless seed has come up, not fearing God, and they would not bow down to me, but have begun to bow down to vain gods, and denied my unity, and have laden the whole earth with untruths, offences, abominable lecheries, namely one with another, and all manner of other unclean wick­ednesses, which, are disgusting to relate.

2 And therefore I will bring down a deluge upon the earth and will destroy all men, and the whole earth will crumble to­gether into great darkness.



God leaves one righteous man of Enoch's tribe with his whole house, who did God's pleasure according to his will.


BEHOLD   from   their   seed shall arise another genera­tion,  much  afterwards,  but  of them   many   will   be   very   insatiate.

2 He who raises that genera­tion, shall reveal to them the books of thy handwriting, of thy fathers, to them to whom he must point out the guardianship of the world, to the faithful men and workers of my pleasure, who do not acknowledge,my name in vain.

3 And they shall tell another generation, and those others hav­ing read shall be glorified there­after, more than the first.




God commanded Enoch to live on earth thirty days,

to give instruction to his sons and to his children's children.

After thirty days he was again taken on to heaven.


NOW, Enoch, I give thee the term of thirty days to spend in thy house, and tell thy sons and all thy household, that all may hear from my face what is told them by thee, that they may read and understand, how there is no other God but me.

2  And that they may always keep   my   commandments,   and

begin to read and take in the books of thy handwriting.

3  And   after   thirty   days   I shall send my angel for thee, and

fie will take thee from earth and from thy sons to me.




Here God summons an  angel.

AND the Lord called up one of the older angels, terrible and menacing, and placed him

by me, in appearance white as snow, and his hands like ice, having the appearance of great frost, and he froze my face, be­cause I could not endure the terror of the Lord, just as it is not possible to endure a stove's fire and the sun's heat, and the frost of the air.

2 And the Lord said to me: 'Enoch, if thy face be not frozen here, no man will be able to behold thy face.'





Mathusal continued to have hope and to await his father Enoch at his couch day and night.


AND the Lord said to those men who first led me up: Enoch go down on to earth with you, and await him till the determined day.'

2  And  they  placed   me  by night on my couch. And  Mathusal expecting my coming^ keeping watch by day and by night at my couch, was filled with awe when he heard

my coming, and I told him, 'Let all my household come together, that I tell, them everything.'




Enoch's pitiful admonition to his sons with weeping and great lamentation, as he spoke to them.


Oh my children, my beloved ones, hear the admonition oiyour father, as much as is ac­cording to the Lord's will.

2  I have been let come to you to-day,   and  announce  to  you,

not from my lips, but from the Lord's lips, all that is and was

and all that is now, and all that will be till judgement-day.

3  For the  Lord  has  let  me come to you, you hear therefore

the words of my lips, of a man made big for you, but I am one

who has seen the Lord's "face like iron made to glow from fire

it sends forth sparks and burns

4  You look now upon my eyes,  the eyes of a man big with mean-:ng for you, but I have seen the Lord's eyes," shining like the sun's rays and filling the eyes of man with awe.

5  You see now, my children, ihe right hand of a man that

lelps you, but I have seen the Lord's right hand filling heaven

as he helped me.

6  You see the compass of my work like your own, but I have

seen   the   Lord's   limitless   and perfect compass, which has no


7  You hear the words of my lips, as I heard the .words of the

Lord,   like   great;  "thunder   in­ cessantly with hurling of clouds.

8  And now, my children, hear the discourses of the father of

the earth, how fearful and awful it is to come before the face of

the ruler of the earth, how much  more terrible and awful it is to come before the face of the ruler of heaven, the controller of quick and dead, and of the heavenly troops. Who can endure that endless pain?






Enoch admonishes his children truly of

all things from the Lord's lips,

how he saw and heard and wrote down.


AND now, my children, Iknow all things, for this is from the Lord's lips, and this my eyes have seen, from begin­ning to end.

2  I know all things, and have written all things into books, the

heavens and their end, and their plenitude, and all the armies and their marchings.

3  I  have  measured  and  de­ scribed   the   stars,   the   great

countless multitude of them.

4  What man  has  seen  their revolutions, and their entrances?

For not even the angels see th eir number, while I have written all their names.

5  And I measured the aun's circle, and measured its rays, counted the hours, I wrote down too all things that go over the earth, I have written the things that are nourished, and all seed sown and unsown, which the earth produces and all plants, and every grass and every flower, and their sweet smells, and their names, and the dwelling-places of the clouds, and their composition, and their wings, and how they bear rain and rain­drops.

6  And I investigated all things, and" wrote the road of the thun­

der and of the lightning, and they showed me the keys and

their guardians, their rise, the way they go;   it is let out in

measure (sc. gently) by a chain, lest by a heavy chain and vio­

lence it hurl  down the  angry clouds and destroy all things on earth.

7  I wrote the treasure-houses of the snow, and the store-houses of the cold and the frosty airs, and  I  observed  their  season's key-holder,  he  fills  the  clouds with them, and does not exhaust the treasure-houses.

8  And I  wrote the  restingplaces of the winds and observed

arid saw how their key-holders bear weighing-scales and meas­

ures; first, they put them in one weighing-scale, then in the other the weights and let them out ac­ cording   to" "measure   cunningly over the whole earth,  lest  by heavy breathing they make the earth to rock.

9  And  I   measured  out  the whole earth, its mountains, and

all. hills,   fields,   trees,   stones, rivers, all existing things I wrote

down, the height from earth to the seventh heaven, and down­

wards to the very lowest hell, and  the   judgement-place,   and the very great, open and weep­ ing hell.

10And I saw how the pris­ oners are in pain, expecting the

limitless judgement.

11 And I wrote down all those being judged by the judge, and all their judgements (sc. sen­tences) and all their works.




0f how Enoch lamented Adam's sin.

AND I saw  all  forefathers from all time with Adam and   Eva,   and   I   sighed   and broke into tears and said of the ruin of their dishonour:

2 Woe is me for my infirmjty and for That of my forefathers’ and thought in my heart ana said:

3 'Blessed is the  man, who has not been born or who has been born and shall not sin before the Lord's face, that he come not into this place, nor bring the yoke of this place.'





Of how Enoch saw the key-hold­ers and guards of

the gates of hell standing.


I  SAW the key-holders and guards of the gates of hell standing, like great serpents, and their faces like extinguished lamps, and their eyes of fire, their sharp teeth, and I saw all the Lord's works, how they are right, while the works of man are some good, and others bad, and in their works are known those who lie evilly.




Enoch shows his children how he measured and wrote out God's judgements.


I, my children, measured and wrote out every work and every measure and every right­eous judgement.

2 As. one year is more honour­able than another, so is one man more honourable than another, some for great possessions, some for wisdom of heart, some for particular intellect, some for cunning, one for silence of lip, another for cleanliness, one for strength, another for comeliness, one for youth, another for sharp wit, one for shape of body, an­other for sensibility, let it be heard everywhere, but there is none better than he who fears God, he shall be more glorious in time to come.




Enoch instructs his sons, that they revile not the face

of man, small or great.


THE  Lord with  his  hands  having created man, in the likeness  of  his  own   face,  the Lord made him small and great.

2  Whoever reviles the ruler's face, and abhors the Lord's face, has despised the Lord's face, and he who vents anger on any man without injury, the Lord's great anger will cut him down, he who spits on the face of man re­ proachfully, will be cut down at the Lord's great judgement.

3  Blessed   is   the   man   who does not direct his heart with

malice  against   any   man,   and helps the injured and condemned, and raises the broken down, and shall do  charity to the needy, because on. the day of the great judgement every weight, every measure and every makeweight

will be as in the market, that is to say they are hung on scales

and stand in the market, and every one shall learn his own

measure, 'and according to his measure shall take his reward.



God shows how he does not want from men sacrifices, nor burnt-offerings, but pure and con­trite hearts.


WHOEVER hastens to make offering before the Lord's face, the Lord for his part will hasten that offering by granting of his work.

2  But  whoever  increases  his lamp before the Lord's face and

make not  true judgement,  the Lord will not increase his treas­

ure in the realm of the highest.

3  When   the   Lord   demands bread, or candles, or flesh {sc.

cattle),  or any  other sacrifice, then that is nothing;  but God

demands pure hearts, and withall that only tests the heart of





Of how an earthly ruler does not accept from man abominable and unclean gifts, then how much more does God abomi­nate unclean gifts, but sends them away with wrath and does not accept his gifts.


HEAR, my people, and take in the words of my lips.

2  If any one bring any gifts to  an  earthly ruler,  and have

disloyal thoughts in his heart, and the ruler know this, will he not be angry with him, and not refuse his gifts, and not give him over to judgement?

3  Or if one man make himself appear good to another by de­

ceit of tongue, but have evil in his heart, then will not the other

understand the treachery of his heart, and himself be condemned, since his untruth was plain to all?

4  And  when  the  Lord  shall sencT "a great light, then there

will be judgement for the just and the unjust, and there no one shall escape notice.





Enoch instructs his sons from God's lips,

and hands them the handwriting of this book.


AND now, my children, lay thought   on   your   hearts, mark welt the words of your father, which are all come to you from the Lord's lips.

2 Take these books of you: father's handwriting and read them.

3  For the books  are many and in them you will learn all the Lord's works, all that has been from the beginning of creation,

and will be till the end of time

4  And if you will observe my handwriting,   you   will   not   sin

against the Lord; because then is  no   other   except  the  Lord,

neither in heaven, nor in earth nor_Jn the very lowest places.

nor In the one foundation.

5  The  Lord  has  placed   the foundations in the unknown, and

has spread forth heavens visible and invisible; he fixed the earth Off   the   waters,    and   created countless creatures, and who has counted the water and the foun­ dation of the unfixed, or the dust of the earth, or the sand of the sea, or the drops of the rain, or the morning dew, or the wind': breathings?   Who    has  filled earth and sea, and the indis­ soluble winter?

6  I cut the stars out of fire, and decorated heaven, and put

it in their midst.



Of the sun's passage along the seven circles.

THAT the sun go along the seven heavenly circles, which are the appointment of one hundred and eighty-two thrones, that it go down on a short day, and again one hundred and eighty-two, that it go down on a big day, and he has two thrones on which he rests, re­volving hither and thither above the thrones of the months, from the seventeenth day of the month Tsivan it goes down to the month Thevan, from the seven­teenth of Thevan it goes up.

3 And thus it goes close to the earth, then the earth is glad and makes grow its fruit, and when it goes away, then the earth is sad, and trees and all fruits have no florescence.

4  All this he measured, with good measurement of hours, and

fixed a measure by his wisdom, of the visible and. the invisible.

5  From the invisible he made all things visible, himself being


6  Thus I make known to you, my children, and distribute the

books to youf"children, into all your generations,  and amongst

the nations who shall have the sense to fear God, let them re­

ceive them, and may they come to love them more than any food or earthly sweets, and read them and apply themselves to them.

7  And those who understand not the Lord, who fear not God, who accept not, bat reject, who do not receive them (sc. The books), a terrible judgement awaits these.

8  Blessed is the man who shall bear their yoke and shall drag them along, for he shall be re­leased on the day of the great judgement.



Enoch instructs his sons not to swear either by heaven or earth, and shows God's prom­ise, even in the mother's womb.

I  SWEAR to  you,  my  chil­dren, but I swear not by any oath, neither by heaven nor by earth, nor by any other creature which God created.

2  The Lord  said: 'There is no oath in me, nor injustice, but


3  If there is no truth in men, let  them swear by  the  words

'yea, yea,' or else, 'nay, nay.'

4  And I swear to you, yea,yea, that there has been no man

in his motEer's womb, but that already before, even to each one

there is a place prepared for the repose of that soul, and a measure fixed how much it is intended that a man be tried in this world.

5  Yea, children, deceive not yourselves, for there has been previously prepared a place for every soul of man.




Of how none born on earth can remain hidden nor his work remain concealed, but he (sc. God) bids us be meek, to en­dure attack and insult, and not to offend widows and orphans.


I  HAVE put every man's work in writing and none born on earth* can remain hidden nor his works remain concealed.

2  I see all things.

3  Now therefore, my children, in patience and meekness spend

the number of your days, that you inherit endless life.

4  Endure for the sake of the Lord every wound, every injury,

every evil word and attack.

5  If  ill-requitals  ,befall  you, return TKerh not either to neigh­

bour or enemy, because the Lord will returnjAem for you and be your avenger on the day of great judgement,   that   there   be   no avenging here" among men.

6  Whoever of you spends gold or silver for his brother's sake,

he will receive ample treasure in the world to come.

7  Injure not widows nor or­ phans nor strangers, lest God's

wrath come upon you.




Enoch instructs his sons, that they hide not treasures in the earth, but bids them give alms to the poor.

STRETCH mtyour hands to the jlqoj; according to your strength.

2 Hide not your silver in the earth.

3 Help  the faithful man  in affliction, and affliction will not

find you in the time of your trouble.

4 And   every   grievous   and rue! yoke that come upon you bear all for the sake of the Lord, and thus you will find your re­ward in the day of judgement.

5  It Js good to go morning, midday,   and  evening into   the

Lord's dwelling, for the glory of your creator.

6  Because    every    breathing thing  glorifies  him,  and  every

creature visible and invisible re­ turns him praise.




God instructs his faithful, how they are to praise his name.

BLESSED is the man who opens Tiis lips in praise of God of Sabaoth and praises the Lord with his heart.

2 Cursed every man who opens his lips for the bringing into contempt and calumny of his neighbour, because he brings God into contempt.

3 Blessed is he who opens his lips blessing and praising God.

4 Cursed is he before the Lord all the days of his life, who opens

his lips to curse and abuse:

5 Blessed is he who blesses all the Lord's works.

6  Cursed is he who brings the Lord's  creation into  contempt.

7  Blessed   is   he   who   looks down and raises the fallen.

8  Cursed is he who looks to and is eager for the destruction

of what is not his.

9  Blessed is he who keeps the foundations of his fathers made

firm from the beginning.

10   Cursed is he who perverts the decrees of his forefathers.

11Blessed is he who implants peace and love

12   Cursed is he who disturb those that love their neighbours

13   Blessed is he who speak, with humble tongue and heart

to all.

14    Cursed is he who speaks peace with his tongue, while in

his heart there is no peace bu a sword.

15    For all these things will be laid bare in the weighing-scales

and in the books, on the day of the great judgement.



[Let us not say: 'Our father is before God, he will stand for­ward for us on the day of judgement,' for there father cannot help son, nor yet son father.}

AND now, my children, do. not say: 'Our father is standing before God, and is praying for our sins,' for there is there no helper of any man who has sinned.

2  You see how I  wrote all works of every man, before his

creation, all that is done amongst all men for all time, and none

can tell or relate my handwrit­ ing, because the Lord sees all the

imaginings   of  man,   how   they are vain, where they lie in the treasure-houses of the heart.

3  And now, my children, markwell all the words of your father,

that I tell you, lest you regret, saying: 'Why did our father not

tell us?'



Enoch instructs his sons, that they should hand the books to others also.


AT   that   time,   not  understanding  this let  these books which I have given you be for an inheritance of your peace.

2 Hand them to all who want them, and instruct them, that "they 'may see the Lord's very great and marvellous works.




Here Enoch shows his sons, tell­ing them with tears: 'My chil­dren, the hour has approached for me to go up on to heaven; behold, the angels are stand­ing before me.'


MY children, behold, the day of my term and the time approached.

2  For the angels who shall go with me are standing before me

and urge me to my departure from you; they are standing here on earth, awaiting what has been told them.

3  For to-morrow I shall go up on to heaven, to the uppermost

Jerusalem   to   my   eternal   in­ heritance.

4  Therefore I bid you do be­ fore the Lord's face all his good




Methosalam asks of his father blessing, that he (sc. Metho­salam) may make him (sc. Enoch) food to eat.

METHOSALAM having an­swered his father Enoch, said: 'What is agreeable to thy ?yes, father, that I may make before thy face, that thou mayst ) less our dwellings, and thy sons, ind that thy people may be nade glorious through thee, and ihen that thou mayst depart ihus, as the Lord said?'

2 Enoch answered to his son Methosalam and said: 'Hear, jhild, from the time when the Lord anointed me with the oint­ment of his glory, there has been no food in me, and my soul re­members not earthly enjoyment, neither do I want anything earthly.'




Enoch bade his son Methosalam to summon all hk brethren.

MY child Methosalam, sum­mon all thy brethren and all   your   household   and   the elders of the people, that I may talk to them and depart, as is planned for me.'

2 And Methosalam made haste, and summoned his brethren, Regim, Riman, Uchan, Chermion, Gaidad, and all the elders of the people before the face of his father Enoch; and he blessed them, and said to them:



                             Enoch's instruction to his sons.


LISTEN to me, my children, to-day.

2  In those days when the Lord came   down   on   to   earth   for

Adam's sake, and visited all his creatures, which he created him­ self, after all these he created Adam, and the Lord called all the beasts of the earth, all the reptiles, and all the birds that soar in the air, and brought them all before the face of our father Adam.

3  And Adam gave the names to all things living on earth.

4  And the Lord appointed him ruler over all, and subjected to him all things under his hands, and made them dumb and made them dull that they be  com­ manded of man, and be in sub­ jection and obedience to him.

5  Thus also the Lord created every   man  lord  over   all  his


6  The Lord will not judge a single soul of beast for man's

sake, but adjudges the souls of men to their beasts in this world; for men have a special place.

7  And as every soul of man is according  to  number,  similarly beasts will not perish, nor all souls of beasts which the Lord created, till the great judge­ment, and they will accuse man, if he feed them ill.



Enoch instructs his sons where­fore they may not touch beef because of what comes from it.


WHOEVER defiles the soul of beasts, defiles Ms own soul.

2  For man brings clean ani­ mals to make sacrifice for sin,

that he may have cure of his soul.

3  And if they bring for sacri­ fice   clean   animals,   and  birds,

man has cure, he cures his soul.

4  AH is given you for food, bind it by the four feet, that is

to make good the cure, he cures his soul.

5  But   whoever   kills   beast without wounds, kills his own

soul and defiles his own flesh.

6  And he who does any beast any injury whatsoever, in secret, it is evil practice, and he defiles his own soul.



He who does injury to soul of man, does injury to his own soul, and there is no cure for his flesh, nor pardon for all time. How it is not fitting to kill man neither1 by weapon nor by tongue.

HE who works the killing of a man's soul, kills his own soul, and kills his own body, and there is no cure for him for all time.

2  He who puts a man in any snare, shall stick in it himself,

and there is no cure for him for alT time.

3  He who puts a man in any vessel, his retribution will not be

wanting at the great judgement for all time.

He who works crookedly o speaks evil against any soul, wil not make justice for himself fo: all time.



Enoch instructs his sons to keep themselves from injustice and often to stretch forth handi to the poor, to give a share o} their labours.


AND now, my children, keep your hearts from every in­justice, which the Lord hates. Just as a man asks (sc. some­thing) for his own soul from God, so let him do to every liv­ing soul, because I know all things, how in the great time (sc. to come) are many man­sions prepared for men, good for the good, and bad for the bad, without number many.

2  Blessed are those who enter the good houses, for in the bad

(sc. houses)  there is no peace nor return (sc. from them).

3  Hear,   my   children,   small and great!    When man puts a

good thought in his heart, brings gifts from his labours before the Lord's face and his hands made them not,  then the Lord will turn  away  his  face from the labour of his hand, and he (sc. man) cannot find the labour of his hands.

4  And if his hands made it, but his heart murmur, and his

heart cease not making murmur incessantly,   he   has   not   any advantage.



Of how it is fitting to bring one's gift with faith, because there is no repentance after death.


BLESSED is the man who in his patience brings his gifts with faith before the Lord's face, because he will find forgiveness of sins.

2  But   if  he   take  back   his words before the time, there is

no repentance for him;  and If the time pass and he do not of his own will what is promised, there   is   no   repentance   after death.

3  Because every work which man does before the time, is all

deceit before men, and sin before God.



Of how not to despise the poor, but to share with them equally, lest thou be murmured against before God.

WHEN man clothes the naked and fills the hungry, he will find reward from God.

2 But, if his heart murmur, he commits a double evil: ruin of himself and of that which he gives; and for him there will be no finding of reward on account of that.

3  And if his own heart is filled with his food and his own flesh

(sc. clothed)  with his clothing, he commits contempt, and will

forfeit all his endurance of pov­ erty, and will not find reward

of his good deeds.

4  Every proud and magnilo­ quent man is hateful to the Lord,

and every false speech, clothed in untruth; it will be cut with

the blade of the sword of death, and thrown into  the fire,  and shall bum for all time.'




Of how the Lord calls up Enoch, and people took counsel to go and kiss him at the place called Achuzan.

WHEN Enoch had spoken these words to his sons, all people far and near heard how the Lord was calling Enoch. They took counsel together:

2 'Let us go and kiss Enoch,'and two thousand men came together and came to the place Achuzan where Enoch was, and his sons.

3  And the elders of the people, the whole assembly, came and

bowed down and began to kiss Enoch and said to him:

4  'Our father Enoch, be thou blessed of the Lord, the eternal

ruler, and now bless thy sons and all the people, that we may

be glorified to-day before thy face.

5  For thou shalt be glorified before the Lord's face for all

time, since the Lord chose thee, rather than all men on earth,

and designated thee writer of all his creation, visible and invisible, and redeemer of the sins of man, and helper of thy household.'



Of  Enoch's  instruction  of  his sons.


AND Enoch answered all his  people saying: 'Hear, my children, before that all crea­tures were created, the Lord created the visible and invisible things.

2  And as much time as there was and went past, nderstand

that after all that he created man in the likeness of his own

form, and put into him eyes to see, and ears to hear, and heart to reflect, and intellect where­ with to deliberate.

3  And the Lord saw all man's works, and created all his crea­

tures,  and divided  time,  from time  he fixed the  years,   and

from the years he appointed the months, and from the months he appointed the days, and of days he appointed seven.

4  And in those he appointed the hours, measured them out

exactly, that man might reflect on time and count years, months, and hours, their alternation, be­ ginning, and end, and that he might count his own life, from the beginning until death, and reflect on his sin and write his work bad and good; because no work is hidden before the Lord, that every man might know his works and never transgress all his commandments, and keep my handwriting from generation to generation.

5  When   all   creation   visible and invisible, as the Lord created

it,  shall  end,  then  every man goes to the great judgement, and then all time shall perish, and the years, and    thenceforward there will be neither months nor days nor  hours,  they  will  be stuck together and will not be counted.

6  There will be one aeon, and all the righteous who shall escape

the Lord's great judgement, shall be collected in the great aeon,

for the righteous the great aeon will  begin,  and  they  will  live

eternally, and then too there will be amongst them neither labour, nor sickness, nor humiliation, nor anxiety, nor need, nor violence, nor   night,  nor  darkness,  but great light.

7  And they shall have a great indestructible wall, and a paradise bright and incorruptible, for all corruptible   things   shall   pass away, and there will be eternal life.



Enoch instructs his sons and all the elders of the people, how they are to walk with terror and trembling before the Lord, and serve him alone and not bow down to idols, but to God, who created heaven and earth and every creature, and to his image.

AND now, my children, keep your   souls   from   all   in­justice, such as the Lord hates.

2 Walk before his face with terror and trembling and serve ban alone.

Bow down to the true God not   to   dumb   idols,   but   bov

down to his picture, and brm all   just   offerings   before   th.

Lord's  face.    The  Lord  hates what is unjust.

4  For the Lord sees all things, when man takes thought in his

heart, then he counsels the in­ tellects, and every thought is al­

ways before "the Lord, who made firm the earth and put all crea­ tures on it.

5  If you look to heaven, the Lord   is   there;    if   you   take

thought of the sea's deep  and all the  under-earth,  the  ord

is there.

6  For   the  Lord   created   all things.   Bow not down to things

made by man, leaving the Lord of all creation, because no work

can remain hidden before the Lord's face.

7  Walk, my children, in longsuffering, in meekness, honesty,

in provocation, in grief, in faith and   in   truth,   in   reliance   on

promises, in illness, in abuse, in wounds, in temptation, in naked­ ness, In privation, loving one an­ other, till you go out from this age of ills, that you become in­ heritors of endless time.

8  Blessed   are  the  just  who shall escape the great judgement, I for they shall shine forth more than the sun sevenfold, for in this world the seventh part istaken off from all, light, dark­ ness,food,   enjoyment,   sorrow, paradise, torture, fire, frost, and other things; he put all down in writing, that you might read and understand.'



The Lord let out darkness on to earth and covered the people and Enoch, and he was taken up on high, and light came again in the heaven.

WHEN Enoch had talked to the people, the Lord sent out darkness on to the earth, and

there was darkness, and it cov­ered those men standing with Enoch, and they took Enoch up on to the highest'"Heaven, where the Lord is; and he received him and placed him before his face, and the darkness went off from the earth, and light came again.

2 And the people saw and understood not how Enoch had been taken, and glorified God, and found a. roll in which was traced 'the invisible God'; and all went to their homes.



ENOCH  was  born  on  the sixth   day  of  the  month Tsivan,and lived three hundred and sixty-five years.

2  He was taken up to heaven on the first day of the month

Tsivan and remained in heaven sixty days.

3  He wrote all these signs of all   creation,   which   the   Lord

created, and wrote three hun­ dred  and sixty-six books,  and

handed them over to his sons and  remained  on earth thirty

days, and was again taken up to heaven on the sixth day of the month Tsivan, on the very day and hour when he was born.

4 As every man's nature in this life is dark, so are also his conception, birth, and depar­ture from this life.

5  At what hour he was con­ ceived, at that hour he was born,

and at that hour too he died.

6  Methosalam and his breth­ ren, all the sons of Enoch, made

haste, and erected an altar at the place called Achuzan, whence and where Enoch had been taken up to heaven.

7  And   they   took   sacrificial oxen and summoned all people

and sacrificed the sacrifice before '.he Lord's face.

8  All people, the elders of the people and the whole assembly

came to the feast and brought gifts to the sons of Enoch.

9 And they made a great feast, rejoicing and making merry three days, praising God, who had  given   them  such   a  sign

through Enoch, who had found favour with him, and that they should hand it on to their sons from generation to generation, from age to age.

10 Amen.



(THE FOGOTTEN BOOKS OF EDEN – edited by RUTHERFORD H. PLATT, Jr – Published by Word Bible Publishers, Inc - 1926)






THIS book is like a fearful peal of thunder echoing out of the dim horrors of ancient tyranny. It is a chapter based on persecution by Antiochus, the tyrant of Syria, whom some called Epiphanes, The Madman. Roman history of the first cen­turies records two such tyrants the other, Caligula, the Second Brilliant Madman.

The form of this writing is that of an oration. So carefully timed are the risings and fallings of the speech; so devastating are its arguments; so unfaltering is its logic; so deep its thrusts; so cool its reasoningthat it takes its place as a sample of the sheerest eloquence.

The keynote is Courage. The writer begins with an impassioned statement of the Philosophy of Inspired Reason. We like to think of this twentieth Century as the Age of Reason and contrast it with the Age of Myths yet a writing such as this is a challenge to such an assumption. We find a writer who probably belonged to the first century before the Christian Era stating a clear-cut philosophy of Reason that is just as potent today as it was two thousand years ago.

The setting of the observations in the torture chambers is unre­lenting. On our modem ears attuned to gentler things it strikes appallingly. The details of the successive tortures (suggesting the instruments of the Spanish Inquisition centuries later) are elaborated in a way shocking to our taste. Even the emergence of the stoical characters of the Old man, the Seven Brothers, and the Mother, does nothing to soften the ferocity with which this orator conjures Courage.

The ancient Fathers of the Christian Church carefully preserved this book (we have it from a Syrian translation) as a work of high moral value and teaching, and it was undoubtedly familiar to many of the early Christian martyrs, who were aroused to the pitch of martyrdom by reading it.




An outline of philosophy from ancient times concerning In­spired Reason. Civilization has never achieved higher thought. A discussion of "Repressions." Verse 48 sums up the whole Philosophy of mankind.

PHILOSOPHICAL in the highest degree is the ques­tion I propose to discuss, namely whether the Inspired Reason is supreme ruler over the passions; and to the philosophy of it I would seriously entreat your earnest attention.

2   For not only is the subject generally necessary as a branch of knowledge, but it includes the praise of the greatest of virtues, whereby I mean self-control.

3   That is to say, if Reason  is proved to control the passions adverse to temperance, gluttony and lust, it is also clearly shown to be lord over the passions, like malevolence, opposed to justice, and over those opposed to man­liness, namely rage and pain and fear.

4   But, some may ask, if the Reason is master of the passions, why does it not control forget-fulness and ignorance? their ob­ ject being to cast ridicule.

5   The answer is that Reason is not master over defects in­ hering in the mind itself, but over the passions or moral de­ fects that are adverse to justice and manliness and  temperance and judgement; and its action in their case is not to extirpate the passions,  but  to  enable  us to resist them successfully.

6   I could bring before you many examples, drawn from various sources, where Reason has proved itself master over the passions, but the best instance by far that I can give is the noble conduct of those who died for the sake of virtue, Eleazar, and the Seven Brethren and themMother.

7   For these all by their con­ tempt of pains, yea, even unto death, proved that Reason rises superior to the passions.

8   I might enlarge here in praise of their virtues, they, the men with the Mother, dying on this day we celebrate for the love of moral beauty and good­ness, but rather would I felici­ tate them on the honours they have attained.

9   For the admiration felt for  their courage and endurance, not only by the world at large but by their very executioners, made them the authors of the down­ fall of the tyranny under which our nation lay,  they defeating the tyrant by their endurance,

so that through them was their country purified.

10But I shall presently take opportunity to discuss this, after we have begun with the general theory, as I am in the habit of doing, and I will then proceed to their story, giving glory to the all-wise God.

11     Our enquiry, then, is whether the Reason is supreme master over the passions.

12     But we must  define  just what the Reason is and what passion is, and how many forms of passion there are, and whether the Reason is supreme over all of them.

13  Reason I take to be the mind preferring with clear de­ liberation the life of wisdom.

14  Wisdom I take to be the knowledge of things, divine and human, and of their causes.

15      This I take to be the cul­ ture  acquired  under the  Law, through which we learn with due reverence the things of God and for our worldly profit the things of man.

16     Now wisdom is manifested under the forms  of judgement and justice,  and courage,  and temperance.

17 But judgement or self-control is the one that domi­ nates them all, for through it, in truth,   Reason   asserts   its   au­ thority over the passions.

18 But of the passions there are two comprehensive ources, namely, pleasure and pain, and either belongs  essentially also to the soul as well as to the body.

19 And with respect both to pleasure and pain there are many cases where the passions have certain sequences.

20 Thus while desire goes be­ fore pleasure, satisfaction follows after, and while fear goes before pain, after pain comes sorrow.

21Anger, again, if a man will retrace the course of his feelings, is a passion in which are blended both pleasure and pain.

22 Under pleasure, also, cornea that  moral debasement   which exhibits the widest variety of the passions.

23 It manifests itself in thesoul as ostentation, and covet-ousness, and vain-glory, and con­ tentiousness, and backbiting, and in the body as eating of strange meat,  and   gluttony,   and  gor­mandizing in secret.

24  Now pleasure and pain being as it were two trees, grow­ ing from body and soul, many offshoots of these passions sprout up; and each man's R-eason as master-gardener,   weeding and pruning and binding up, and turning on the water and direct­ ing it hither and thither, brings the thicket of dispositions and passions under domestication.

25      For  while  Reason is  the guide of the virtues it is master of the passions.

26      Observe, now, in the first place, that Reason becomes su­ preme over the passions in vir­ tue of the inhibitory action of temperance.

27      Temperance, I take it, is the repression of the desires; but of the desires some are mental and some physical, and both kinds are clearly controlled by Reason; when we are tempted towards forbidden meats, how do we come to relinquish the pleas­

ures to be derived from them?

28       Is it not that Reason has power to repress the appetites? In my opinion it is so.

29 Accordingly when we feel a desire to eat water-animals and birds and beasts and meats of every  description  forbidden  to us under the Law,  we abstain through   the   predominance   o' Reason.

30 For the propensions of out appetites  are  checked  and  in­ hibited by the temperate mind and all the movements of the body obey the bridle of Reason.

31   And what is there to be surprised at if the natural desir if the soul to enjoy the fruition, if beauty is quenched?

32       This, certainly, is why we praise the virtuous Joseph, because   by   his   Reason,   with   a mental  effort,  he  checked the carnal impulse.* For he, a young man at the age when physical desire is strong, by his Reason quenched   the   impulse   of   his passions.

33       And Reason is proved to subdue the impulse not only of sexual desire,  but  of all  sorts of covetings.

34       For the Law says, 'Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor anything that is thy neighbour's.'

35       Verily, when the Law orders us not to covet, it should, I think, confirm strongly the argument that the Reason is capable of controlling covetous desires, even as it does the pas­ sions that militate against justiee.

36 How else can a man, natu­rally gormandizing and greedy and drunken, be taught to change his nature, if the Reason be not manifestly the master of the passions?

37  Certainly, as soon as a man orders his life according to the Law,  if  he  is miserly he acts contrary to his nature, and lends money to the needy without in­ terest, and at the seventh-year periods cancels the debt.

38  And if he is parsimonious,  he   is   overruled   by   the Law through  the  action of Reason, and refrains  from gleaning his stubbles   or   picking   the   last grapes from his vineyards.

39     And with regard to all the rest we can recognize that Reason is in the position of master over the passions or affections.

40  For the Law ranks above affection for parents, so that a man may not for their sakes sur­ render his virtue, and it over­ rides love for a wife, so that if she transgress a man should re buke her, and it governs love for children, so that if they are naughty a man should punish them, and it controls the claims of friendship, so that a man should reprove his friends if they do evil.

41      And do not  think it a paradoxical thing when Reason through the Law is able to overcome even hatred, so that a man refrains from cutting down the enemy's orchards, and pro­ tects the property of the enemy from the spoilers, and gathers up

their   goods   that   have   been scattered.

42      And the rule of Reason is likewise proved to extend through the more aggressive pas­sions or vices, ambition, vanity, ostentation, pride, and backbit­ ing.

43      For the temperate mind repels all these debased passions, even as it does anger, for it conquers even this.

44      Yea, Moses when he was angered   against   Dathan   and Abiram did not give free course to his wrath, but governed his anger by his Reason.

45 For the temperate mind is able, as I said, to win the victory over the passions, modifying some, while crushing others ab­solutely.

46        Why else did our wise father Jacob blame the houses of Simeon and Levi for their un­ reasoning slaughter of the tribe of the Shechemites, saying, 'Ac­ cursed be their anger!'

47        For had not Reason pos­ sessed the power to restrain their anger he would not have spoken thus.

48   For in the day when God created man, he implanted in him his passions and inclinations, and also, at the very same time, set the mind on a throne amidst the

senses to be his sacred guide in all things;  and to the mind he gave the Law, by the which if a man order himself, he shall reign over a kingdom that is temperate, and just, and virtu­ous, and brave.




The ruling of Desire and Anger. The story of David's thirst. Stirring chapters of ancient his­tory. Savage attempts to make the Jews eat swine. Interesting references to an ancient bank (Verse 21.)


WELL then, someone may ask, if Reason is master of the passions why is it not master of forgetfulness and igno­rance?

2   But the argument is su­premely ridiculous. For Reason is not shown to be master over passions or defects in itself, but over those of the body.

3   For example, none of you is able to extirpate our natural de­ sire, but the Reason can enable him  to  escape  being made  a slave by desire.

4   None of you is able to extir­ pate anger from the soul, but X is possible for the Reason to come to his aid against anger.

5 None of you can extirpate malevolent   disposition,   but Reason can be his powerful ally against being swayed by malev­olence.

6   Reason is not the extirpate of the passions, but their an­ tagonist.

7   The case of the thirst of Sing David may serve at least to make this clearer.

8For when David had fought :he   live-long   day   against   the 3hilistines, and by the help of our country's warriors had slain many of them, lie came at even-ide, all fordone with sweat and oil, to the royal tent, around vhich was encamped the whole army of our ancestors.

9So all the host fell to their evening   meal;   but   the   king, being consumed with an intense thirst, though he had abundance of water, was unable to slake it.

10     Instead, an irrational desire for the water that was in the possession  of  the  enemy _ with growing intensity burned him up and  unmanned  and  consumed him.

11     Then when his body-guard murmured against the craving of the  king,   two  youths,   mighty warriors, ashamed that their king should lack his desire, put on

all their armour,  and took  a water-vessel,    and   scaled   the enemy's ramparts; and stealing undetected past the guards at the gate, they searched through

all the enemy's camp.

12     And  they  bravely  found the spring, and drew from it a draught for the king.

13     But David, though still burning with the thirst, con­ sidered that such a draught, reckoned as equivalent to blood, was a grievous danger to his soul.

14  Therefore, opposing hi Reason to his desire, he poured out the water as an offering to God.

15 For the temperate mind is able to conquer the dictates of the passions, and to quench the fires  of  desire,  and to  wrestle victoriously with the pangs oi our bodies though they be ex­ ceeding strong, and by the mora! beauty and goodness of Reason

to defy with scorn all the domi­ nation of the passions.

16And now the occasion calls us to set forth the story of the self-controlled Reason.

17At a time when our fathers enjoyed great peace through the due observance of the Law, anc were in happy case, so that Se-leucus Nicanor, the king of Asia sanctioned the tax for the tern pie-service, and recognized our polity, precisely then, certaii

men, acting factiously against the general concord, involved us n many and various calamities.

17   Onias, a man of the highest character, being then high priest and having the office for his life, certain Simon raised a faction against him,  but since despite every kind of slander he failed o injure him on account of the Deople, he fled abroad with inent to betray his country.

19So he came to Apollonius, the   governor   of   Syria   and Phoenicia and Cilicia, and said, Being loyal to the king, I am lere to inform you that in the ;reasuries of Jerusalem are stored many thousands of private de­ posits, not belonging to the tem­ ple account, and rightfully the property of King Seleucus.'

20       Apollonius   having   made inquiry into the details of the matter, praised Simon for his loyal service to the king, and hastening to the court of Se­ leucus, disclosed to him the valu­ able treasure; then, after receiv­ ing authority to deal with the matter,   he  promptly  marched into our country, accompanied by the accursed Simon and a

very powerful  army,  and an­ nounced that he was there by the king's command to take pos­session of the private deposits in the treasury.

21       Our   people   were   deeply angered by this announcement, and protested strongly, consider­ing it an outrageous thing for those who had entrusted their deposits to the temple treasury to be robbed of them, and they threw all possible obstacles in his way.

22       Apollonius, however, with threats, made his way into the temple.

23   Then   the   priests   in   the temple and the women and chil­ dren besought God to come to the rescue of his Holy Place that was being violated;  and when Apollonius with his armed host marched in to seize the moneys, there   appeared   from   heaven angels, riding upon horses, with lightning flashing from their arms, and cast great fear and trembling upon them.

24        And Apollonius fell down half-dead in the Court of the Gentiles, and stretched out his hands to heaven, and with tears he entreated the Hebrews that they   would   make   intercession for him and stay the wrath of the heavenly host.

25        For he said that he had sinned and was worthy even of death, and that if he were given his life he would laud to all men the blessedness of the Holy Place.

26        Moved   by   these   words, Onias, the high-priest, although most scrupulous in other cases, made intercession for him lest king   Seleucus   should   possibly think that  Apollonius had been overthrown by a human device and not by divine justice.

27        Apollonius,   accordingly, after his astonishing deliverance departed to report to the king the things that had befallen him.

28        But Seleucus dying, his suc­cessor on the throne was his son Antiochus Epiphanes, an  over­ weening terrible man; who dis­ missed   Onias  from  his   sacred office, and made his brother Jason high-priest instead, the condition being that in return for the ap­ pointment Jason should pay him three thousand six hundred and sixty talents yearly.

29        So   he   appointed   Jason high-priest and made him chief ruler over the people.

30        And he (Jason) introduced to our people a new way of life and a new constitution in utter defiance of the Law; so that not only  did  he  lay out  a gym­ nasium on the Mount of our fathers, but he actually abolished the service of the temple.

31    Wherefore the divine jus­tice was kindled to anger and brought Antiochus himself as an enemy against us. For when he was carrying on war with Ptolemy in Egypt and heard that the people of Jerusalem had rejoiced exceed­ingly over a report of his death, he immediately marched back against them.

33 And when he had plun­dered the city he made a decree denouncing the penalty of death upon any who should be seen to live after the Law of our fathers.

34     But he found all his decrees of no avail to break down the constancy of our people to the Law, and he beheld all his threats and penalties utterly despised, so that even women for circumcis­ ing their sons, though they knew beforehand what would be their fate, were flung, together with their   offspring,   headlong   from the rocks.

35     When therefore his decrees continued to be contemned by the mass of the people, he per­ sonally tried to force by tortures each man separately to eat un­ clean meats and thus abjure the Jewish religion.

36     Accordingly, the tyrant Antiochus, accompanied by his councillors, sat in judgement ona a certain high place with his troops drawn up around him in

full armour, and he ordered his guards to drag there every single man of the Hebrews and compel them to eat swine's flesh and things offered to idols; but if any should   refuse  to defile them­ selves with the unclean things, they were to be tortured and put

to death.

37     And when many had been taken by  force,  one man first from among the company was brought before   Antiochus,    a Hebrew whose name was Eleazar, a  priest   by   birth, trained   in knowledge of the law, a man ad­ vanced in years and well known

to many of the tyrant's court for his philosophy.

38  And Antiochus, looking on him, said: 'Before I allow the tortures to begin for you, 0 venerable man, I would give you this counsel, that you should eat of the flesh of the swine and save your life; for I respect your age and your grey hairs, although to have worn them so long a time, and still to cling to the Jewish religion, makes me think you no phi­losopher.

39      For most excellent is the meat of this animal which Na­ture   has   graciously   bestowed upon us, and why should you abominate it?   Truly it is folly not to enjoy innocent pleasures, and it is wrong to reject Nature's favours.

40      But it will be still greater folly, I think, on your part if with idle vapouring about truth you shall proceed to defy even me to your own punishment.

41      Will you not awake from your   preposterous   philosophy? Will you not fling aside the non­ sense of your calculations and, adopting another frame of mind befitting your mature years, learn the true philosophy of expedi­ ency, and bow to my charitable

counsel, and have pity on your own venerable age?

42      For consider this, too, that even  if  there  be  some Power whose eye is upon this religion of yours, he will always pardon you for a transgression   done under compulsion.'

43      Thus urged by the tyrant to the unlawful eating of unclean meat, Eleazar asked permission to speak;   and receiving it, he began his speech before the court as follows:

44    'We, 0 Antiochus, having accepted the Divine Law as the Law of our country, do not be­ lieve any  stronger necessity  is laid upon us than that of our obedience to the Law.

45        Therefore   we   do   surely deem it right not in any way whatsoever   to  transgress   the Law.

46   And yet, were our Law, as you suggest, not truly divine, while we vainly believed it to be divine, not even so would it be right for us to destroy our repu­tation for piety.

47 Think it not, then, a small sin for us to eat the unclean thing, for the transgression of the Law, be it in small things or in great, is equally heinous; for in either case equally the Law is despised.

48 And you scoff at our phi­losophy, as if under it we were living in a manner contrary to reason.

49        Not so, for the Law teaches us self-control, so that we are masters of all our pleasures and desires and are thoroughly trained in manliness so as to en­dure all pain with readiness; and it teaches justice, so that with all our various dispositions we act fairly, and it teaches right­ eousness, so that with due rever­

ence we worship only the God who is.

50        Therefore do we eat no un­ clean  meat;   for  believing   our Law to be given by God, we know also that the Creator of the world, as a Lawgiver, feels for us according to our nature.

51       He has commanded us to eat the things that will be con­ venient for our souls, and he has forbidden us to eat meats that would be the contrary.

52       But it is the act of a tyrant that you should compel us not only to transgress the Law, but should also make us eat in such manner that you may mock at

this defilement so utterly abomi­ nable to us.

53       But you shall not mock at me thus, neither will I break the sacred oaths of my ancestors to keep the Law, not even though you   tear   out   mine   eyes   and burn out mine entrails.

54 I am not so unmanned by old age but that when righteous­ ness is at stake the strength of youth returns to my Reason.

55       So twist hard your racks and blow your furnace hotter, do not so pity mine old age as to break the Law of my fathers in mine own person.

56       I will not belie thee, 0 Law that wast my teacher; I will not desert thee, 0 beloved self-con­ trol; I will not put thee to shame, 0 wisdom-loving Reason, nor will I deny ye, 0 venerated priesthood and knowledge of the Law.

57       Neither shalt thou sully the pure mouth of mine old age and my lifelong constancy to the Law. Clean  shall  my   fathers receive me, unafraid of thy tor­ ments even to the death.

58       For thou indeed mayest be tyrant over unrighteous men, but thou shalt not lord it over my resolution in the matter of right­ eousness either by thy words or through thy deeds.'



Eleazar, the gentle spirited old man, shows such fortitude that even as we read these words 2000 years later, they seem like an inextinguishable fire.


BUT when Eleazar replied i thus eloquently to the ex­hortations of the tyrants, the guards around him dragged him roughly to the torturing place.

2   And first they unclothed the old man, who was adorned with the beauty of holiness.

3   Then binding his  arms on either side they scourged  him, a herald standing and shouting out over against him, 'Obey the orders of the king!'

4   But   the   great-souled   and noble man, an Eleazar in very truth, was no more moved in his mind than if he were being  tormented in a dream;  yea, the old man keeping his eyes stead­ fastly raised to heaven suffered his   flesh   to   be   torn   by   the

scourges till he was bathed in blood and his sides became a mass of wounds; and even when he fell to the ground because his body could no longer support the pain he still kept his Reason erect and inflexible.

5   "With his foot then one of the cruel guards as he fell kicked him savagely in the side to make him get up.

6   But he endured the anguish, and despised the compulsion, and bore up under the torments, and like a brave athlete taking pun­ishment, the old man outwore his tormentors.

7   The sweat stood on his brow, and he drew his breath in hard gasps, till his nobility of soul extorted the admiration of his tormentors themselves.

8   Hereupon, partly in pity for his old age, partly in sympathy for their friend,  partly in ad­ miration of his courage, some of the courtiers of the king went up to him and said:

9   'Why, 0 Eleazar, dost thou madly   destroy   thyself  in  this misery?   We will bring to thee of  the  seethed  meats,  but  do thou feign only to partake of the swine's flesh, and so save thyself.'

10    And  El eazar,  as   if  their counsel did but add to his tor­ tures, cried loudly: 'No.   May we sons of Abraham never have so evil a thought as with faint heart to counterfeit a part unseemly to us.

11Contrary to Reason, in­ deed, were it for us, after living unto the truth till old age, and guarding   in   lawful   guise   the repute   of   so .living,   now   to change and become in our own persons a pattern to the young of impiety, to the end that we should encourage  them  to  eat unclean meat.

12    Shame were it if we should ive  on  a  little  longer,  during ;hat little being mocked of all men  for  cowardice,   and  while despised by the tyrant as un­ manly should fail to defend the Divine Law unto the death.

13     Therefore, 0 sons of Abra­ham, do ye die nobly for right­ eousness' sake; but as for you, O minions of the tyrant, why pause ye in your work?'

14     So they, seeing him thus triumphant   over   the   tortures and unmoved even by the pity of his executioners, dragged him to the fire.

15     There they cast him on it, burning  him with cruelly cun­ning  devices,  and they  pourd broth  of  evil  odour  into   his  nostrils.

16     But when the fire already reached to his bones and he was about to give up the ghost, he lifted up his eyes to God and said:

17     'Thou, 0 God, knowest that though I might save my­self I am dying by fiery torments for thy Law. Be merciful unto thy people, and let our punish­ ment be a satisfaction in their behalf. Make my blood their purification, and take my soul to ransom their souls.'

18     And with these words the holy man nobly yielded up his spirit under the torture, and for the sake of the Law held out by his Reason even against the torments unto death.

19     Beyond question, then, the Inspired Reason is master over the passions; for if his passions or sufferings had prevailed over his Reason we should have cred­ ited them with this evidence of their superior power.

20     But now his Reason having conquered his passions, we prop­erly attribute to it the power oi commanding them.

21     And it is right that we should admit that the mastery lies with reason, in cases at least where it conquers pains that come from outside our­ selves; for it were ridiculous to deny it.

22  And my proof covers not only the superiority of Reason o pains, but its superiority to pleasures also; neither does it surrender to them.






This so called "Age of Reason" may in this chapter read that the Philosophy of Reason is 2000 years old. The story of seven sons and their mother.


FOR the Reason of our father Eleazar, like a fine steers­man steering the ship of sanctity on the sea of the passions, though buffeted by the threats of the tyrant and swept by the swelling waves of the tortures, never shifted for one moment the helm of sanctity until he sailed into the haven of victory over death.

2  No city besieged with many and   cunning   engines  ever  de­ fended itself so well as did that holy man when his sacred soul was attacked with scourge and rack and flame, and he moved them who were laying siege to his soul through his Reason that was the shield of sanctity.

3  For our father Eleazar, set­ ting his mind firm as a beetling sea-cliff, broke the mad onset of the surges of the passions.

4  0   priest   worthy   of   thy priesthood, thou didst not defile thy holy teeth, nor didst thou befoul with unclean meat thy belly that had  room only for piety and purity.

5  0 confessor of the Law and philosopher of the Divine life! Such should those be whose office is to serve the Law and defend it with their own blood and hon­

ourable sweat in the face of suf­ ferings to the death.

6  Thou, 0 father, didst fortify our fidelity to the Law through thy   steadfastness   unto   glory; and having spoken in honour of holiness thou didst not belie thy speech,  and  didst confirm the words of divine philosophy by thy deeds, 0 aged man that wast more forceful than the tortures.

7   0 reverend elder that wast tenser-strung   than   the   flame, thou great king over the pas­ sions, Eleazar.

8   For  as   our  father  Aaron, armed   with   the   censer,    ran through   the   massed   congrega­ tion against the fiery angel and overcame   him,   so  the  son  of Aaron, Eleazar, being consumed by the melting heat of the fire, remained unshaken in his Reason.

9   And yet most wonderful of all, he, being an old man, with the sinews of his body unstrung and his muscles relaxed and his nerves weakened, grew a young man again in the spirit of his Reason and with Isaac-like Rea­ son   turned   the   hydra-headed

torture to impotence.

10       0 blessed age, 0 reverend g*y head, O life faithful to the Law and perfected by the seal of death!

11       Assuredly, then, if an old man despised the torments unto death for righteousness' sake it must be admitted that the In­ spired Reason is able to guidethe passions.

12       But some perhaps may an­ swer that not all men are masters of the passions because not all men have their Reason enlight­ ened.

13       But as many as with their whole heart make righteousness their first thought, these alone are able to master the weakness of the flesh, believing that unto God they die not, as our patri­archs, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, died not, but that they

live unto God.

14       Therefore there is nothing contradictory in certain persons appearing to be slaves to passion in consequence of the weakness of their Reason.

15   For who is there that being a   philosopher   following   right­ eously  the  whole  rule  of  phi­ losophy, and having put his trust in God, and knowing that it is a blessed thing to endure all hardness for the sake of virtue, would not conquer his passions for the sake of righteousness?

16       For the wise and self-con­trolled man alone is the brave ruler of the passions.

17       Yea, by this means even young boys, being philosophers by virtue of the Reason which is  according   to   righteousness, have triumphed over yet more grievous tortures.

18       For when the tyrant found himself notably defeated in his first attempt, and impotent to compel an old man to eat un­ clean meat, then truly in violent rage he ordered the guards to bring others of the young men of   the   Hebrews,   and   if  they

would eat unclean meat to re­ lease them after eating it, but if they refused,  to torture them yet more savagely.

19       And under these orders of the tyrant  seven brethren to­ gether with their aged mother were brought prisoners before him, all handsome, and modest, and well-born, and generally at­ tractive.

20   And when the tyrant saw them there, standing as if they were a festal  choir with their mother in the  midst,  he took notice of them, and struck by their   noble   and   distinguished bearing he smiled at them, and calling them nearer said:

21       '0 young men, I wish well to each one of you, and admire  your beauty, and honour highly so large a band of brothers; so not only do I advise you not to persist in the madness of that old man who has already suf­ fered, but I even entreat of you to yield to me and become par­ takers in my friendship.

22       For, as I am able to pun­ ish those who disobey my orders, so am I able to advance those who do obey me.

23   Be assured then that you shall be given positions of im­portance and authority in my service if you will reject the ancestral law of your polity.

24   Share in the Hellenic life, and walk in a new way, and take   some   pleasure   in   your youth;  for if you drive me to anger   with   your disobedience you will compel me to resort to terrible penalties and put every single one of you to death by torture.

25        Have pity then on your­ selves, whom even I, your oppo­nent, pity for your youth and your beauty.

26         Will you not consider with yourselves this thing, that if you disobey me there is nothing be­ fore you but death in torments?'

27   With these words he  or­ dered the instruments of torture to be brought forward in order to persuade them by fear to eat unclean meat.

28       But when the guards had produced wheels, and joint-dis-locators,  and racks,  and bone- crushers,    and   catapults,   and cauldrons,    and   braziers,    and thumb-screws,   and  iron  claws, and wedges, and branding irons, the tyrant spoke again and said:

29       'You had better feel fear, my lads,  and the justice you worship  will  pardon your  un­ willing transgression.'

30       But they, hearing his per­ suasions, and seeing his dreadful engines, not only showed no fear but actually arrayed their phi­ losophy   in   opposition   to   the tyrant, and by their right Rea­ son did abase his tyranny.

31       And yet consider; suppos­ ing some amongst them to have been faint-hearted and cowardly, what   sort   of   language  would they have used? would it no' have been to this effect?

32'Alas!   miserable creatures that we are and foolish abovi measure!    When the king in vites us and appeals to us on ierms of kind treatment shall we aot obey him?

33       Why do we encourage ourselves with vain desires and dare a disobedience that is to cost us jur lives?   Shall we not, 0 men my brothers, fear the dread in­ struments   and  weigh  well  his ;hreats   of   the   tortures,   and abandon   these   empty   vaunts and this fatal bragging?

34       Let us take pity on our own youth and have compassionon our mother's age; and let us lay to heart that if we disobey we shall die.

35       And even the divine justice will have mercy on us, if com­pelled by necessity we yield to the king in fear.   Why should we cast away from us this dear Jife and  rob  ourselves  of this sweet world?

36       Let us not strive against necessity  nor  with  vain confi­ dence invite our torture.

37   Even the Law itself does not   willingly   condemn   us   to death, we being in terror of the instruments of torture.

38       Why does such contentious­ ness inflame us and a fatal obsti­ nacy find favour with us, when we might have a peaceful life by obeying the king?'

39       But no such words escaped these young men at the prospect of  the   torture,  nor  did  such thoughts enter into their minds.

40       For they were despisers of the passions and masters overpain.




A chapter of horror and torture revealing ancient tyranny at its

utmost   savagery.  Verse 26 is profound truth.


AND thus no sooner did the tyrant conclude his urging of them to eat unclean meat than all with one voice together, and as with one soul, said to him:

2   'Why  dost  thou  delay, 0 tyrant?    We are ready to die rather than transgress the com mandments of our fathers.

3   For we should  be putting our ancestors also to shame, I we did not walk in obedience to the Law and take Moses as our counsellor.

4   0 tyrant that counsellest us to transgress the Law, do not hating us, pity us beyond our­ selves.

5   For we es teem thy mercygiving us our life in return for a breach of the Law, a thing harder to bear than death itself.

6   Thou   wouldst   terrify   us with thy threats of death under torture, as if a little while ago thou hadst learned nothing from Eleazar.

7   But if the old men of the Hebrews   endured  the   tortures for righteousness' sake, yea, until they died, more befittingly will we young men die despising the torments of thy compulsion, over which he our aged teacher also triumphed.

8   Make    trial   therefore,    0 tyrant.   And if thou takest our lives for the sake of righteous­ ness, think not that thou hurtest us with thy tortures.

9   For we through this our evil entreatment and our endurance of it shall win the prize of vir­ tue;   but  thou   for  our   cruel murder shalt suffer at the hands of divine justice sufficient tor­ ment by fire for ever.'

10     These words of the youths redoubled   the   wrath   of   the tyrant, not at their disobedience only but at what he considered their ingratitude.

11     So    by   his   orders   the scourgers  brought  forward  the eldest of them and stripped him of his garment and bound his hands and arms on either side

with thongs.

12  But when they had scourged   him   till   they   were weary,    and    gained    nothing thereby, they cast him upon the wheel.

13     And on it the noble youth was racked till his bones were out of joint.   And as joint after joint gave  way,  he denounced the tyrant in these words:

14     '0 thou most abominable tyrant, thou enemy of the justice of  heaven  and  bloody-minded, thou dost torment me in this fashion not for manslaying nor for impiety  but  for defending the Law of God.'

15     And when the guards said to  him,  'Consent  to  eat,  that so you may  be  released  from your tortures,' he said to them, 'Your method, 0 miserable min­ ions, is  not  strong  enough  to lead captive my Reason.    Cut off my limbs, and burn my flesh, and twist my joints; through all the torments I  will show you that in behalf of virtue the sons of the Hebrews alone are uncon­ querable.'

16     As he thus spake they set bot coals upon him besides, and intensifying the torture strained iim yet tighter on the wheel.

17     And all the wheel was be­ smeared with his blood, and the leaped coals were quenched by ;he humours of his body drop­ ping down, and the rent flesh ran   round   the   axles   of   the machine.

18     And with his bodily frame already in dissolution this greatsouled youth, like a true son of Abraham, groaned not at all; )ut as if he were suffering a :hange by fire to incorruption, he nobly endured the torment, laying:

19     'Follow   my   example,   0 mothers.  Do not for ever desert ne,    and    forswear    not    our rotherhood in nobility of soul.

20  War a holy and honour­able warfare on behalf of right­ eousness, through which may the ust Providence that watched iver our fathers become merci-ul unto his people and take vengeance  on the accursed tyrant.'

21     And with these words the holy youth yielded up the ghost.

22     But while all were wonder­ing at his constancy of soul, the guards brought forward the sec­ ond in age of the sons, and grap­pling   him   with   sharp-clawed hands of iron they fastened him to the engines and the catapult.

23     But when they heard his noble resolve in answer to their question, 'Would he eat rather than be tortured?' these pantherlike  beasts  tore  at  his  sinews with  claws  of  iron,   and   rent away   all   the   flesh   from   his cheeks,   and  tore  off  the  skin from his head.

24     But he steadfastly endur­ ing this agony said, 'How sweet is every form of death for the sake of the righteousness of our fathers!'

25     And to the tyrant he said, 'O most ruthless of tyrants, doth not it seem to thee that at this moment   thou   thyself  sufferest tortures worse than mine in see­ ing thy  tyranny's arrogant in­ tention overcome by my endur­ ance for righteousness' sake?

26     For I am supported under pain   by   the   joys   that   come through virtue, whereas thou art in torment whilst glorying in thy impiety;  neither shalt thou es­ cape, 0 most abominable tyrant, the penalties of the divine wrath.'

27     And when he had bravely met his glorious death, the third son  was  brought  forward  and was earnestly entreated by many to taste and so to save himself.

28     But he answered in a loud voice, 'Are ye ignorant that the same father begat me and my brothers that are dead, and the same mother gave us birth, and in  the  same  doctrines  was  I brought up?

29     I do not forswear the noble bond of brotherhood.

30  Therefore if ye have any engine of torment, apply it to this body of mine; for my soul ye cannot reach, not if ye would.'

31     But    they    were    greatly angered at the bold speech of the man, and they  dislocated his hands  and his  feet with their dislocating engines, and wrenched his limbs out of their sockets, and unstrung them;   and they twisted  round  his fingers,  and

his arms, and his legs, and his elbow-joints.

32     And in no wise being able to    strangle    his    spirit    they stripped off his skin, taking the points of the fingers with it, and tore   in   Scythian   fashion   the scalp from his head, and straight­ way brought him to the wheel.

33     And on this they twisted his  spine  till he saw his  own flesh hanging in strips and great gouts   of   blood   pouring   down from his entrails.

34     And at the point of death he said, 'We, 0 most abominable tyrant, suffer thus for our up­ bringing and our virtue that are of God; but thou for thy impiety and thy cruelty shall endure tor­ ments without end.'

35  And when this man  had died  worthily  of  his  brothers, they brought up the fourth, and said to him, 'Be not thou also mad with the same madness as thy brethren, but obey the king and save thyself.'

36  But  he  said  unto  them, 'For me ye have no fire so ex­ ceeding hot as to make me a coward.

37  By  the  blessed  death  of my   brethren,   by   the   eternal doom of the tyrant, and by the glorious life of the righteous, I will not deny my noble brother­ hood.

38  Invent tortures, 0 tyrant, in order that thou mayest learn thereby that  I  am brother of those  who  have  been  already tortured.'

39  When   he  heard  this  the bloodthirsty,    murderous,    and utterly abominable   Antiochus bade them cut out his tongue.

40      But he said, 'Even if thou dost remove my organ of speech, God  is  a  hearer also  of  the speechless.

41      Lo, I put out my tongue ready: cut it out, for thou shalt not thereby silence my Reason.

42      Gladly   do   we   give   our bodily members to be mutilated for the cause of God.

43      But God will speedily pur­ sue after thee; for thou cuttest out the tongue that sang songs of praise unto him.'

44      But  when  this  man  also was put to a death of agony with   the   tortures,   the   fifth sprang forward saying, 'I shrink not, 0 tyrant, from demanding the torture for virtue's sake.

45      Yea, of myself I come for­ ward, in order that, slaying me also, thou mayest by yet more misdeeds   increase   the   penalty thou   owest   to   the   justice   of Heaven.

46      0   enemy   of   virtue   and enemy of man, for what crime dost  thou  destroy us  in this way?

47      Doth it seem evil to thee that we worship the Creator of all   and   live   according  to his virtuous Law?

48      But these things are worthy of honours  not of tortures,  if thou   didst   understand   human aspirations  and hadst hope  of salvation before God.

49      Lo,  now  thou   art   God's enemy and makest war on thosethat worship God.'

50 As he spake thus the guards bound him and brought him before the catapult; and they tied him thereto on his knees, and, fastening them there with iron clamps, they wrenched his loins over the rolling 'wedge' so that he was completely curled back like a scorpion and every joint was disjointed.

51 And thus in grievous strait for breath and anguish of body he exclaimed, 'Glorious, 0 tyrant, glorious against thy will are the boons that thou bestowest on me, enabling me to show my fidelity to the Law through yet more honourable tortures.'

52     And  when  this man also was dead, the sixth was brought, a mere boy, who in nswer to the tyrant's inquiry whether he was willing to eat and be re­ leased, said:

53     'I am not so old in years as my brethren, but I am as old in mind. For we were born and reared for the same purpose and are equally bound also to die for the same cause; so if thou chooseth to torture us for not eating unclean meat, torture.'

54     As he  spake  these words they brought him to the wheel, and with care they stretched him out and dislocated the bones of his back and set fire under him.

55     And    they    made    sharp skewers red-hot and ran them into   his   back,   and   piercing through his  sides  they burned away his entrails also.

56     But he in the midst of his tortures   exclaimed,   '0   contest worthy   of   saints,   wherein   so many  of  us  brethren,   in  the cause of righteousness, have been entered for a  competition in tor­ ments, and have not been con­ quered!

57     For the  righteous  under­ standing,   0   tyrant,   is  uncon­ querable.

58     In  the  armour  of virtue I  go  to  join  my  brothers  in death, and to add in myself one strong avenger more to punish thee, 0 deviser of the tortures and enemy of the truly right­ eous.

59     We six yout hs have over­ thrown thy tyranny.   For is not thine impotence to alter our Rea­ son or force us to eat unclean meat an overthrow for thee?

60     Thy fire is cool for us, thy engines of torture torment not, and thy violence is impotent.

61 For the guards have been officers for us, not of a tyrant, but of the Divine Law; and therefore have we our Reason yet unconquered.'




Brotherly bonds and a mother's love.

AND when this one also died a blessed death, being cast into the  cauldron, the seventh son, the youngest of them all, came forward.

2 But the tyrant, although fiercely exasperated by his breth­ren, felt pity for the boy, and seeing him there already bound he had him brought near, and sought to persuade him, saying: 'Thou seest the end of the folly of thy brethren; for through their disobedience they have been racked to death. Thou, too, if thou dost not obey, wilt thyself also be miserably tor­tured and put to death before thy time; but if thou dost obey thou shalt be my friend, and thou shalt be advanced to high office in the business of the king­dom.'

4   And while thus appealing to him   he   sent    for   the   boy's mother, in order that in her sor­ row for the loss of so many sons she might urge the survivor to obey and be saved.

5   But  the mother, speaking in the Hebrew tongue, as I shall tell later on, encouraged the boy, and   he   said   to   the   guards; 'Loose me, that I may speak to the king and to all his friends with him.'

6   And they, rejoicing at the boy's   request,   made   haste  to loose him.

7   And running up to the red-hot brazier, 'O impious tyrant, he cried, 'and most ungodly o: all sinners, art thou not ashamec to take thy blessings  and thy kingship at the hands of God and to slay his servants and tor­ture the followers of righteous­ness?

8   For which things the divine ustice delivers thee unto a more rapid  and an  eternal fire and ;orments which shall not leave lold on thee to all eternity.

9   Art thou not ashamed, being a man, 0 wretch with the heart of a wild  beast,  to take men of   like   feelings   with   thyself, made from the same elements, and tear out their tongues, and scourge and torture them in this manner?

10     But while they have ful­ filled their righteousness towards God in their noble deaths, thou shalt miserably cry "Woe is me!" for thy unjust  slaying  of the champions of virtue.'

11And then standing on the brink of death he said, 'I am no renegade to  the  witness  borne by my brethren.

12     And I call upon the God of my fathers to be merciful unto my nation.

13     And  thee  will  he  punish both  in  this  present  life  and after that thou art dead.'

14     And with this prayer hecast   himself   into   the   red-hot brazier,  and  so  gave  up   the ghost.

15  If    therefore    the    seven brethren   despised   the  tortures even  to  the  death,  it  is  uni­ versally proved that the Inspired Reason is supreme lord over the passions.

16    For if they had yielded to their passions or sufferings and eaten unclean meat, we should have said that they had been conquered  thereby.

17    But in this case it was not so;   on  the   contrary by  their Reason, which was commended in the sight of God, they rose superior to their passions.

18And it is impossible to deny the supremacy of the mind; for they won the victory over their passions and their pains.

19      How can we do otherwise than admit right Reason's mas­ tery over passion with these men who   shrank   not   before   the agonies of burning?

20      For even as towers on har­ bour-moles repulse the assaultsof the waves and offer a calm entrance to those entering the haven, so the seven-towered right

Reason of the youths defended the haven of righteousness and repulsed the tempestuousness of the passions.

21      They formed a holy choir of righteousness as they cheered one another on, saying:

22      'Let us die like brothers, 0 brethren, for the Law.

23      Let  us  imitate the Three Children at the Assyrian court who despised this same ordeal of the furnace.

24      Let us not turn cravens be­ fore the proof of righteousness.'

25  And one said, 'Brother, be of   good   cheer,'   and   another, 'Bear it out nobly'; and another recalling the past, 'Remember of what stock ye are, and at whose fatherly  hand  Isaac  for  right­ eousness' sake yielded himself to be a sacrifice.'

26      And each and all of them together, looking at each other brightly and very boldly, said, 'With a whole heart will we con­secrate ourselves unto God who gave us our souls, and let us lend our bodies to the keeping of the Law.

27  Let us not fear him who thinketh  he  kills;   for a great struggle  and  peril of the soul awaits in eternal torment those who transgress the ordinance of God.

28     Let us then arm ourselves with divine Reason's mastery of the passions.

29     After   this   our   passion, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob shall receive us, and all our forefathers shall praise us.'

30  And to each separate one of the brothers., as they were

31     You  are  not  ignorant  of the love of brethren, whereof the divine  and  all-wise  Providence has given an inheritance to those who are begotten though their

fathers,  implanting it in them even    through    the    mother's womb;    wherein    brethren   do dwell the like period, and take their form during the same time, and are nourished from the same blood, and are quickened with the same soul, and are brought into the world after the same space, and they draw milk from the same founts, whereby their fraternal  souls   are  nursed  to­ gether in arms at the breast; and  they  are  knit  yet  closer

through a common nurture and daily companionship and other education, and through our dis­ cipline under the Law of God.

32     The   feeling   of  brotherly love being thus naturally strong, the   seven   brethren   had   their mutual     concord     made     yet stronger.    For  trained   in   the same Law, and disciplined in the same virtues, and brought up to­ gether in the upright life, they loved   one   another   the   more abundantly.   Their common zeal

for moral beauty and goodness heightened their mutual concord, for   in   conjunction   with   their piety it rendered their brotherly love more fervent.

33     But  though  nature,  com­ panionship,  and   their  virtuous disposition increased the ardour of their brotherly love, neverthe­ less the surviving sons through their religion supported the sight of their brethren, who were on the   rack,   being   tortured   to

death; nay more, they even en­ couraged them to face the agony, so as not only to despise their own tortures, but also to con­ quer their passion of brotherly affection for their  brethren.

34 0 Reasoning minds, more kingly than kings, than freemen more free, of the harmony of the seven brethren, holy and well attuned to the keynote of piety!

35 None of the seven youths turned coward, none shrunk in the face of death, but all has­tened to the death by torture as if running the road to immor­tality.

36        For   as   hands   and   feet  move   in   harmony with the promptings of the soul, so those holy youths, as if prompted by the  immortal  soul  of   religion, went in harmony to death for its sake.

37        0 all-holy sevenfold com­ panionship of brethren in har­ mony!

38        For as the seven days of the  creation  of  the  world   do enring religion, so did the youths choir-like enring their sevenfold companionship,   and   made   the terror of the tortures of no ac­ count.

39        We now shudder when we hear  of  the suffering of those youths; but   they,   not   only seeing   it  with  their  eyes,  nor merely hearing the spoken, m­ minent threat, but actually feel­ ing the pang, endured it through; and that in the torture by fire, than which what greater agony can be found?

40        For sharp and stringent is :he power of fire, and swiftly did it bring their bodies to dissolu­ tion.

41        And think it not wonderful if with those men Reason tri­ umphed over the tortures, when even a woman's soul despised a yet greater diversity of pains; for  the  mother  of  the  seven youths   endured   the   torments inflicted on each several one of her children.

42     But consider how manifoldare the yearnings of a mother's heart, so that her feeling for her offspring becomes the centre of her whole world;  and indeed, here, even the irrational animals have for their young an affection and love similar to men's.

43       For  example,  among  the birds, the tame ones sheltering under   our   roofs   defend   their nestlings;   and those that nest upon the mountain tops, and in

the rock clefts, and in the holes of trees,  and in the branches, and hatch their young there, do also drive away the intruder.

44   And then, if they be unable to drive him away, they nutter around the nestlings in a passion of love, calling to them in their own speech, and they give suc­ cour  to   their  young  ones   in whatever fashion they can.

45       And what  need have we of examples of the love of off­ spring among irrational animals, when even the bees, about the season   of   the   making   of  the comb,  fend  off  intruders,  and stab with their sting, as with a sword, those who approach their brood,   and   do   battle   against them even to the death?

46       But   she,   the  mother   of those young men, with a soul like Abraham, was not moved from her purpose by her affec­ tion for her children.





A comparison of a mother's and father's affections,

in this chap­ter are some mountain peaks of eloquence.

O REASON of the sons, lord over the passions!    0 re­ligion, that wast dearer to the mother than her children!

2   The   mother,   having   two choices before her, religion and the present saving alive of her seven   sons   according   to   the tyrant's   promise,   loved   rather religion,    which    saveth    unto eternal life according to God.

3   0 how may I express the passionate love of parents for children?   We stamp a marvelIous likeness of our soul and of our shape on the tender nature of the child, and most of all through the mother's sympathy with her children being deeper than the father's.

4   For women are softer of soul than men, and the more children they   bear   the   more   do   they abound in love for them.

5   But, of all mothers, she of the seven sons abounded in love beyond   the   rest,   seeing   that, having  in  seven   child-bearings felt maternal tenderness for the fruit of her womb, and having been constrained because of the many pangs in which she bore each  to  a  close  affection,  she nevertheless through the fear of God rejected the present safety of her children.

6   Ay,   and  more  than  that, through the moral beauty and goodness of her sons and their obedience to the Law, her ma­ ternal love for them was made stronger.

7   For they were just, and tem­perate,   and   brave   and   great-souled, and lovers of each other and of their mother in such man­ ner that they obeyed her in the keeping of the Law even unto death.

8   But    nevertheless,    though she had so many temptations to yield to her maternal instincts, in  no  single  instance  did  the dreadful variety of tortures have power to alter her Reason; butthe mother urged each son sep­ arately, and all together, to die for their religion.

9   O holy nature, and parental love, and yearning of parents for offspring, and wages of nursing, and unconquerable affection  of mothers!

10       The  mother,  seeing  them one by one racked and burned, remained unshaken in soul for religion's sake.

11   She saw the flesh of her sons being consumed in the fire, and   the   extremities   of   their hands and feet scattered on the ground, and the flesh-covering, torn off from their heads right to their cheeks, strewn about like masks.

12      O mother, who now knewsharper pangs than the pangs of labour!   0 woman, alone among women, the fruit of whose womb was perfect religion!

13      Thy   firstborn,   giving   up the ghost, did not alter thy reso­ lution, nor thy second, looking with eyes of pity on thee under his   tortures,    nor   thy   third, breathing out his spirit.

14      Neither   didst   thou  weep when thou beheldest the eyes of each amid the torments looking boldly on the same anguish, and sawest in their quivering nostrils the signs of approaching death.

15      When thou sawest the flesh of one son being severed after the flesh of another, and hand after hand  being  cut  off,  and head  after   head  being  flayed, and corpse cast upon corpse, and the plaee crowded with specta­ tors on account of the tortures of thy children,  thou sheddest not a tear.

16      Not  the  melodies  of  the sirens  nor the songs  of swans with sweet sound do so charm the hearer's ears, as sounded the voices of the sons, speaking to

the mother from amid the tor­ ments.

17  How many and how great were the tortures with which the mother was tormented while her sons were  being  tortured with torments of rack and fire!

18      But Inspired Reason lent her heart a man's strength under her   passion   of   suffering, and exalted her to make no account of   the   present   yearnings   of mother-love.

19  And although she saw the destruction of her seven children and the many and varied forms of   their   torments,   the   noble mother    willingly    surrendered them through faith in God.

20   For she beheld in her own mind, even as it had been cun­ ning   advocates   in   a council-chamber,   nature,   and   parent­ hood, and mother-love, and her children on the rack, and it was as if she, the mother, having the choice between two votes in the case of her children, one for their death and one to save them alive, thereupon regarded not the sav­ ing of her seven sons for a little time, but, as a true daughter of Abraham,   called   to   mind   his God-fearing courage.

21        0 mother of the race, vindi­ cator of our Law, defender of our religion, and winner of the prize in the struggle within thyself!

22        0 woman, nobler to resist than men, and braver than war­ riors to endure!

23        For as the Ark of Noah, with the whole living world for her burden in. the world-whelm­ ing  Deluge,  did withstand the mighty   surges,   so   thou,   the keeper of the Law, beaten upon every side by the surging waves of the passions, and strained as

with strong blasts by the tor­ tures of thy sons, didst nobly weather the storms that assailed thee for religion's sake.

24   Thus then, if one both a woman and advanced in years and the mother of seven sons endured the sight of her childrei being tortured to death, the In­ spired Reason must confessedly be supreme ruler over the pas sions.

25        I have proved, accordingly that   not   only   have   men   tri umphed   over   their   sufferings but that a woman also has de spised the most dreadful tortures

26        And not so fierce were the lions around Daniel, not so ho was the burning fiery furnace o Mishael, as burned in her the instinct  of  motherhood  at  the sight  of  her seven sons  being tortured.

27       But by her religion-guide Reason the mother quenched he assions, many and strong as they were.

28    For there is this also to insider,  that had the woman ieen weak of spirit, despite her lotherhood,   she   might   have wept over them, and perchance s;poken thus:

29       'Ah,   thrice   wretched  me, and more than thrice wretched! Seven children have I borne and am left childless!

30   In vain was I se ven times with child, and to no profit was nay ten months' burden seven .imes borne, and fruitless have 3een my nursings, and sorrowful my sucklings.

31    In vain for you, 0 my sons, did I endure the many pangs of labour, and the more difficult cares of your upbringing.

32     Alas,   for  my  sons,  that some were yet unwed, and those that were wedded had begotten no  children;   I shall never see :hildren of yours, nor shall I be jailed by  the name of grand­parent.

33       Ah  me,  that  had  many beautiful   children,   and   am   a widow and desolate in my woe! Neither will there be any son to bury me when I am dead!'

33       But   the  holy  and  God­ fearing mother wailed not with this lamentation over any one of  them, neither besought she any to escape  death, nor lamented over them as dying men; but, as though she had a soul of ada­ mant  and were bringing  forth

the number of her sons, for a second time, into immortal life, she   besought   rather   and   en­ treated of them that they should die for religion's sake.

35      0 mother, warrior of God in the cause of religion, old and a woman, thou didst both de­feat the tyrant by thy endur­ ance, and wast found stronger than a man, in deeds as well as words.

36      For verily when thou wast put in  bonds  with thy sons, thou stoodest there seeing Eleazar being tortured, and thou spakest to thy sons in the He­brew tongue:

37      'My   sons,   noble   is   the fight;  and do ye, being called thereto to bear witness for our nation, fight therein zealously on behalf of the Law of our fathers.

38      For it would be shameful if, while this aged man endured the agony for religion's sake, you that are young men shrank be­ fore the pain.

39      Remember   that   for   the sake of God ye have come into the   world,   and   have   enjoyed life, and that therefore ye owe  t to God to endure all pain for  his   sake;   for  whom  also   our father Abraham made haste to sacrifice his son Isaac, the an­ cestor of our nation; and Isaac, seeing his father's hand lifting the knife against him, did notshrink.

40      And Daniel, the just man, was    cast   to   the  lions,   and Ananias,  Azarias,  and  Mishael were flung into the furnace of fire, and they endured for God's sake.

41      And  ye  also,  having  thesame  faith  unto   God,   be  not troubled;   for   it   were against Reason that ye, knowing right­ eousness,  should  not withstand the pains.'

42      With    these    words    the mother of the seven encouraged every single one of her sons to die  rather than  transgress  the ordinance of God;   they them­ selves also knowing well that men dying for God live unto God, as live  Abraham,   and  Isaac,  and Jacob, and all the patriarchs.






The famous "Athletes of Right­eousness." Here ends the story of   courage   called   the   Fourth

Book of Maccabees.


SOME of the guards declared _   that   when   she   also   was about to be seized andput to death, she cast herself on the pyre in order that no man might touch her body.

2   0   mother,   that   together with thy seven sons didst break the tyrant's force, and bring to nought   his   evil   devices,   and gavest an example of the noble­ ness of faith.

3   Thou wert nobly set as a roof upon thy sons  as pillars, and the earthquake of the tor­ ments shook thee not at all.

4   Rejoice  therefore,  puresouled mother, having the hope of thy endurance certain at the hand of God.

5   Not so majestic stands the moon amid the stars in heaven as thou, having lit the path of thy   seven   starlike   sons   unto righteousness, standest  in hon­ our with God; and thou art set in heaven with them.

6   For  thy  child-bearing was from the son of Abraham.

7   And had it been lawful for us to paint, as might some artist, the tale of thy piety, would not  the  spectators   have  shuddered at the mother of seven sons suf­fering for righteousness' sake  multitudinous tortures even unto death?

8   And indeed it were fitting to inscribe these words over their resting-place,   speaking for a memorial to future generations of our people:















9 For truly it was a holy war which was fought by them.   For on that day virtue, proving them through endurance, set before them the prize of victory in in-corruption in everlasting life.

10     But the first in the fight was Eleazar, and the mother of the seven sons played her part, and the brethren fought.

11     The tyrant was their ad­ versary and the world and the life of man were the spectators.

12     And righteousness won the victory, and gave the crown to her athletes.   Who but wondered at the athletes of the true Law?

13     Who were not amazed at them?   The tyrant himself and his whole council admired their endurance, whereby they now do both stand beside the throne of God and live the blessed age.

14     For Moses says, 'AH also who have sanctified themselves are under thy hands.'

15   And these men, therefore, having sanctified themselves for God's sake, not only have re­ceived this honour, but also the honour that through them the enemy had no more power over our people, and the tyrant suf­ fered punishment, and our coun­ try was purified, they having as it were become a ransom for our nation's  sin; and through the blood of these righteous men and the propitiation of their death, the divine Providence delivered Israel that before was evil en­ treated.

16     For when the tyrant Antiochus saw the heroism of their virtue,    and    their    endurance under the tortures, he publicly held up their endurance to his soldiers as an example;  and he thus  inspired his  men with  a sense of honour and heroism on the field of battle and in the labours of besieging, so that he plundered and overthrew all his enemies.

17  0 Israelites, children born of the seed of Abraham, obey this Law, and be righteous in all ways,  recognizing that  In­ spired Reason is lord over the passions, and over pains, not only from within, but from with­out ourselves; by which means those men, delivering up their bodies to the torture for right­eousness' sake, not only won the admiration of mankind, but were deemed worthy of a divine in­heritance.

18       And through them the na­ tion obtained peace and restor­ ing the observance of the Law in. our country hath captured the city from the enemy.

19       And vengeance hath pur­ sued the tyrant Antiochus upon earth, and in death he suffers punishment.

20       For when he failed utterly to constrain the people of Jeru­ salem to live like Gentiles and abandon   the   customs   of   our fathers, he thereupon left Jeru­ salem and marched away against the Persians.

21       Now these are the words that the mother of the seven sons, the righteous woman, spake to her children:

22       'I was a pure maiden, and I strayed not from my father's house, and I kept guard over the rib that was builded into Eve.

23       No seducer of the desert, no deceiver in the field, corrupted me; nor did the false, beguiling Serpent sully the purity of my maidenhood; I lived with my husband  all  the   days  of  my youth; but when these my sons were grown up, their father died.

18       Happy   was   he;   for   he  lived a life blessed with children, and he never knew the pain of their loss.

25     Who, while he was yet with us, taught you the Law and the prophets. He read to us of Abel who was slain by Cain, and of saac who was offered as a burnt-offering, and of Joseph in the prison.

26     And  he  spake to  us  of Phineas, the zealous priest, and  he   taught   you   the   song   of  Ananias, Azarias,  and Mishael in the fire.

27       And he glorified also Dan­ iel   in  the   den  of   lions,   and blessed him; and he called to your minds the saying of Isaiah,

28       "Yea   even   though   thou pass through the fire, the flame shall not hurt thee."

29       He sang to us the words of David the psalmist, "Many are the afflictions of the just."

30       He quoted to us the prov­ erb of Solomon, "He is a tree of life to all them that do his will."

31   He confirmed the words of Ezekiel, "Shall these dry bones live?"    For he forgat not the song that Moses taught, which teaches, "I will slay and I will make alive. This is your life and the blessedness of your days."'

32       Ah, cruel was the day, and yet not  cruel, when the  cruel  tyrant of the Greeks set the fire blazing  for his barbarous bra­ ziers,   and   with   his   passions boiling brought to the catapult and back again to his tortures the seven sons of the daughter of Abraham, and blinded the eye­ balls of their eyes, and cut out their  tongues,  and  slew  them with many kinds of torment.

33       For which cause the judge­ ment of God pursued, and shall pursue, the accursed wretch.

34       But the sons of Abraham, with their victorious mother, are gathered together unto the place of  their  ancestors,  having received pure and immortal souls from God, to whom be glory for ever and ever.





(THE FOGOTTEN BOOKS OF EDEN– edited by RUTHERFORD H. PLATT, Jr – Published by Word Bible Publishers, Inc - 1926)




Benjamin, the twelfth son of Ja­cob and Rachel, the baby of the family, turns philosopher and philanthropist.

THE copy of the words of X Benjamin, which he com­manded his sons to observe, after he had lived a hundred and twenty-five years.

2   And he kissed them,  and said: As Isaac was born to Abra­ham in his old age, so also was I to Jacob.

3   And sinceRachel my mother died in giving me birth, I had no milk; therefore I was suckled by Bilhah her handmaid.

4   For Rachel remained barren for twelve years after she had borne Joseph; and she prayed the Lord  with fasting twelve days, and she coneeived and bare me.

5   For my father loved Rachel dearly, and prayed that he might see two sons born from her.

6   Therefore was I called Ben­jamin, that is, a son of days.

7   And when I went into Egypt, to Joseph, and my brother recognized me, he said unto me: What did they tell my father when they sold me?

8   And I said unto him, They dabbled thy coat with blood and gent it, and said: Know whether this be thy son's coat.

9     And he said unto me: Even so, brother, when theyhad stripped me  of my coat they gave me to the Ishmaelites, and they gave me a loin cloth, and scourged me, and bade me run.

10    And as for one of them that had beaten me with a rod, a lion met him and slew him.

11    And so his associates were affrighted.

12    Do ye also, therefore, my children, love the Lord God of heaven and earth, and keep His commandments, following the ex­ ample of the good and holy man Joseph.

13    And let your mind be unto good, even as ye know me; for he that hath his mind right seeth all things rightly.

14    Fear ye the Lord, and love your neighbour; andeven though the spirits of Beliar claim you to afflict you with every evil, yet shall they not have dominion over you, even as they had not over Joseph my brother.

15    How many men wished to slay him, and God shielded him!

16      For he that feareth God and loveth his neighbour can­ not be smitten by the spirit of Beliar, being shielded by the fear of God.

17      Nor can he be ruled over by the device of men or beasts, for he is helped by the Lord through the love which he hath towards his neighbour.

18       For Joseph also besought our father that he would pray for his brethren, that the Lord would not impute to them as sin whatever  evil  they  had  done unto him. And thus Jacob cried out: My good child, thou hast pre­ vailed over the bowels of thy father Jacob.

19      And he embraced him, and kissed him for two hours, saying:

20      In thee shall be fulfilled the prophecy of heaven concerning the Lamb of God, and Saviour of the world, and that a blame­ less one shall be delivered up for lawless men, and a sinless one shall die for ungodly men in the blood of the covenant, for the salvation of the Gentiles and of Israel,and shall destroy Beliar and his servants.

21      See ye, therefore, my chil­ dren, the end of the good man?

22      Be followers of  his  com passion, therefore, with a good mind, that ye also may wear crowns of glory.

23   For the good man hath not a dark eye; for be showeth mercy to all men, even though they be sinners.

24       And though they devise with evil intent concerning him, by  doing good he overcometh evil, being shielded by God; and he loveth the righteousas his own soul.

25      If any one is glorified, he envieth him not; if any one Is enriched, he is not jealous; if any one is valiant, he praiseth him; the virtuous man he laudeth; on the poor man he hath mercy; on the  weak he hath compassion; unto God he singeth praises.

26      And him that hath the grace of a good spirit he loveth as his own soul.

28     If, therefore, ye also have a good mind, then will both wicked men be at peace with you, and the profligate will rev­erence you and turn unto good; and the covetous will not only cease from their inordinate de­sire, but even give the objects of their covetousness to them that are afflicted.

29      If ye do well, even the unclean spirits will flee from you; and the beasts will dread you.

30      For where there is rever­ ence for good works and light in the mind, even darkness fleeth away from him.

31      For if any one does vio­ lence to  a holy man,  he repenteth; for the holy man is merciful to his reviler, and holdeth his peace.

32      And if any one betrayeth a righteous man, the righteous man prayeth: though for a little he be humbled, yet not long after  he appeareth far more glorious, as was Joseph my brother.

33      The inclination of the good man is not in the power of the deceit of the spirit of Beliar, for the angel of peace guideth his soul.

34      And he gazeth not passion­ ately upon  corruptible things, nor gathereth together riches through a desire of pleasure.

35      He delighteth not in pleasure, he grieveth not his neighbour, he sateth not himself with luxuries, he erreth not in the uplifting of the eyes, for the Lord is his portion.

36       The good inclination re ceiveth not glory nor  dishonour from men, and it knoweth not any guile, or lie, or fighting or reviling;  for the Lord dwelleth in him and lighteth up his soul, and he rejoiceth towards all men alway.

37      The good mind hath not two tongues, of blessing and of cursing,   of   contumely   and  of honour, of sorrow and of joy, of quietness and of confusion, of hypocrisy and of truth, of poverty and of wealth; but it hath one disposition, uncorrupt and pure, concerning all men.

38    It  hath no double sight, nor double hearing; for in every­ thing which he doeth, or speaketh, or seeth, he knoweth that the Lord looketh on his soul.

39    And he cleanseth his mind that he may not be condemned by men as well as by God.

40    And  in  like  manner  the works of Beliar are, twofold, and there is no singleness in them.

41    Therefore, my children, I tell you, flee the malice of Beliar; for he giveth a sword to them that obey him.

42    And the sword is the mother of seven evils. First the mind conceiveth through Beliar, and first there is bloodshed; sec­ ondly ruin; thirdly, tribulation; fourthly, exile; fifthly, dearth; sixthly, panic;   seventhly, de­ struction.

43    Therefore was Cain also de­ livered over to seven vengeances by God, for in every hundred years   the   Lord   brought   one plague upon him.

44    And when he was two hun­ dred years old he began to suf­ fer, and in the nine-hundredth year he was destroyed.

45    For on account of Abel, his brother,  with  all the evils was he judged, but Lamech with seventy times seven.

46    Because for ever those, who are like Cain in envy and hatred of brethren,  shall  be punished with the same judgement.




Verse 3 contains a striking ex­ample of the homeliness yet viv­idness of the figures of speech of these ancient patriarchs.


AND do ye, my children, fleeevil-doing, envy, and hatred of breathren, and cleave to goodness and love.

2   He that bath a pure mind in love, looketh not after a woman with a view to fornieatioij; for he  hath  no   defilement in  his heart, because the Spirit of God resteth upon him.

3   For as the sun is not. Denied by shining on dung and mire, but rather drieth up both and diiveth away the evil smell; so also the pure mind, though encompassed by the defilements of earth, rather cleanseth them and is not itself defiled.

4   And I believe that thete will be also evil-doings among you, from the words  of Enoch the righteous: that ye shall commit fornication with the fornication of Sodom, and shall perish, all save  a  few, and shall renew wanton deeds with women; and the kingdom of the Lord shall not be among you, for straight­ way He shall take it away.

5   Nevertheless the temple of God shall be in your Portion,and the last temple shall be more glorious than the first.

6  And the twelve tribes shall be gathered together there, and all the Gentiles, until the Most High shall send forth His salva­ tion in the visitation of an. onlybegotten prophet.

7  And He shall enter into the first temple, and there shall the Lord  be  treated with   outrage, and He shall be lifted up upon a tree.

8  And the veil of the temple shall be rent, and the Spirit of God shall pass on to the Gentiles as fire poured forth.

9  And He shall ascend from Hades and shall pass from earth into heaven.

10   And I know how lowly He shall be upon earth, and how glorious in heaven.

11Now when Joseph 'Was in Egypt, I longed to see his figure and the form of his countenance; and through the prayers of Jacob my father I saow him, while awake in the daytime, even his entire figure exactly as he was.

12   And when he had said these things, he said unto them: Know ye, therefore, my children, that I am dying.

13   Do ye, therefore, truth each one to his neighbour, and keep the law of the Lord and His commandments.

14   For these things do I leave you instead of inheritance.

15   Do ye also, therefore, give them to  your  children  for  an everlasting possession; for so did both Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob.

16   For all these things they gave us for an inheritance, say­ ing: Keep the commandments of God, until the Lord shall re­ veal His salvation to all Gentiles.

17   And then shall ye see Enoch, Noah, and Shem, and Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, rising on the right hand in gladness.

18   Then shall we also rise, each one over our tribe, wor­ shipping the King of heaven, who appeared upon earth in the form of a man in humility.

19   And as many as believe on Him on the earth shall rejoice with Him.

20   Then also all men shall rise, some unto glory and some unto shame.

21   And the Lord shall judge Israel first, for their unrighteous­ ness; for when He appeared as God in the flesh to deliver them they believed Him not.

22   And then shall  He judge all the Gentiles, as many as be­ lieved Him not when He ap­ peared upon earth.

23   And He shall convict Israel through the chosen ones of the Gentiles, even as He reproved sau through the Midianites, who deceived their brethren, so that they fell into fornication, and idolatry; and they were alienated from God, becoming therefore children in the portion of them that fear the Lord.

24   If ye therefore, my chil­ dren, walk in holiness according to the commandments of the Lord, ye shall again dwell se­ curely with me, and all Israel shall be gathered unto the Lord.

25   And I shall no longer be called  a  ravening wolf on  ac­ count  of  your  ravages,  but  a worker of the Lord distributing food to them that work what is good.

26   And there shall arise in the latter days one beloved of the Lord, of the tribe of Judah and Levi, a doer of His good pleas­ure  in his   mouth, with new knowledge enlightening the Gen­ tiles.

27   Until the consummation of the age shall he be in the syna gogues of the Gentiles, and among their rulers, as a strain of music in the mouth of all.

28   And he shall be inscribed in the holy books, both his work and his word, and he shall be a chosen one of God for ever.

29   And through them he shall go to and fro as Jacob my father, saying:   He  shall  fill  up that which lacketh of thy tribe.

30   And when he had said these things he stretched out his feet.

31   And died in a beautiful and good sleep.

32   And his sons did as he had enjoined them, and they took up his body and buried it in Hebron with his fathers. And   the  number  of  the days of his life was a hundred and twenty-five years.